In the United States Army, Marine Corps, Air Force and Space Force, colonel ( / ˈkɜːrnəl /) is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and just below the rank of brigadier general. It is equivalent to the naval rank of captain in the other uniformed services.
- Brigadier General
In the United States Armed Forces, a brigadier general is a...
The insignia for a colonel is a silver eagle which is a...
The United States rank of colonel is a direct successor to...
- Brigadier General
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The term colonel is also used as a title for auctioneers in the United States; there are a variety of theories or folk etymologies to explain the use of the term. One of these is the claim that during the American Civil War goods seized by armies were sold at auction by the colonel of the division.
- 19th Century
- 20th Century
- 21st Century
- Honorary Colonels
The insignia for a colonel is a silver eagle which is a stylized representation of the eagle dominating the Great Seal of the United States (which is the coat of arms of the United States). As on the Great Seal, the eagle has a U.S. shield superimposed on its chest and is holding an olive branch and bundle of arrows in its talons. However, in simplification of the Great Seal image, the insignia lacks the scroll in the eagle's mouth and the rosetteabove its head. On the Great Seal, the olive branch is always clutched in the eagle's right-side talons, while the bundle of arrows is always clutched in the left-side talons. The head of the eagle faces towards the olive branch, rather than the arrows, advocating peace rather than war. As a result, the head of the eagle always faces towards the viewer's left. However, when worn as a single insignia with no matching pair, such as on the patrol cap, garrison cap/flight cap, or the front of the Army AC...
The United States rank of colonel is a direct successor to the same rank in the British Army. The first colonels in the U.S. were appointed from Colonial militias maintained as reserves to the British Army in the North American colonies. Upon the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, colonial legislatures would grant commissions to men to raise a regimentand serve as its colonel. Thus, the first U.S. colonels were usually respected men with ties in local communities and active in politics. With the post-war reduction of the U.S. Army, the rank of colonel disappeared, and was not re-introduced until 1802. The first insignia for the rank of colonel consisted of gold epaulettes worn on the blue uniform of the Continental Army. The first recorded use of the eagle insignia was in 1805 as this insignia was made official in uniform regulations by 1810.
The rank of colonel was relatively rare in the early 19th century, partly because the U.S. Army was very small, and the rank was usually obtained only after long years of service. During the War of 1812the Army grew rapidly and many colonels were appointed, but most of these colonels were discharged when their regiments were disbanded at the war's conclusion. A number of other colonels were appointed by brevet – an honorary promotion usually for distinguished service in combat. The American Civil War saw a large influx of colonels as the rank was commonly held in both the Confederate army and Union Army by those who commanded a regiment. Since most regiments were state formations and were quickly raised, the colonels in command of the regiments were known by the title "Colonel of Volunteers," in contrast to Regular Armycolonels who held permanent commissions. During the Civil War, the Confederate Army maintained a unique insig...
World War I and World War II saw the largest numbers of colonels ever appointed in the U.S. military. This was mostly due to the temporary ranks of the National Army and the Army of the United States, where those who would normally hold the rank of Captainin the peacetime Regular Army were thrust into the rank of colonel during these two wars. The Military Promotion System was revised and standardized for all the services in 1980 as a result of passage of the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act.
Modern U.S. colonels usually command Army infantry, artillery, armor, aviation or other types of brigades, USMC regiments, Marine Expeditionary Units or Marine Aircraft Groups, and USAF groups or wings. An Army colonel typically commands brigade-sized units (4,000 to 6,000 soldiers), with another colonel or a lieutenant colonel as deputy commander, a major as executive officer, and a command sergeant major as a senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) advisor. An Air Force colonel typically commands a wing consisting of 1,000 to 4,000+ airmen with another colonel as the vice commander and a Chief Master Sergeant (a “Command Chief”) as principal senior NCO enlisted adviser. Some USAF colonels are commanders of groups, which are the major components of wings. Colonels are also found as the chief of staff at divisional level-(Army) or Numbered Air Force-level staff agencies. In the modern armed forces, the colonel's eagle is wor...
