The service derived from the Secret Service Bureau, which was founded on 1 October 1909. The Bureau was a joint initiative of the Admiralty and the War Office to control secret intelligence operations in the UK and overseas, particularly concentrating on the activities of the Imperial German government.
The Secret Service Bureau was founded in 1909 as a joint initiative of the Admiralty and the War Office to control secret intelligence operations in the UK and overseas, particularly concentrating on the activities of the Imperial German government. The Bureau was split into naval and army sections which, over time, specialised in foreign ...
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The Secret Intelligence Service ( SIS ), commonly known as MI6, is the United Kingdom 's intelligence agency which collects intelligence about foreign countries. It is a branch of the Foreign Service, and reports to the Joint Intelligence Committee . The service was formed in 1909 as the Secret Service Bureau, but its existence was not ...
William Melville. William Melville (1850–1918), the head of Scotland Yard's Special Branch and later the first chief of the British Secret Service Bureau. Born. 25 April 1850. Sneem, County Kerry, Ireland. Died. 1 February 1918. (1918-02-01)
The Security Service is derived from the Secret Service Bureau, founded in 1909; 112 years ago (), and concentrating originally on the activities of the Imperial German government as a joint initiative of the Admiralty and the War Office.
By Professor Christopher Andrew, author of "The Defence of the Realm".. The Security Service (MI5) and the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS or MI6) began operations in October 1909 as a single organization, the Secret Service Bureau, staffed initially by only two officers: the fifty-year-old Royal Navy Commander Mansfield Cumming and an Army captain fourteen years his junior, Vernon Kell.
Prior to being appointed to run the Secret Service Bureau (SSB), he was working on boom defences in Bursledon on the River Hamble.  He added the surname Cumming after his marriage in 1889 to Leslie Marian Valiant-Cumming, heiress of Logie near Forres in the County of Moray .
Sidney George Reilly MC (/ ˈ r aɪ l i /; c. 1873 – 5 November 1925) — known as "Ace of Spies" — was a Russian-born adventurer and secret agent employed by Scotland Yard's Special Branch and later by the Foreign Section of the British Secret Service Bureau, the precursor to the modern British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6/SIS).
The Secret Service Bureau was split into Home and Foreign Sections and Mansfield Cumming, a 50-year-old Royal Navy officer, was chosen to lead the latter. He was an unusual choice, having neither intelligence experience nor linguistic skills. But he was recommended for the role due to ‘special qualifications’.