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  1. British Hong Kong was a colony and dependent territory of the British Empire from 1841 to 1997, apart from a brief period under Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945.The colonial period began with the occupation of Hong Kong Island in 1841 during the First Opium War.

    • History

      In 1836, the Manchu Qing government undertook a major policy...

    • Government

      Hong Kong was a Crown colony of the United Kingdom and...

    • Economy

      The stability, security, and predictability of British law...

    • Culture

      During the 156 years of British rule, Hong Kong developed...

    • Dissent

      During China's turbulent 20th century, Hong Kong served as a...

  2. › wiki › Hong_KongHong Kong - Wikipedia

    Hong Kong was established as a colony of the British Empire after the Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island from Xin'an County at the end of the First Opium War in 1841 then again in 1842. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New ...

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    Is Hong Kong still owned by Britain?

    Why was Hong Kong important to the British Empire?

    Why did Hong Kong belong to Britain?

    What was the British rule like in Hong Kong?

    • History
    • Growth of Economy
    • Independent Commission Against Corruption
    • References
    • Other Websites

    Hong Kong was given by the Qing Dynasty to the British Empire in 1841 under the Treaty of Nanking. Kowloon was added to the area of Hong Kong in 1860 under the Convention of Peking, and New Territories was added in 1898 under the Second Convention of Peking. In 1941–1945, Hong Kong was ruled by the Japanese Empire during World War II. In 1984, People's Republic of China and the United Kingdom agreed under Sino-British Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kongthat Hong Kong was to be returned to China on 1 July 1997.

    During the Qing Dynasty, the British wanted to make Victoria Harbour the biggest harbour in East Asia. The British also wanted to grow its sea trade in the Far East through Victoria Harbor.20 years after the British took over Hong Kong, in 1861, this harbour was named Victoria Harbour, after the Queen of England at the time. The British also expanded the city on Hong Kong Island (香港岛). Hong Kong's economy today is very strong and always growing. It all would not have been possible, however, without the shipping, banking, merchants, and industrial growth from the British being there. The British Navy had an especially large role in shipping and protection of goods. During that time, the British Navy was stronger than any other navy in the world, and was able to protect the trade interests of the British Empire. After World War II had started, many merchant and banking businesses moved to Hong Kong, at the same time as the Industrial growth really took off.

    The Independent Commission Against Corruption(ICAC/廉政公署) was established in February 15, 1974. It Is a system that is self-standing, Independent and controlled only by the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Hong Kong Disciplined Services.Hong Kong Disciplined Services is a system include Hong Kong Police Force, Immigration Department, Customs and Excise Department, Fire Services Department, Correctional Services Department, Government Flying Service, Civil Aid Service and Auxiliary Medical Service. In the 1960’s through the 1970s, the population of Hong Kong had increased immensely alongside the sudden explosion of Hong Kong’s economy. The sudden growth unfortunately led to widespread corruption. When British Hong Kong faced this issue, their government had to focus on maintaining the order of society. Since its inception in 1974, ICAC had used a “three-pronged approach” to tackle corruption in each of the three branches of government. Three prong...

    ↑ Endacott, G. B.; Carroll, John M. (2005) [1962]. A biographical sketch-book of early Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-962-209-742-1.
    ↑ Vines, Stephen (3 January 1997). "A lease no one thought would run out". The Independent. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
    ↑ July 5, 2017. "Discovery". Cathay Pacific.
    ↑ "About ICA-Brief History".

    "Official website of the British Hong Kong Government". Archived from the originalon 24 December 1996. Retrieved 2013-03-26.

