December 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Day of Reconciliation, formerly celebrated as Day of the Vow by the Afrikaners (South Africa) National Day, celebrates the withdrawal of United Kingdom from Bahrain, making Bahrain an independent emirate in 1971. National Sports Day (Thailand)
16 December is a 2002 Indian Hindi-language action thriller film directed by Mani Shankar, based on a plot to destroy the capital city of India, New Delhi with a nuclear bomb on 16 December 2001 – 30 years after the surrender of Pakistan at the end of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.
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Up to 1900
1. 1431 – Henry VI of England is crowned King of France. 2. 1497 - Vasco da Gama sails around the Cape of Good Hope in present-day South Africa, the point where Bartolomeu Dias had previously turned back to Portugal. 3. 1575 - A massive earthquake hits Valdivia, Chile. 4. 1598 - Second War of Jeong-yu: Battle of Noryang - Chinese general Chen Lin heavily damages the Japanesefleet, which successfully retreats. 5. 1631 – An eruption of Mount Vesuviuskills around 4,000 people. 6. 1653 – Oliver C...
1901 – 2000
1. 1903 - The Taj Mahal Palace and Tower hotel in Bombay, India, opens to guests for the first time. 2. 1912 - First Balkan War: The Royal Hellenic Navy defeats the Ottoman Empire Navy at the Battle of Elli. 3. 1914 - World War I: German battleships under Franz von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough. 4. 1918 - Vincas Mickevicius-Kapsukas declares the formation of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic. 5. 1920 – An earthquake in Gansu province in Chinakills an es...
1. 2011 – Typhoon Washi hits the Philippines in the night to December 17. 2. 2012 - 2012 Delhi gang rape case: A 23-year-old female student is gang-raped by a group of men while getting off a bus in Delhi. She dies on December 29and the attack attracts much attention and debate around the world. 3. 2014 - The 2014 Sydney hostage crisis comes to an end, as police storm the café in Sydney, Australia, where Man Haron Monishad held people hostage since the previous day. Three people are killed, i...
Up to 1900
1. 868 - Emperor Yozei of Japan (d. 949) 2. 1364 - Emperor Manuel III of Trebizond (d. 1417) 3. 1485 – Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England (d. 1536) 4. 1584 - John Selden, English polymath (d. 1654) 5. 1614 - Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1674) 6. 1714 - George Whitefield, English clergyman (d. 1770) 7. 1716 - Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini, French diplomat (d. 1798) 8. 1717 - Elizabeth Carter, English poet (d. 1806) 9. 1742 – Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian field marshal (d....
1901 – 1950
1. 1901 – Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (d. 1978) 2. 1902 - Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (d. 1999) 3. 1903 - Misao Tamai, Japanese footballer (d. 1978) 4. 1905 – Piet Hein, Danish mathematician and inventor (d. 1996) 5. 1913 - George Ignatieff, Russian-Canadian diplomat (d. 1989) 6. 1915 - Turk Murphy, American trombonist and singer (d. 1987) 7. 1916 - Birgitta Valberg, Swedish actress (d. 2014) 8. 1917 – Arthur C. Clarke, British writer (d. 2008) 9. 1918 – Pierre Delanoe, French son...
1951 – 1975
1. 1952 – Francesco Graziani, Italian footballer 2. 1952 - Joel Garner, Barbadian cricketer 3. 1953 - Rebecca Forstadt, American voice actress 4. 1955 - Xander Berkeley, American actor 5. 1955 - Carol Browner, American lawyer, environmentalist and businesswoman 6. 1955 - Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este 7. 1956 - Liliane Maury Pasquier, Swiss politician 8. 1956 - Lizzy Mercier Descloux, French singer-songwriter, musician and actress (d. 2004) 9. 1956 – Tommy Burns, Scottish...
Up to 1900
1. 401 - Pope Anastasius I 2. 705 – Empress Wu of Zhou(China; b. 625) 3. 714 – Pippin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia 4. 867 - Eberhard of Friuli, Frankish literary patron, diplomat and saint (b. 815) 5. 999 – Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. 931) 6. 1263 - King Haakon IV of Norway (b. 1204) 7. 1325 – Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (b. 1270) 8. 1379 – John Fitzalan, Marshal of England (drowned) 9. 1470 – John II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1425) 10. 1474 - Ali Qushji, astron...
1901 – 2000
1. 1914 – Ivan Zajc, Austro-Hungarian composer (b. 1832) 2. 1916 – Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (b. 1869) 3. 1921 – Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (b. 1835) 4. 1922 – Gabriel Narutowicz, first President of Poland (b. 1865) 5. 1928 – Elinor Wylie, American poet and writer (b. 1885) 6. 1935 - Thelma Todd, American actress (b. 1905) 7. 1944 - Betsie ten Boom, Dutch Holocaust victim (b. 1885) 8. 1945 – Giovanni Agnelli, Italian automobile manufacturer (b. 1866) 9. 1945 – Fumimaro Konoe, P...