Some people known as "colonels" are actually recipients of honorary colonel ranks from a state governor and are not officers of the U.S. military. In the 19th century, the honorary colonels were military appointments and they still are nominally appointed to a governor's staff, but without military rights or duties. Famous honorary colonels include Colonel Harland Sanders of KFC fame, a Kentucky colonel; Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley's manager, who received the honor from a Louisiana governor; and Edward M. House, known as Colonel House, a Texas honorary colonel and adviser to President Woodrow Wilson.
Colonel. A colonel is a rank of officer in the military. It is usually the highest or second highest rank before general and Field Marshal, but many of the countries represents this post as the highest military officer like Gambia, Libya, Niger, Suriname etc. . A colonel is usually in charge of a regiment . The word comes from the Latin word ...
- Modern usage
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Space Force, lieutenant colonel is a field grade officer rank, just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel. It is equivalent to the naval rank of commander in the other uniformed services. The pay grade for the rank of lieutenant colonel is O-5. In the United States armed forces, the insignia for the rank are a silver oak leaf, with slight stylized differences between the version of the Army and the Air For
The U.S. Army uses the three letter abbreviation "LTC," while the Marine Corps and Air Force use the abbreviations of "LtCol" and "Lt Col", respectively. These abbreviation formats are also outlined in The Naval Institute Guide to Naval Writing and in Air Force Handbook 33-337, The Tongue and Quill. The United States Government Publishing Office recommends the abbreviation "LTC" for U.S. Army usage, "LtCol" for Marine Corps usage, and "Lt. Col." for the Air Force. The Associated Press Stylebook
The rank of lieutenant colonel has existed in the British Army since at least the 16th century and was used in both American colonial militia and colonial regular regiments. The Continental Army continued the British and colonial use of the rank of lieutenant colonel, as the second-in-command to a colonel commanding a regiment. The lieutenant colonel was sometimes known as "lieutenant to the colonel." In British practice, regiments were actually commanded by their lieutenant colonels, as the col
In the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel typically commands a battalion- or squadron-sized unit, with a major as executive officer and a command sergeant major or sergeant major as principal non-commissioned officer or senior enlisted adviser. A lieutenant colonel may also serve as a brigade/brigade combat team, regiment/regimental combat team, Marine Aviation Group, Marine Expeditionary Unit, or battalion task force executive officer. Lieutenant colonel
- War Time Colonel
- Removing Content
- Jeff Cooper
- Famous Colonel's
- Rank Insignia?
- Education of Colonels at SSC
- External Links Modified
A question was raised about the war time reversal of the Colonel insignia. I've talked to several O-6s in my own military service who state that this is a tradition if the U.S. ever was in a declared war (last time that actually happened was in 1941). Ive also seen photographs from World War II, through my work at NPRC that show Colonel's reversing the insignia. I dont know exactly how to cite a source, since its verbal and photographic, but thats where the info comes from. -Husnock20:32, 20 December 2005 (UTC) 1. LT, I am a Colonel, and in my entire military career in peace and war I've never heard of this. A picture of a WWII Colonel with no documentation doesn't prove much. I've got plenty of pictures of WWII Colonels wearing their eagles correctly. Why don't you take a week to find a source, and if you do then I'll leave this alone. Otherwise, I'm back to my edits. Best wishes and Merry Christmas. Ordrestjean05:42, 21 December 2005 (UTC) 1. Time's up. Edit made. Hope you had a g...
