1885 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1885th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 885th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1880s decade.
Depression of 1882–85 (1882–1885) Sport. August 29 – John L. Sullivan becomes First World Heavyweight Boxing Champion. September 30 – The Chicago White Stockings clinch their Third National League pennant with a 2–1 win over the New York Giants. Births. January 7 – Edwin Swatek, swimmer and water polo player (died 1966)
Clint Eastwood defeats Mad Dog Tannen. Sitting Bull joins Buffalo Bill. Randolph Churchill becomes a viceroy of India. Nikola Tesla sells a number of his patents to George Westinghouse. William Stanley, Jr. builds the first practical alternating current transformer device, the induction coil. Local anesthetic.
The 1885 World Series (the "World's Championship") was an end-of-the-year playoff series between the National League champion Chicago White Stockings and American Association champion St. Louis Browns. The Series was played in four cities (Chicago, St. Louis, Pittsburgh, and Cincinnati). It ended in a disputed 3–3–1 tie.
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- Modern cartridge advantages
The Winchester Model 1885 is a single-shot rifle with a falling-block action. It was principally designed by John Browning. Two models were produced, the Low Wall and the High Wall.
In 1878, the 23-year-old Browning designed a falling-block single-shot rifle, for which he was granted a patent the following year. Browning and his brother commenced making the rifles by hand in their second-floor workshop in Ogden, Utah, with limited success. In 1883, Thomas G. Bennett, Vice-President and General Manager of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, traveled to Ogden and negotiated the purchase of the single-shot design, as well as the prototype of what would become the Model 1886
The overall length of a Model 1885 with a 28-inch barrel is the same basic length as a Winchester bolt-action Model 70 with a 24-inch barrel. With a longer barrel, bullet velocities can be significantly increased over bolt-action rifles that have the same overall length, provided the proper combination of bullet and propellant is selected.
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Major League Baseball
1. National League: Chicago White Stockings 2. American Association: St. Louis Browns World Series Post-season playoff: the Chicago White Stockings played the St. Louis Browns, which ended with both teams going 3–3–1 in a best-of-seven series. Game 1 finished in a tie called after eight inning due to darkness; Game 2 was awarded to Chicago by forfeit after six innings because St. Louis refused to continue after disputing an umpiring decision. Both teams dispute series and claim championship.
Minor League Baseball
1. Canadian League: Clippers of Hamilton 2. Eastern League: Washington Nationals 3. New England League: Lawrence 4. New York State League: Syracuse
1. Inter-Collegiate Association: Yale University 2. Northwestern College Base Ball Association: University of WisconsinNew York Giants first baseman Roger Connorled the NL in batting average (.371), on-base percentage (.435), hits (169), and total bases (225). He was second in the NL in slugging percentage (.495) a...Buffalo Bisons first baseman Dan Brouthersled the NL in slugging percentage (.543) and adjusted OPS+ (203). He was second in the NL in batting average (.359), on-base percentage (.408), hits (146),...Chicago White Stockings pitcher John Clarksonhad a win–loss record of 53–16 and led the NL in innings pitched (623), wins (53), shutouts (10), and strikeouts (308). He was third in the NL in earned...
1. January 3 – The Cleveland Bluesrelease all of their players as they prepare to disband. 2. January 6 – Henry Lucas, the man behind the failed Union Association in 1884, purchases the remaining assets of the Cleveland Blues as he prepares for his St. Louis Maroons to join the National League. 3. January 10 – The National League accepts the formal withdrawal of the Cleveland Blues and admits the St. Louis Maroons, the champions of the Union Association in 1884. 4. January 15 – The Union Asso...
1. April 3 – The New York Metropolitans of the American Association, run by John Day, release Tim Keefe and Dude Esterbrook in order for them to be acquired by the National League New York Giants, also run by Day. 2. April 29 – After being shut out for the 2nd straight game, players on the Cincinnati Red Stockings are fined $25 each by their manager O. P. Caylor. 3. May 7 – The St. Louis Browns take over 1st place in the American Association with a 13–1 win over the Philadelphia Athleticsand...
1. July 1 – Tom Burns of the Chicago White Stockingshits a home run that is estimated at 500 feet in a Chicago win. 2. July 2 – Sam Thompson makes his major league debut for the Detroit Wolverines. 3. July 3 – Jim McCormick of the Providence Grays wins his 200th career game for his first victory of the season. 6 days later he will be sold to the Chicago White Stockingswhere he will win 20 games. 4. July 4 – Owen Keenan of the Youngstown, Ohioclub beats New Castle in both games of a double-hea...January 2 – Chick AutryJanuary 5 – Art FletcherJanuary 15 – Grover LowdermilkJanuary 21 – Benny MeyerFebruary 10 – Al Hall, age unknown, center fielder for the 1879 Troy Trojans.February 12 – Nealy Phelps, 44, played 12 career games over 5 seasons for 3 teams in 2 leagues.March 13 – Herman Dehlman, 32?, first baseman for Brooklyn and St. Louis teams in the National Association who led league in walks in 1875.August 12 – Dick Cramer, age unknown, played 2 games for the 1883 New York Gothams.
- Arte, Științe, Literatură și Filozofie
1. A început al treilea război anglo-birmanez, încheiat cu victoria britanicilor. 2. București: În Cotroceni începe amenajarea Grădinii Botanice, care va fi finalizată în 1890. 3. Franța donează Statuia Libertății Statelor Unite ale Americii.Chimistul francez, Paul Vieille, descoperă pulberea fără fum (pulberea B) pe bază de nitroceluloză.14 ianuarie: Constantin Sănătescu, general și om politic român, prim-ministru (1944), (d. 1947)21 ianuarie: George Vâlsan, geograf român, membru titular al Academiei Române (d. 1935)22 ianuarie: Gheorghe Demetrescu, astronom și seismolog român (d. 1969)30 ianuarie: Iuliu Hossu, cardinal român (d. 1970)31 martie: Franz Abt, 65 ani, compozitor și dirijor german (n. 1819)8 aprilie: C.A. Rosetti (Constantin Alexandru Rosetti), 68 ani, om politic liberal, participant la Revoluția română de la 1848, conducătorul unor importante ziare și reviste (n. 1816)13 mai: Jakob Henle (n. Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle), 75 ani, medic german de etnie evreiască (n. 1809)22 mai: Victor Hugo, 83 ani, scriitor francez (n. 1802)
North-West Rebellion. The North-West Rebellion of 1885 ( French: Rébellion du Nord-Ouest) was a rebellion by the Métis people under Louis Riel and an associated uprising by First Nations Cree and Assiniboine of the District of Saskatchewan against the Canadian government. Many Métis felt that Canada was not protecting their rights, their ...