    • Overview
    • Role
    • History

    The British Consulate-General Hong Kong, located at 1 Supreme Court Road, Admiralty, Hong Kong Island, is one of the largest British Consulates-General in the world and is bigger than many British Embassies and High Commissions. It is responsible for maintaining British ties with Hong Kong and Macau. Together with the Consulate General of the United States of America, Hong Kong and Macau, the Consulate General of Malaysia, and the Consulate General of the Republic of Indonesia, the British Consu

    Due to Hong Kong's status as a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Consul-General in Hong Kong reports directly to the China Department of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, instead of to the British Ambassador in Beijing, unlike Consuls-General in mainland China. The Consulate-General in Hong Kong also serves Macau, with several diplomats accredited specifically to Macau. The Consulate-General was also the Regional Passport Processing Centre, handling passport

    When Hong Kong was under British rule, the Governor represented the British government, as well as the British monarch as head of state. Matters relating to British nationality were handled by the Hong Kong Immigration Department. During the negotiations between Britain and China on the future of Hong Kong, the British proposed the establishment of a "British Commissioner" following transfer of sovereignty to China. Some of the diplomatic representatives of Commonwealth countries in Hong Kong we

  4. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. British Empire portal. Wikimedia Commons has media related to British Hong Kong. British Hong Kong — former British colony in Hong Kong from 1841 to 1997, excluding the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong (1941−1945).

    • Overview
    • Early colonial era
    • After the Sino-British Joint Declaration
    • Chinese view on nationality of Hong Kong residents
    • Recent groups eligible for a form of British nationality
    • Future of the British National (Overseas) status: Lord Goldsmith's citizenship review in 2008

    British nationality law as it pertains to Hong Kong has been unusual ever since Hong Kong became a British colony in 1842. From its beginning as a sparsely populated trading port to today's cosmopolitan international financial centre and world city of over seven million people, the territory has attracted refugees, immigrants and expatriates alike searching for a new life. Citizenship matters were complicated by the fact that British nationality law treated those born in Hong Kong as British sub

    English common law has the rationale of natural-born citizenship, following the principle of jus soli, in the theory that people born within the dominion of The Crown, which included self-governing dominions and Crown colonies, would have a "natural allegiance" to the Crown as a "debt of gratitude" to the Crown for protecting them through infancy. As the dominion of the British Empire expanded, British subjects included not only persons within the United Kingdom but also those throughout the res

    Negotiation concerning the future of Hong Kong started in the late 1970s between Britain and China. With the signing of the Sino-British Joint Declaration on 19 December 1984, the future of Hong Kong was set, with China to assume sovereignty of the entire territory of Hong Kong on 1 July 1997. At that time, there were some 3.5 million residents of Hong Kong with BDTC status by virtue of their connection with Hong Kong. Another 2 million were believed to have been eligible to apply to become BDTC

    The Chinese government stated in its memorandum of the Sino-British Joint Declaration on December 19, 1984 that under the Chinese nationality law, "all Hong Kong Chinese compatriots, whether they are holders of the 'British Dependent Territories Citizens' Passport' or not, are Chinese nationals". In 1990, when the Gulf War started, the Chinese embassy provided a proof of Chinese citizenship to a Hong Kong Chinese businessman in Kuwait holding a BDTC passport and helped him evacuate. Chinese nati

    In February 2006, in response to representations made by Lord Avebury and Tameem Ebrahim, British authorities announced that six hundred British citizenship applications of ethnic minority children of Indian descent from Hong Kong were wrongly refused. The applications dated from

    Recent changes to India's Citizenship Act, 1955 provide that Indian citizenship by descent can no longer be acquired automatically at the time of birth. This amendment will also allow some children of Indian origin born in Hong Kong after 3 December 2004 who have a BN or BOC pare

    Recent clarification of Nepal citizenship law has meant a number of persons born in Hong Kong who failed to renounce their British nationality before the age of 21 and were previously thought to be citizens of Nepal are in fact solely British. The British Government has recently

    Lord Goldsmith discussed the BN issue in his citizenship review in 2008. He regarded the BN status as "anomalous" in the history of British nationality law, but saw no alternative to preserving this status. However, Goldsmith stated in February 2020: “I want to make it clear: I never intended my report on citizenship to be a statement on any opinion by me that there would be a breach of the arrangements with China if the UK were to offer greater rights,” he said. “I do not see why the ...

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