If you remove factual content, give a reason why, or I'll revert your edit. Thanks. Gelston07:54, 6 December 2006 (UTC)
I believe the late Jeff Cooper was a lieutenant colonel, not a full bird colonel. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk • contribs) 16:21, 30 March 2007 (UTC)
There is a Colonel listed as having fought in Korea and Vietnam by the name of Edward Fitzgerald, but it links to a disambiguation page and none of the Edward Fitzgeralds on that page link to anyone who fought in Korea or Vietnam, or anyone who was alive during those periods, unless i am missing something here I feel that name should be removed. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Kasedase (talk • contribs) 05:32, 2 January 2011 (UTC)
The thumbnail caption for the rank insignia in the article mentions that the Colonel/Captain eagle's design varies between the services. May somebody clarify as to what these differences are? Would be nice to have in the article. Thanks! Illegitimate Barrister (talk) 05:16, 31 January 2013 (UTC) 1. It's covered in the second paragraph of the "Insignia" section. Essentially, it has to do with which way the eagle is facing, and which sides the olive branches and arrowheads are on. Regards, AzureCitizen (talk) 05:24, 31 January 2013 (UTC) 1.1. Okay, thanks for the info! Illegitimate Barrister (talk) 19:29, 31 January 2013 (UTC)
The entry seemed to tell only half the story and gave the impression that Air Force Colonels all went to school whereas colonels in other branches of service did not. So, I added the marine colonels to the list because they attend a Marine Corps institution at times and at other times attend Naval, Air Force, Army War college etc. per the citation I provided. The bottom line is that most colonels attend a Service War College or a National Defense University alternative. There are other ways to achieve this credential, but these are the main routes. I believe that all colonels are expected to go through this education; however, there may be cases where senior leaders decline to go to school and leave the service without leaving their rank behind. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Mthibode (talk • contribs) 16:53, 7 December 2015 (UTC)
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- 19th Century
- 20th Century
- Modern Rank
- Honorary Colonels
- Famous American Colonels
The insignia for a colonel is a silver eagle which is a stylized representation of the eagle dominating the Great Seal of the United States (which is the coat of arms of the United States). As on the Great Seal, the eagle has a U.S. shield superimposed on its chest and is holding an olive branch and bundle of arrows in its talons. However, in simplification of the Great Seal image, the insignia lacks the scroll in the eagle's mouth and the starry rosetteabove its head. On the Great Seal, the olive branch is always clutched in the eagle's right-side talons, while the bundle of arrows is always clutched in the left-side talons. The head of the eagle faces towards the olive branch, rather than the arrows, advocating peace rather than war. As a result, the head of the eagle always faces towards the viewer's left. Among all branches of the uniformed services, the rank insignia of the silver eagle is ordinarily worn in matching mirrored pairs, such as on the left and right collar or left...
The United States rank of colonel is a direct successor to the same rank in the British Army. The first colonels in America were appointed from Colonial militias maintained as reserves to the British Army in the American colonies. Upon the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, colonial legislatures would grant commissions to men to raise a regimentand serve as its colonels. Thus, the first American colonels were usually respected men with ties in local communities and active in politics. Such was the origin of the term "soldier and statesman." The first insignia for the rank of colonel consisted of gold epaulettes worn on the blue uniform of the Continental Army. The first recorded use of the eagle insignia was in 1805 as this insignia was made official in uniform regulations by 1810.
The rank of colonel was relatively rare in the early 19th century, due in part that the Army was very small in size and the rank of Colonel was usually obtained only after long years of service. During the War of 1812, many temporary Colonels were appointed but these commissions were either considered brevetranks or the commissions were canceled at the war’s conclusion. The American Civil War saw a large influx of Colonels as the rank was commonly held in both the Confederate Army and Union Army by those who commanded a regiment. Since most regiments were state formations and were quickly raised, the Colonels in command were known by the title "Colonel of Volunteers," in contrast to Regular ArmyColonels who held ranks from the "old school" of the professional army before the Civil War. During the Civil War, the Confederate Army maintained a unique insignia for Colonel being that of three stars worn on the collar of a uniform. Robert E. Lee wore this insignia in respect to his former...
