13 июня — 164-й день года (165-й в високосные годы) по григорианскому календарю . До конца года остаётся 201 день. До 15 октября 1582 года — 13 июня по юлианскому календарю, с 15 октября 1582 года — 13 июня по григорианскому календарю. В XX и XXI веках соответствует 31 мая по юлианскому ...
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13 июня — 164-й день года по григорианскому календарю. До конца года остаётся 201 день. For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for 13 июня .
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The Civil War and celebrations of Emancipation
During the American Civil War, emancipation came at different times to various places in the Southern United States. Celebrations of emancipation often called a Jubileeoccurred on September 22, July 4, August 1, April 6, and November 1, among other dates throughout the United States. Juneteenth in Texas became a well known celebration.
End of slavery in Texas
During the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. It became effective on January 1, 1863, declaring that all enslaved persons in the Confederate States of America in rebellion and not in Union hands were freed.[a] More isolated geographically, planters and other slaveholders had migrated into Texas from eastern states to escape the fighting, and many brought enslaved people with them, increasing by the thousands the enslaved p...
Formerly enslaved people in Galveston celebrated after the announcement. The following year, freedmen in Texas organized the first of what became the annual celebration of "Jubilee Day" (Day of Jubilee) on June 19. Early celebrations were used as political rallies to give voting instructions to newly freed slaves.Early independence celebrations often occurred on January 1 or 4. In some cities black people were barred from using public parks because of state-sponsored segregation of facilities...
Recognition of Juneteenth varies across the United States. It is not officially recognized by the federal government, although the Senate unanimously passed a simple resolution in 2018 in honor of the day, and legislation has been introduced in Congress several times to make it either a "national day of observance" (akin to Flag Day or Patriot Day)or a full-scale federal holiday. Most states recognize it in some way, either as a ceremonial observance or a state holiday. Texas was the first state to recognize the date, in 1980. By 2002, eight states officially recognized Juneteenth and four years later 15 states recognized the holiday. By 2008, nearly half of states observed the holiday as a ceremonial observance. By 2019, 47 states and the District of Columbia recognized Juneteenth, although only one state (Texas) has adopted the holiday as a paid holiday for state employees. In 2020, Massachusetts Governor Charles Bakerissued a proclamation that the day would be marked as "Juneteen...
The holiday is considered the "longest-running African-American holiday" and has been called "America's second Independence Day". Juneteenth is usually celebrated on the third Saturday in June], NYT (June 18, 2004). Historian Mitch Kachun considers that celebrations of the end of slavery have three goals: "to celebrate, to educate, and to agitate". Early celebrations consisted of baseball, fishing, and rodeos. African Americans were often prohibited from using public facilities for their celebrations, so they were often held at churches or near water. Celebrations were also characterized by elaborate large meals and people wearing their best clothing. It was common for former slaves and their descendants to make a pilgrimage to Galveston. As early festivals received news coverage, Janice Hume and Noah Arceneaux consider that they "served to assimilate African-American memories within the dominant 'American story'." Observance today is primarily in local celebrations. In many places...Barr, Alwyn (1996). Black Texans: A History of African Americans in Texas, 1528–1995. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0806128788.Blanck, Emily. "Galveston on San Francisco Bay: Juneteenth in the Fillmore District, 1945–2016." Western Historical Quarterly 50.2 (2019): 85-112. https://doi.org/10.1093/whq/whz003Cromartie, J. Vern. "Freedom Came at Different Times: A Comparative Analysis of Emancipation Day and Juneteenth Celebrations." NAAAS Conference Proceedings. National Association of African American...Donovan, Anne, and Karen De Bres. "Foods of freedom: Juneteenth as a culinary tourist attraction." Tourism Review International 9.4 (2006): 379-389. linkJennifer Schuessler, "Liberation as Death Sentence", The New York Times, June 11, 2012Juneteenth: Fact Sheet Congressional Research Service(updated June 3, 2020)
Apostle Hermes of Philippopolis (Hermas), of the Seventy Apostles(1st century)Martyr Hermias of Comana (160)[note 2]Martyr Magus (the Magician), who converted upon witnessing the martyrdom of Hermias (160)[note 3]Martyr Philosophus at Alexandria(252)Virgin-martyr Petronilla, at Rome (1st or 3rd century)[note 5]Martyr Crescentian, in Sassariin Sardinia (c. 130)Martyrs Cantius, Cantian, Cantianilla and Protus, in Aquileia (304)[note 6]Saint Lupicinus of Verona, Bishop of Verona, described as 'the most holy, the best of bishops' (5th century)
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Saint Philotheus (Leschynsky) of Tobolsk, Metropolitan of Tobolsk and the "Apostle of Siberia" (1727)[note 7]First translation of the relics (1591) of Hieromartyr Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia (1569), to Solovki.Repose of Archimandrite Macarius of Peshnosha Monastery, disciple of Blessed Theodore of Sanaxar (1811)Finding of the relics (1960) of New Martyr Nicholas the Deacon, of Mytilene (1463)St. Hermes of Philippopolis, of the Seventy Apostles.St. Petronilla(Aurelia Petronilla), virgin martyr.St. Petronilla (Aurelia Petronilla), by Sano di Pietro.Saint Philotheus (Leschynsky) of Tobolsk, Metropolitan of Tobolsk and the "Apostle of Siberia" .