1. 2001 - Stuart Adamson, British singer-songwriter and musician (b. 1958) 2. 2001 – Stefan Heym, German writer (b. 1913) 3. 2003 – Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (b. 1914) 4. 2003 – Gary Stewart, American musician, singer and songwriter (suicide) (b. 1945) 5. 2004 – Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (b. 1933) 6. 2004 - Deyda Hadara, Gambian journalist (b. 1946) 7. 2005 – Kenneth Bulmer, British writer (b. 1921) 8. 2005 – John Spencer, American actor (b. 1946) 9. 2007 – Dan Fo...Independence Day (Kazakhstan)Day of Reconciliation (South Africa)Victory Day (India and Bangladesh)
- Date and observance
The Day of Reconciliation is a public holiday in South Africa held annually on 16 December. The holiday came into effect in 1995 after the end of apartheid, with the intention of fostering reconciliation and national unity for the country. The date was chosen because it was significant to both Afrikaner and black African cultures. The government chose a meaningful date for both ethnic groups because they recognised the need for racial harmony. The celebration of the Day of Reconciliation can tak
The first time the Day of Reconciliation was celebrated as a public holiday was in 1995. The new government chose to represent national unity by choosing a date that had significance for "both the Afrikaner and liberation struggle traditions".
For Afrikaners, 16 December was commemorated as the Day of the Vow, also known as Day of the Covenant or Dingaansdag. The Day of the Vow was a religious holiday commemorating the Voortrekker victory over the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River in 1838, and is still celebrated by s
Africans who did not have the right to vote after the South African War protested racial discrimination on 16 December 1910. Other protests against the government dealing with racial discrimination continued to be held on 16 December. In 1929, 1930 and 1934, anti-pass demonstrati
When Apartheid ended, it was decided to keep 16 December as a public holiday, but to infuse it "with the purpose of fostering reconciliation and national unity." It was established by the government in 1994. Nelson Mandela was part of the group of politicians that helped start th
- Recognition of Bangladesh
- Events commemorating Victory Day
Victory day is national holiday in Bangladesh celebrated on December 16 to commemorate the victory of the Bangladesh forces over the Pakistani forces in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The Commanding officer of the Pakistani Forces General AAK Niazi surrendered with his forces to the allied forces of Bangladesh, which marked the end of the 9 month-long Bangladesh Liberation War and 1971 Bangladesh genocide and official secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh. This day and event is also
In 1971 Bangladesh fought the Bangladesh Liberation War against Pakistan to become an Independent country, which resulted in the secession of East Pakistan from the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and established the sovereign nation called Bangladesh. The war pitted East Pakistan and India against West Pakistan, and lasted for a duration of nine months. One of the most violent wars of the 20th century, it witnessed large-scale atrocities, the exodus of 10 million refugees and the killing of 3 mill
The Surrender of Pakistan Armed Forces marked the end of the Bangladesh Liberation War and the creation of Bangla Desh. Most United Nations member nations were quick to recognize Bangladesh within months of its independence.
The celebration of Victory Day has been taking place since 1972. The Bangladesh Liberation War became a topic of great importance in cinema, literature, history lessons at school, the mass media, and the arts in Bangladesh. The ritual of the celebration gradually obtained a distinctive character with a number of similar elements: Military Parade by the Bangladesh Armed Forces at the National Parade Ground, ceremonial meetings, speeches, lectures, receptions and fireworks displays. Victory Day in
Mikoyan MiG-29 & Chengdu F-7 of Bangladesh Air Force fly over national parade ground
1431 - Henry VI o Ingland is crouned King o Fraunce.1497 - Vasco da Gama sails past Sooth Africae's Fish River on his voyage tae Indie.1575 - A major yirdquauk hits Valdivia in present-day Chile.1773 - Boston Tea Pairty: Members o the "Sons o Liberty" throw hundreds o crates o tea intae the river in Boston, Massachusettsin protest at the Tea Act.1485 - Catherine o Aragon, Spaingie-born Queen Consort o Ingland (d. 1536)1724 - William Douglas, 4t Duke o Queensberry, Scots nobleman (d. 1810)1770 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German componer (d. 1827)1775 - Jane Austen, Inglis writer (d. 1817)401 - Pape Anastasius I882 - Pape John VIII1634 - George Hay, 1st Yerl o Kinnoull, Scots nobleman an poleetical offeecial (b. 1570)1859 - Wilhelm Grimm, German writer an folklorist (b. 1786)Independence Day (Bahrain, Kazakhstan)Victory Day (Bangladesh)Day o Reconciliation (Sooth Africae)