World War I and World War II saw the largest numbers of Colonels ever appointed in the United States armed forces. This was mostly due to the temporary ranks of the National Army and the Army of the United States, where those who would normally hold the rank of Captainin the peacetime Regular Army were thrust into the rank of Colonel during these two wars. It was also during World War I that a tradition developed in that Colonels would wear the eagle insignia with the head pointing outwards from the neck as if to “face the enemy”. This was in contrast to the Army uniform regulations of the time, which stated that the eagle would be worn on the left collar, with the beak of the eagle facing inwards towards the wearer’s neck. Photographic evidence and service records from the Military Personnel Records Center indicate that this tradition lasted into World War II, after which time more strict uniform regulations prevented Colonels from reversing the insignia in this fashion. The United...
Modern American colonels usually command infantry brigades, USAF groups or wings, and USMC regiments. An Army colonel typically commands brigade-sized units (3,000 to 5,000 Soldiers), with a Command Sergeant Major as a senior non-commissioned officer advisor. An Air Force colonel typically commands a wing consisting of 1,000 to 3,000 airmen with a Command Chief Master Sergeant as principal NCO adviser. Some Colonels are commanders of groups, which are the major components of wings. Colonels are also found as the chief of staff at divisional level-(Army) or Numbered Air Force-level staff agencies. In the modern armed forces, the colonel's eagle is worn facing inwards with head and beak pointing towards the wearer's neck. Of all U.S. military commissioned officer rank, only the colonel's eagle has a distinct right and left insignia. All other commissioned officer rank insignia can be worn on either the right or left side. Colonels are sometimes referred to (but not addressed) as full-...
Some people known as "colonels" are actually recipients of honorary colonel ranks from a state governor and are not military officers. Famous honorary colonels include Colonel Harland Sanders of KFC fame, a Kentucky colonel; Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley's manager, who received the honor from a Louisiana governor; Edward M. House, known as "Colonel House," a Texas honorary colonel and adviser to President Woodrow Wilson; and Kentucky Colonels Bill and Nancy Newsom, a father-daughter pair well known for their traditionally cured country hams.Henry Knox—As colonel of the Continental Regiment of Artillery in 1776, he brought guns from Ft. Ticonderoga to Dorchester Heights, forcing the British out of Boston the next morning. Later, Presid...Charlie Beckwith—Founder of 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta, the Army's elite top-secret special forcesdetachment.William Moultrie—Defended Ft. Sullivan (later to be named Ft. Moultrie in honor of the colonel) against British attack in 1776; his regiment was later absorbed by the Continental Army, and he was p...Wesley L. Fox—United States Marine Corps recipient of the Medal of Honor.
- Lieutenant Colonel Ranks by Country
- Lieutenant Colonel Equivalents
- See Also
The following articles deal with the rank of lieutenant colonel (or its equivalent) 1. Lieutenant-colonel (Canada) 2. Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom) 3. Lieutenant colonel (United States) 4. Lieutenant-colonel (France) (in French)Azerbaijan – Polkovnik leytenantAfghanistan — Dagarman(دګرمن)Albania — Nënkolonel
- World War I
- Interwar Period
- World War II
- Cold War
- Post-Cold War Era
- Current Structure
- See Also
The First Expeditionary Division, later designated the 1st Infantry Division, was constituted on 24 May 1917, in the Regular Army, and was organized on 8 June 1917, at Fort Jay, on Governors Island in New York harbor under the command of Brigadier General William L. Sibert, from Army units then in service on the Mexico–United States border and at various Army posts throughout the United States. The original table of organization and equipment (TO&E) included two organic infantry brigades of two infantry regiments each, one engineer battalion; one signal battalion; one trench mortar battery; one field artillery brigade of three field artillery regiments; one air squadron; and a full division train. The total authorized strength of this TO&E was 18,919 officers and enlisted men. George S. Patton, who served as the first headquarters commandant for the American Expeditionary Forces, oversaw much of the arrangements for the movement of the 1st Division to France, and their organization...
