Athens became the capital of Greece in 1834, following Nafplion, which was the provisional capital from 1829. The municipality (City) of Athens is also the capital of the Attica region. The term Athens can refer either to the Municipality of Athens, to Greater Athens or urban area, or to the entire Athens Metropolitan Area.
Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for perhaps 5,000 years. Situated in southern Europe, Athens became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC, and its cultural achievements during the 5th century BC laid the foundations of Western civilization.
People also ask
What are some interesting facts about Athens?
What is Athens famous for?
What were Athens known for?
What is the history of Athens?
Athens became the caipital o Greece in 1834, follaein Nafplio, which wis the proveesional caipital frae 1829. In addeetion, the municipality o Athens is the caipital o the Attica region. Athens can refer aither tae the municipality o Athens or tae the entire Athens Urban area, which maks up the "Ceity o Athens" that sprawls athort the Attica Basin.
- History of Athens
- Other Websites
Athens was a powerful city in Classical times. It was known for the amount of learning that happened there. The city was home to Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, is the most famous of all its ancient monuments. It was built between 447 BC and 438 BC and its decoration continued until 431 BC. Athens had its own Constitution and it also created the world's first known democracy. The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. The Parthenon was made a Christian church. That act saved it later from destruction of non Christian temples, in times of deep Theocracy. The Ottoman Turks took control of Athens in 1458. The Turks made the Parthenon into a Muslim mosque. The Parthenon was later damaged in 1687when gunpowder exploded inside it. Athens was freed from the Turks during the Greek War of Independence (1821-1833). It was an unimportant little town then, but the Greeks made...1896 - The first modern-day Olympic Gamestook place in Athens.2004 - The Olympic Gamestook place in Athens again, for the second time after 108 years.
There are many museums in the city. Some of the most important ones are: 1. the National Archaeological Museum, the largest archaeological museum in the country. 2. the New Acropolis Museum, opened in 2009. 3. the Byzantine and Christian Museum, one of the most important museums of Byzantine art. 4. the Museum of Cycladic Art. 5. the Benaki Museum, established in 1930 and renovated in 2000.
The Athens International airport "Eleftherios Venizelos"is the largest international airport in Greece and it opened in 2001. The Athens Metro, inaugurated in January 2000, is the only metro system in Greece. It has a total of three lines. It is famous for many of its stations that feature works of art and displays of the archeological remains found during its construction. The Athens Tramhas a total length of 27 km and covers ten Athenian suburbs from Syntagma Square (the central square of Athens) to the southwestern part of the city. The tram network is still under construction as it will be extended toward the port of Piraeus. The Attiki Odosis a modern motorway system that runs in the greater Athens metropolitan area and has a total length of 65 kilometres.
Athens, officially Athens–Clarke County, is a consolidated city–county and college town in the U.S. state of Georgia.Athens lies about 70 miles (110 kilometers) northeast of downtown, and is a satellite city of Atlanta.
- Geography of Athens
- History of Athens
- Culture of Athens
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Athens: Athens – capital of Greece and of the Attica region. With 3,090,508 residents in 412 km2, it is also the country's most populated city. Athens is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years.
Geography of Athens 1. Athens is: a city capital of Attica capital of Greece primate city of Greece 2. Population of Athens: 3,090,508 3. Area of Athens: 412 km2 4. Atlas of Athens 5. Topography of Athens
Timeline of Athens 1. Athens during the Greek Dark Ages 2. Athens during the Archaic period Rise of the polis 3. Solonian Constitution
Sports in Athens 1. Basketball in Athens AEK B.C. Acropolis International Basketball Tournament 2. Football in Athens Athens Football Clubs Association AEK Athens F.C. A.O. Nea Ionia F.C. Apollon Smyrni F.C. Atromitos F.C. Panathinaikos F.C. 3. Rugby football in Athens Athens RFC
- Athens Ke Itihaas
- Chapa Ke Gallery
- Duusra Websites
Greece ke attica jagah me bahut pahile se basti hae lekin ii nai jaana jaawe hae ki kab usme se ek apne ke Athens bole lagaa. Plato ke writing me Greece ke naam ke 9600 BC se batawa jaawe hae.
