1906 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1906th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 906th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1906, the ...
People also ask
Are there any media related to the year 1906?
What was the magnitude of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake?
What was the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906?
- Tectonic Setting
- Centennial Commemorations
- in Popular Culture
- See Also
- External Links
The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that forms part of the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. The strike-slip fault is characterized by mainly lateral motion in a dextral sense, where the western (Pacific) plate moves northward relative to the eastern (North American) plate. This fault runs the length of California from the Salton Sea in the south to Cape Mendocino in the north, a distance of about 810 miles (1,300 km). The maximum observed surface displacement was about 20 feet (6 m); geodeticmeasurements show displacements of up to 28 feet (8.5 m).
The 1906 earthquake preceded the development of the Richter magnitude scale by three decades. The most widely accepted estimate for the magnitude of the quake on the modern moment magnitude scale is 7.9; values from 7.7 to as high as 8.3 have been proposed. According to findings published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, severe deformations in the earth's crust took place both before and after the earthquake's impact. Accumulated strain on the faults in the system was relieved during the earthquake, which is the supposed cause of the damage along the 450-kilometre-long (280 mi) segment of the San Andreas plate boundary. The 1906 rupture propagated both northward and southward for a total of 296 miles (476 km). Shaking was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles, and as far inland as central Nevada. A strong foreshock preceded the main shock by about 20 to 25 seconds. The strong shaking of the main shock lasted about 42 seconds. There were decades of minor earthquakes – more than at a...
Early death counts ranged from 375 to over 500. However, hundreds of fatalities in Chinatown went ignored and unrecorded. The total number of deaths is still uncertain, but various reports presented a range of 700–3,000+. In 2005, the city's Board of Supervisors voted unanimously in support of a resolution written by novelist James Dalessandro ("1906") and city historian Gladys Hansen ("Denial of Disaster") to recognize the figure of 3,000 plus as the official total. Most of the deaths occurred in San Francisco itself, but 189 were reported elsewhere in the Bay Area; nearby cities, such as Santa Rosa and San Jose, also suffered severe damage. In Monterey County, the earthquake permanently shifted the course of the Salinas River near its mouth. Where previously the river emptied into Monterey Bay between Moss Landing and Watsonville, it was diverted 6 miles (9.7 km) south to a new channel just north of Marina. Between 227,000 and 300,000 people were left homeless out of a population...
As damaging as the earthquake and its aftershocks were, the fires that burned out of control afterward were even more destructive. It has been estimated that up to 90% of the total destruction was the result of the subsequent fires. Within three days, over 30 fires, caused by ruptured gas mains, destroyed approximately 25,000 buildings on 490 city blocks. Some were started when San Francisco Fire Department firefighters, untrained in the use of dynamite, attempted to demolish buildings to create firebreaks. The dynamited buildings themselves often caught fire. The city's fire chief, Dennis T. Sullivan, who would have been responsible for coordinating firefighting efforts, had died from injuries sustained in the initial quake.In total, the fires burned for four days and nights. Due to a widespread practice by insurers to indemnify San Francisco properties from fire, but not earthquake damage, most of the destruction in the city was blamed on the fires. Some property owners deliberate...
The city's fire chief, Dennis T. Sullivan, was gravely injured when the earthquake first struck and later died from his injuries. [Nash, Jay R. Darkest Hours, p. 492] The interim fire chief sent an urgent request to the Presidio, a United States Army post on the edge of the stricken city, for dynamite. General Frederick Funston had already decided that the situation required the use of federal troops. Telephoning a San Francisco Police Department officer, he sent word to Mayor Eugene Schmitz of his decision to assist and then ordered federal troops from nearby Angel Island to mobilize and come into the city. Explosives were ferried across the bay from the California Powder Works in what is now Hercules. During the first few days, soldiers provided valuable services like patrolling streets to discourage looting and guarding buildings such as the U.S. Mint, post office, and county jail. They aided the fire department in dynamiting to demolish buildings in the path of...
Property losses from the disaster have been estimated to be more than $400 million in 1906 dollars.This is equivalent to $11.5 billion in 2020 dollars. An insurance industry source tallies insured losses at $235 million, the equivalent to $6.77 billion in 2020 dollars. Political and business leaders strongly downplayed the effects of the earthquake, fearing loss of outside investment in the city which was badly needed to rebuild. In his first public statement, California governor George Pardee emphasized the need to rebuild quickly: "This is not the first time that San Francisco has been destroyed by fire, I have not the slightest doubt that the City by the Golden Gate will be speedily rebuilt, and will, almost before we know it, resume her former great activity".The earthquake itself is not even mentioned in the statement. Fatality and monetary damage estimates were manipulated. Almost immediately after the quake (and even during the disaster), planning and reconstruction plans wer...