The 1st Division returned to the continental U.S. in September 1919, demobilized its war-time TO&E at Camp Zachary Taylor at Louisville, Kentucky, and then returned to New York, with its headquarters located at Fort Hamilton in Brooklyn. On 7 October 1920, the 1st Division organized under the peacetime TO&E, which included two organic infantry brigades of two infantry regiments each, one engineer regiment; one observation squadron; one field artillery brigade of two field artillery regiments; one medical regiment; one division quartermaster train; and a special troops command replacing the remainder of the division train. The total authorized strength of this TO&E was 19,385. 1st Division was one of three infantry divisions and one cavalry division that was authorized to remain at full peacetime strength. It was the only Regular Army division assigned to the Second Corps Area, which also included the 27th Infantry Division of the New York National Guard; the 44th Infantry Division o...
Order of battle
1. Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division 2. 16th Infantry Regiment 3. 18th Infantry Regiment 4. 26th Infantry Regiment 5. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery 5.1. 5th Field Artillery Battalion (155 mm) 5.2. 7th Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm) 5.3. 32nd Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm) 5.4. 33rd Field Artillery Battalion (105 mm) 6. 1st Engineer Combat Battalion 7. 1st Medical Battalion 8. 1st Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized) 9. Headquarters, Spec...
Shortly after the German invasion of Poland, beginning World War II in Europe, the 1st Infantry Division, under Major General Walter Short, was moved to Fort Benning, Georgia, on 19 November 1939 where it supported the U.S. Army Infantry School as part of American mobilization preparations. It then moved to the Sabine Parish, Louisiana area on 11 May 1940 to participate in the Louisiana Maneuvers. The division next relocated to Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn on 5 June 1940, where it spent over six m...
1. Total battle casualties:20,659 (15,374 in Europe, 5,285 in North Africa and Sicily) 2. Killed in action:3,616 (2,713 in Europe, 903 in North Africa and Sicily) 3. Wounded in action:15,208 (11,527 in Europe, 3,681 in North Africa and Sicily) 4. Missing in action:499 (329 in Europe, 170 in North Africa and Sicily) 5. Prisoner of war:1,336 (805 in Europe, 531 in North Africa and Sicily) 6. Days of Combat:443
During the Korean War, the Big Red One was assigned to occupation duty in Germany, while acting as a strategic deterrent against Soviet designs on Europe. 1st Infantry Division troops secured the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials and later transported seven convicted Nazi war criminals to Spandau Prisonin Berlin. In 1955, the division colors left Germany and were relocated to Fort Riley, Kansas.
Following its return from Germany, the 1st Infantry Division established headquarters at Fort Riley, Kansas. Its troops reorganized and trained for war at Fort Riley and at other posts.In 1962 and 1963, four 1st Infantry Division Pentomic battle groups (2nd Battle Group, 12th Infantry; 1st Battle Group, 13th Infantry; 1st Battle Group, 28th Infantry; and 2d Battle Group, 26th Infantry) rotated, in turn, to West Berlin, Germany to augment the U.S. Army's Berlin Brigade during an international...
The division fought in the Vietnam War from 1965 to 1970.Arriving in July 1965, the division began combat operations within two weeks. By the end of 1965 the division had participated in three major operations: Hump, Bushmaster 1 and Bushmaster II, under the command of MG Jonathan O. Seaman. In 1966, the division took part in Operation Marauder, Operation Crimp II and Operation Rolling Stone, all in the early part of the year. In March, Major General William E. DePuy took command. In June and...
First Gulf War
The division, commanded by Major General Thomas G. Rhame, also participated in Operation Desert Storm. The division's two maneuver brigades from Fort Riley were rounded out by the addition of two tank battalions (2nd and 3rd, 66th Armor), an infantry battalion (1-41st Infantry), and a field artillery battalion (4-3 FA) from 2nd Armored Division (Forward) in Germany. The division played a significant role in the Battle of Norfolk. Specific combat arms and combat support units of the 3rd Battal...