Athens, Attica ke central plains me hae, jiske west me Mount Aegaleo, north me Mount Parnitha, northeast me Mount Penteli aur east me Mount Hymettus hae. Athens kuchh pahaarr pe banaa hae. is built around a number of hills. Lycabettus is one of the tallest hills of the city proper and provides a view of the entire Attica Basin. The geomorphology of Athens is deemed to be one of the most complex in the world due to its mountains and causes a temperature inversion phenomenon which, along with the failure of the Greek Government to control industrial pollution, is responsible for the air pollution problems the city has recently faced. This issue is not characteristic of Athens alone; for intsance, Los Angeles and Mexico Cityalso suffer from similar geomorphology inversion problems.AcropolisAthens ke Olympic StadiumAthens me museumAthens me aagi↑ 1.0 1.1 "Focus on Athens" (PDF). UHI Quarterly Newsletter, Issue 1, May 2009, page 2. www.urbanheatisland.info. Retrieved 18 March 2011.↑ 2.0 2.1 Tung, Anthony (2001). "The City the Gods Besieged". Preserving the World's Great Cities: The Destruction and Renewal of the Historic Metropolis. New York: Three Rivers Press. p. 266. ISBN...↑ "Daily Report on Air Pollution Levels". Hellenic Ministry of the Environment and Public Works. www.minenv.gr. Retrieved 26 January 2007.↑ Founda D. (2011). "Evolution of the air temperature in Athens and evidence of climatic change: A review". Advances in Bulding Energy Research, 5,1, 7-41, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ear...
- Nikitas Kaklamanis
Athens Airport SA, a state-owned company, was established in 1978 to proceed with the plans. However, after delays and slow development, the project was revived in 1991 with the then government launching an international tender for the selection of a build-own-operate-transfer partner for the airport project, with Hochtief of Germany being ...
- 308 ft / 94 m
- The building
- Expansions and renovations
- Artists and artifacts
The National Archaeological Museum in Athens houses some of the most important artifacts from a variety of archaeological locations around Greece from prehistory to late antiquity. It is considered one of the greatest museums in the world and contains the richest collection of artifacts from Greek antiquity worldwide. It is situated in the Exarcheia area in central Athens between Epirus Street, Bouboulinas Street and Tositsas Street while its entrance is on the Patission Street adjacent to the h
The first national archaeological museum in Greece was established by the governor of Greece Ioannis Kapodistrias in Aigina in 1829. Subsequently, the archaeological collection was relocated to a number of exhibition places until 1858, when an international architectural competition was announced for the location and the architectural design of the new museum. The current location was proposed and the construction of the museum's building began in 1866 and was completed in 1889 using funds from
The museum has an imposing neo-classical design which was very popular in Europe at the time and is in accordance with the classical style artifacts that it houses. The initial plan was conceived by the architect Ludwig Lange and it was later modified by Panagis Kalkos who was the main architect, Armodios Vlachos and Ernst Ziller. At the front of the museum there is a large neo-classic design garden which is decorated with sculptures.
The building has undergone many expansions. Most important were the construction of a new east wing in the early 20th century based on the plans of Anastasios Metaxas and the construction of a two-storeyed building, designed by George Nomikos, during 1932–1939. These expansions were necessary to accommodate the rapidly growing collection of artifacts. The most recent refurbishment of the museum took more than 1.5 years to complete, during which the museum remained completely closed. It ...
The prehistoric collection displays objects from the Neolithic era, Early and Mid-Bronze Age, objects classified as Cycladic and Mycenaean art. Neolithic era and early and mid-Bronze Age collection There are ceramic finds from various important Neolithic sites such as Dimini and
The Egyptian collection dates back to the last twenty years of the 19th century. Notable is the donation of the Egyptian government which in 1893 offered nine mummies of the era of the Pharaohs. However, the Egyptian collection is mainly by two donors, Ioannis Dimitriou and of Al
The Stathatos collection is named for the donors and major Greek benefactors Antonis and Eleni Stathatos. The collection features about 1000 objects, mainly jewels as well as metal objects, vases, and pottery from the Middle Bronze Age to post-Byzantine era. Features of special n
Some of the ancient artists whose work is presented in the museum are Myron, Scopas, Euthymides, Lydos, Agoracritus, Agasias, Pan Painter, Wedding Painter, Meleager Painter, Cimon of Cleonae, Nessos Painter, Damophon, Aison, Analatos Painter, Polygnotos, Hermonax. Collections include sculpture work, Loutrophoros, amphora, Hydria, Skyphos, Krater, Pelike, and lekythos vessels, Stele, frescoes, jewellery, weapons, tools, coins, toys and other ancient items. Artifacts derive from archaeological exc