The 1906 Centennial Alliance was set up as a clearing-house for various centennial events commemorating the earthquake. Award presentations, religious services, a National Geographic TV movie, a projection of fire onto the Coit Tower, memorials, and lectures were part of the commemorations. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program issued a series of Internet documents,and the tourism industry promoted the 100th anniversary as well. Eleven survivors of the 1906 earthquake attended the centennial commemorations in 2006, including Irma Mae Weule (May 11, 1899 – August 8, 2008), who was the oldest survivor of the quake at the time of her death in August 2008, aged 109.Vivian Illing (December 25, 1900 – January 22, 2009) was believed to be the second-oldest survivor at the time of her death, aged 108, leaving Herbert Hamrol (January 10, 1903 – February 4, 2009) as the last known remaining survivor at the time of his death, aged 106. Another survivor, Libera Armstrong (September 28, 1902 – Nov...Will Irwin, The City That Was, a series of 1906 articles for The Sun, in New York City, and later as a booklet.The earthquake is shown towards the end of MGM's 1936 film San FranciscoThe earthquake is a major event in Tony Kushner's play Angels in America.The earthquake is depicted near the beginning of the 1932 film Frisco Jenny.1906 San Francisco earthquake at CurlieThe 1906 Earthquake and Fire – National ArchivesBefore and After the Great Earthquake and Fire: Early Films of San Francisco, 1897–1916 – American Memory at the Library of Congress
英國與美國教會於中國北京合作興辦協和醫學堂，是協和醫院的前身。2月13日——慈幼會來華。3月17日——台灣嘉義的梅山地區發生了規模7.1的大地震，震央在三美莊至開元後之間。魏耿，第一屆國民大會代表，馬祖東海部隊前縱隊司令（2013年逝世）1月11日——艾伯特·霍夫曼，瑞士化學家（2008年去世）1月13日——周有光，中國語言學家（2017年去世）1月15日——亞里士多德·歐納西斯，希臘船王（1975年去世）1月29日——克里斯蒂安九世，丹麥國王。（出生1818年）2月27日——塞繆爾·蘭利，美國航空先驅（出生1834年）4月19日——皮埃爾·居里（Pierre Curie），法國物理學家（出生1859年）5月23日——亨利·易卜生（Henrik Ibsen），挪威作家（出生1828年）物理：約瑟夫·湯姆孫（Joseph John Thomson）化學：亨利·莫瓦桑（Henri Moissan）生理和醫學：卡米洛·高爾基（Camillo Golgi）和聖地亞哥·拉蒙-卡哈爾（Santiago Ramón y Cajal）文學：喬蘇埃·卡爾杜齊（Giosuè Carducci）
- 19世紀 | 20世紀 | 21世紀
The 1906 VFL Grand Final was an Australian rules football game contested between the Carlton Football Club and Fitzroy Football Club, held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne on 22 September 1906. It was the 9th annual Grand Final of the Victorian Football League, staged to determine the premiers for the 1906 VFL season.
- 6.9 (45)
- 22 September 1906
- Melbourne Cricket Ground
中國（農曆）：光緒三十一年十二月初七～光緒三十二年十一月十六越南（農曆）：成泰十七年十二月初七～成泰十八年十一月十六朝鮮半島日本1月31號：厄瓜多爾發生地震（西班牙文：Terremoto de Ecuador y Colombia de 1906）。2月15號：英國工黨成立。3月17號：臺灣嘉義縣梅山發生黎克特制7.1級地震，最少1258死，2385傷。4月18號：美國三藩市黎克特制7.8級地震，引起多處大火，最少3000人死。1月11號：普拉西多卡斯泰洛，巴西政治人、律師同新聞從業員（1979年死）1月11號：歐拔荷夫曼，瑞士科學家（2008年死）1月13號：周有光，中國作家同教育家（2017年死）2月4號：湯博（英文：Clyde Tombaugh），美國天文學家，發現冥王星（1997年死）1月19號：米特理，阿根廷總統3月13號：蘇珊安東尼，美國女權主義活動家4月19號：居里，法國物理學家，諾貝爾物理學獎得主5月23號：易卜生，挪威劇作家，被譽為「現實主義之父」