The divisional cavalry squadron, 1st Squadron 4th US Cavalry deployed to Bosnia as part of the initial IFOR mission from January to December 1996. The Squadron was based in Camp Alicia near the town of Kalesija. 2nd (Dagger) Brigade Combat Team deployed to Bosnia as part of IFOR (and subsequent SFOR) from October 1996 to April 1997. 2nd Brigade was replaced by elements from the 3rd Brigade and the division's aviation brigade. Units from the 1st (Devil) Brigade Combat Team also deployed to Bos...
Iraq 2003 and 2004
In January 2003, the division headquarters deployed to Turkey to command and control Army Forces Turkey (ARFOR-T) with a mission to receive and move the 4th Infantry Division across Turkey and into Northern Iraq. The task organization included HHC Division, 1–4 Cavalry, 1–26 Infantry, 1–6 Field Artillery, 2-1 Aviation, HHC Engineer Brigade, 9th Engineers, HHC DISCOM, 701 Main Support Battalion, 601 Aviation Support Battalion, 4-3 Air Defense Artillery, 101 Military Intelligence Battalion, 121...
No credible source states how the insignia of the 1st Infantry Division originated in World War I. There are two theories as to how the idea of the patch came about. The first theory states that the 1st Division supply trucks were manufactured in England. To make sure the 1st Division's trucks were not confused with other allies, the drivers would paint a huge "1" on the side of each truck. Later, the division engineers would go even farther and put a red number one on their sleeves. The second theory claims that a general of the division decided the unit should have a shoulder insignia. He decided to cut a red numeral "1" from his flannel underwear. When he showed his prototype to his men, one lieutenant said, "the general's underwear is showing!" Offended, the general challenged the young lieutenant to come up with something better. So, the young officer cut a piece of gray cloth from the uniform of a captured soldier, and placed the red "1" on top.
The 1st Infantry Division Band (abbreviated as the 1ID Band and often known as the Big Red One Band) is the musical ambassador for the division that performs for military ceremonies at Fort Riley and the surrounding communities in the Midwest. The 38-member band contains the Concert Wind Ensemble, the Marching Band, a Seated Ceremonial Band as well as other specialized ensembles. The band was notably involved in the Thunder Road incident in Vietnam, during which Major General John Hay ordered...
According to the 1st Infantry Division history, the song was composed in 1943 by Captain Donald T. Kellett, who retired after a 30-year career as a colonel and died in 1991.
1st Infantry Division consists of the following elements: a division headquarters and headquarters battalion, two armored brigade combat teams, a division artillery, a combat aviation brigade, a sustainment brigade, and a combat sustainment support battalion. The field artillery battalions remain attached to their brigade combat teams. Division Headquarters and Headquarters Battalion (DHHB) 1. Headquarters and Support Company 2. Signal, Intelligence and Sustainment Company 3. 1st Infantry Division Band 4. Commanding General's Mounted Color Guard 5. 19th Public Affairs Detachment (PAD) 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) (Devil Brigade) 1. Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) 2. 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment Quarter-horse 3. 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment Iron Rangers 4. 2nd Battalion, 34th Armor Regiment Dreadnaughts 5. 3rd Battalion, 66th Armor Regiment Burt's Knights 6. 1st Battalion, 5th Field Artillery Regiment (FAR) Hamilton's Own 7. 1st Brigade Engineer B...The Big Red One (1980), a movie about the division's experiences in World War II written by Samuel Fullerwho served in the division during World War II.Iraq Assistance Group, a former joint command coordinating the coalition military transition teammission in Iraq which was formed from the 1st Infantry Division.Call of Duty 2: Big Red One, an expansion for the first-person shooter video game Call of Duty 2with a focus on the division's operations in World War II.
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document: "1st Infantry Division Honors".
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