Martyr Djan Darada (Aetius the Eunuch), the Ethiopian eunuch of Queen Candace, baptized by the Apostle Philip (1st century) (see also: January 4, August 27)Hieromartyr Isaurus, deacon, and with him Martyrs Basil, Innocent, Felix, Hermias and Peregrinus, of Athens and Appolonia in Macedonia (284)[note 2] (see also: July 6)Hieromartyr Philoneides, Bishop of Kourion in Cyprus (c. 306) (see also: August 30)Martyrs Manuel, Sabel, and Ismael of Persia, at Constantinople (363)[note 3]Saint Antidius (Antel, Antible, Tude), disciple and successor of St Froninus as Bishop of Besançonin France; put to death by the Vandals at the hamlet called Ruffey (c. 265)Saint Montanus, a soldier who was taken to the island of Ponza in Italy and martyred (c. 300)[note 5][note 6]262 Martyrs of Rome, under Diocletian, buried on the old Via Salaria in Rome.[note 7]Saint Avitus (Avy), Abbot of Micy near Orleans, Confessor (c. 530)[note 8]Martyr Shalva of Akhaltsikhe, Georgia (1227)Saint Ananias the Iconographer, of Novgorod (1581)Philip and the Ethiopian eunuch (Menologion of Basil II).Martyrs Manuel, Sabel, and Ismael of Persia, at Constantinople.St. Gondulph of Maastricht, looking up from his grave.Martyr Nectan of Hartland.The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004.St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). pp. 44–45.
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On 30 June 1908 (N. S.) (cited in Russia as 17 June 1908, O. S., before the implementation of the Soviet calendar in 1918), at around 07:17 local time, Evenki natives and Russian settlers in the hills northwest of Lake Baikal observed a column of bluish light, nearly as bright as the sun, moving across the sky. About ten minutes later, there was a flash and a sound similar to artillery fire. Eyewitnesses closer to the explosion reported that the source of the sound moved from the east to the north of them. The sounds were accompanied by a shock wavethat knocked people off their feet and broke windows hundreds of kilometres away. The explosion registered at seismic stations across Eurasia, and air waves from the blast were detected in Germany, Denmark, Croatia, and the United Kingdom — and as far away as Batavia, Dutch East Indies, and Washington, D.C. It is estimated that, in some places, the resulting shock wave was equivalent to an earthquake measuring 5.0 on the Richter magnitude...
It was not until more than a decade after the event that any scientific analysis of the region took place, in part due to the isolation of the area and significant political upheaval affecting Russia in the 1910s. In 1921, the Russian mineralogist Leonid Kulik led a team to the Podkamennaya Tunguska River basin to conduct a survey for the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Although they never visited the central blast area, the many local accounts of the event led Kulik to believe that the explosion had been caused by a giant meteorite impact. Upon returning, he persuaded the Soviet government to fund an expedition to the suspected impact zone, based on the prospect of salvaging meteoric iron. Kulik led a scientific expedition to the Tunguska blast site in 1927. He hired local Evenki hunters to guide his team to the centre of the blast area, where they expected to find an impact crater. To their surprise, there was no crater to be found at ground zero. Instead they found a zone, roughly 8...
A smaller air burst occurred over a populated area on 15 February 2013, at Chelyabinsk in the Ural district of Russia. The exploding meteoroid was determined to have been an asteroid that measured about 17–20 metres (56–66 ft) across. It had an estimated initial mass of 11,000 tonnes and exploded with an energy release of approximately 500 kilotons.The air burst inflicted over 1,200 injuries, mainly from broken glass falling from windows shattered by its shock wave.Evgenii A. Vaganov; Malkolm K. Hughes; Pavel P. Silkin; Valery D. Nesvetailo (2004). "The Tunguska Event in 1908: Evidence from Tree-Ring Anatomy" (PDF). Astrobiology. 4 (3): 391–399. Bibcode:2004A...
Kovrov (Russian: Ковро́в) is a city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Klyazma River (a tributary of the Oka).Kovrov's population as of the 2010 Census was 145,214; down from 155,499 recorded in the 2002 Census, and further down from 159,942 recorded in the 1989 Census).
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Doumesh lived and worked as a software engineer in Latvian capital Riga during the 80s . Since 1995 she has lived in the Netherlands (Alkmaar), She is a teacher at Transcendental Meditation, translator from Dutch, Russian and English.
1. 1997 (6 place)) 2. 1999 (15 place) 3. 2003 (7 place) 4. 2005 (7 place) 5. 2007 (11 place) 6. 2011 (11 place) 7. 2017(7 place)
1. 2002 (4 place) 2. 2004 (12 place) 3. 2006 (9 place) 4. 2008 (13 place) 5. 2000 (8 place) 6. 2012 (23 place) 7. 2014 (15 place) 8. 2016(14 place)
1. 2013 (4 place) 2. 2014 (2 place) 3. 2016 (5 place)
1. 2014 (35 place and 3 place in the team classification)
13. (1) Contraceptive products may be sold only if they have been approved by the National Health Service. Approval may be made subject to, inter alia , the condition that the products will be sold only in pharmacies or shops which have been approved by the medical officer of health after consultation with the police.
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