Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional republic following the Westminster system of governance. The country is divided into eight administrative divisions and 64 districts. The constitution declares Bangladesh a secular state, while establishing Islam as a state religion.
History of Bangladesh. Civilisational history of Bangladesh previously known as East Bengal, dates back over four millennia, to the Chalcolithic. The country's early documented history featured successions of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms and empires, vying for regional dominance. Islam arrived during the 6th-7th century AD and became dominant ...
People also ask
What is the main religion of Bangladesh?
How did Bangladesh become an independent country?
What are the customs of Bangladesh?
What is the history of Bangladesh?
- Related Pages
- Other Websites
The delta and surrounding hills has been inhabited for hundreds of generations (thousands of years). The area supported agriculture very early on. About 500 BC there was a shift to growing rice. This led to the development of urban areas. Because there were no stone quarries in the area houses were built of wood and mud (including adobe). Because of the monsoon climate very little evidence of the earliest inhabitants remains. From about 300 BC to the 1700s AD the Bengal delta saw the developm...
The Islamic faith took in shape foothold in the 13th century when it fell to Turkic armies. The last major Hindu Sena ruler was expelled from his capital at Nadia in Western Bengal in 1202, although lesser Sena rulers held sway for a short while after in Eastern Bengal. Bengal was loosely associated with the Delhi Sultanate, established in 1206, and paid a tribute in War elephants in order to maintain autonomy. In 1341 Bengal became independent from Delhi, and Dhaka was established as the sea...
For much of its history the area was simply just called Bengal and was considered a part of India. The last few centuries several foreign powers involved themselves with the area resulting in several wars. The 20th century brought more wars, genocide, and political states. Bengal was under British rule from 1757–1947. It was a part of British India. In 1947 East Bengal and the Dominion of Pakistan were separated from present-day Republic of India and thus formed a new birth of country named P...
The President, while Head of State, holds a largely ceremonial post, with the real power held by the Prime Minister, who is Head of Government. The president is elected by the legislature every 5 years and his normally limited powers are substantially expanded during the tenure of a Caretaker Government, mainly in controlling the transition to a new government. The prime minister is appointed by the president and must be a member of parliament (MP) whom the president feels commands the confidence of the majority of other MPs. The Cabinetis composed of ministers selected by the prime minister and appointed by the president. The unicameral Bangladeshi parliament is the House of the Nation or Jatiya Sangsad, whose 300 members are elected by popular vote from single territorial constituencies for five-year terms of office. The highest Judiciarybody is the Supreme Court, of which the chief justices and other judges are appointed by the president. After its independence from Pakistan, the...
Despite independence in 1971, Bangladesh is still a poor country and has problems with corruption and political troubles. Presently more than half of the people can read and write. Bangladesh has heavy cyclones and natural disasters, due to this many lives are often lost. The country is one of the most densely populated in the world. Cyclones are very common in the Bay of Bengal during the middle of the year, particularly in the south of country in areas like Sundarban, Chittagong, Cox's Bazaar, or in neighboring Myanmar and Republic of India. Despite the many storms, Bangladesh does not have a very effective storm prevention system, and cyclones usually inflict heavy damage.
Bangladesh is in the Ganges Delta. This is where the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna come together. Most parts of Bangladesh are less than 12 m (39.4 ft) above the sea level. The highest point in Bangladesh is in Mowdok range at 1,052 m (3,451 ft) in the Chittagong Hill Tracts to the southeast of the country. Cox's Bazar, south of the city of Chittagong, has a beach that is uninterrupted over 120 km (75 mi). A large part of the coastline is a marshy jungle, the Sundarbans. They are the largest mangroveforest in the world.
Bangladesh is divided into eight administrative divisions: Barisal (বরিশাল), Chittagong (চট্টগ্রাম), Dhaka (ঢাকা), Khulna (খুলনা), Rajshahi (রাজশাহী), Sylhet (সিলেট), and Rangpur(রংপুর). Divisions are divided into districts. There are 64 districts in Bangladesh. Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. Other major cities include Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Bogra, Comilla, Mymensingh and Rangpur. For more locations see List of settlements in Bangladesh.
The main religion in Bangladesh is Islam at (91.57%), while the second largest religion is Hinduism at (7.26%) as per 2021 religious projection by Bangladesh census Research authority. Most Muslims are Sunni. Islam was made the state religion in the 1988s in the country's constitution. Buddhists and Christianstogether make up 1% of the population. Bangladesh have a population of 174.3 million as per 2021 census official survey.
The earliest literary text in Bengali is the 8th century Charyapada. Medieval Bengali literature was often either religious or from other languages. The 19th century had poets such as Rabindranath Tagore, Michael Madhusudan Dutt and Kazi Nazrul Islam. The musical tradition of Bangladesh is lyrics-based with little instruments. Folk music is often accompanied by the ektara, an instrument with only one string. Bangladeshi dance forms are from folk traditions. Bangladesh makes about 80 films a year. Mainstream Hindi films are also quite popular.Around 200 daily newspapers are published in Bangladesh, along with more than 500 magazines. Rice and fish are traditional favorite foods. Biryaniis a favorite dish of Bangladeshis. The sariis by far the most widely worn dress by Bangladeshi women.The salwar kameez (shaloar kamiz) is also quite popular among especially the younger females, and In urban areas some women wear western attire. Among men, western attire is more widely worn. Eid ul-Fi...
Cricket is the most popular sport in Bangladesh. Next is football (soccer). The national cricket team was in their first Cricket World Cup in 1999. In 2011, Bangladesh successfully co-hosted the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 with India and Sri Lanka. Hadudu (kabaddi) is the national sport in Bangladesh. Other popular sports include field hockey, tennis, badminton, handball, basketball, volleyball, chess, shooting, angling, and carrom.Media related to Bangladeshat Wikimedia Commons
- Ethnic groups
Demographics of Bangladesh Bangladesh population pyramid in 2020 Population161,376,708 Growth rate0.98% Birth rate17.71 births/1,000 population Death rate5.54 deaths/1,000 population Life expectancy72.72 years • male71.1 years • female74.4 years Fertility rate2.00 children born/woman Infant mortality rate24.73 deaths/1,000 live births Age structure 0–14 years27.21% 15–64 years67.61% 65 and over5.18% Sex ratio Total0.97 male/female At birth104 male/ 100 female Under 15103 male/ 100...
The 2020 total population was 168,827,626 which makes Bangladesh the eighth-most populous country in the world.
The vast majority of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighboring Indian province of West Bengal. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Tripuri, Marma, Tanchangya, Barua, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Rakhine people, Garo, Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas. Communities of Persian and Iranic peoples mainly reside in the city of Chittagong and are the descendants of migrants that immigrated during the Pakistani dominion over Bangladesh, and also fro
- 17.71 births/1,000, population (2020 est.)
- 0.98% (2021 est.)
- 5.54 deaths/1,000, population (2020 est.)
- 161,376,708 (2018 est.)
Bangladesh is one of the fastest growing economies in the world as well as the fastest growing economy in South Asia. In the decade following 2004, Bangladesh averaged a GDP growth of 4.5%. This growth had been largely driven by its exports of ready made garments, remittances and the domestic agricultural sector.