The United States Constitution has served as the supreme law of the United States since taking effect in 1789. The document was written at the 1787 Philadelphia Convention and was ratified through a series of state conventions held in 1787 and 1788.
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Since 1787, Congress has written 33 amendments to change the Constitution, but the states have ratified only 27 of them. The first ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights. They were argued over during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, but it wasn't until 1791 that they were ratified by two-thirds of the states.These ten additions or changes all limited the power of the federal government. They are: After the Bill of Rights, there are 17 more changes to the Constitution that were made at different times.
1. Mayflower Compact 2. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 3. Massachusetts Body of Liberties 4. English Bill of Rights 5. Federalist Papers 6. United States Bill of Rights
1. Alexander Hamilton 2. Gouverneur Morris 3. John Jay 4. James Madison 5. John Marshall 6. Thomas PaineAmar, Akhil Reed (2005). "In the Beginning". America's Constitution: A Biography. New York: Random House. ISBN 1-4000-6262-4.Bailyn, Bernard, ed. The Debate on the Constitution: Federalist and Antifederalist Speeches, Articles, and Letters During the Struggle for Ratification. Part One: September 1787 to February 1788 (T...Bailyn, Bernard, ed. The Debate on the Constitution: Federalist and Antifederalist Speeches, Articles, and Letters During the Struggle for Ratification. Part Two: January to August 1788 (The Librar...Edling, Max M. (2003). A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514870-3.
1. The National Archives Experience — Constitution of the United States 2. The National Archives Experience — High Resolution Downloads of the Charters of Freedom 3. Full text of U.S. Constitution 4. Full text of The Bill of Rights 5. Full text of the amendments
Official U.S. government sources
1. Analysis and Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States Archived 2006-12-06 at the Wayback Machine: Annotated constitution, with descriptions of important cases (official publication of U.S. Senate) 2. United States Constitution and related resources: Library of Congress 3. CIA World Fact Book
Non-government web sites
1. US Constitution[permanent dead link]in basic English 2. US Law Dictionary Archived 2006-08-12 at the Wayback Machine 3. Audio version of US Constitution: free mp3 download 4. The Constitution Society: Research and public education on the principles of constitutional republican government 4.1. Text of the constitution 5. Law about...the Constitution: An overview of constitutional law from the Legal Information Institute 6. The U.S. Constitution Online: Full text of Constitution, with some h...
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first constitution of the United States. It was drafted by the Second Continental Congress from mid-1776 through late 1777, and ratification by all 13 states was completed by early 1781. The Articles of Confederation gave little power to the central government.
Thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution have been proposed by the United States Congress and sent to the states for ratification since the Constitution was put into operation on March 4, 1789. Twenty-seven of these, having been ratified by the requisite number of states, are part of the Constitution.No.SubjectRatification(proposed)Ratification(completed)Protects freedom of religion, freedom of ...September 25, 1789December 15, 1791Protects the right to keep and bear armsSeptember 25, 1789December 15, 1791Restricts the quartering of soldiers in ...September 25, 1789December 15, 1791Prohibits unreasonable searches and ...September 25, 1789December 15, 1791
Article Two of the United States Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, which carries out and enforces federal laws.Article Two vests the power of the executive branch in the office of the president of the United States, lays out the procedures for electing and removing the president, and establishes the president's powers and responsibilities.
- Section 1: Federal courts
- Section 2: Judicial power, jurisdiction, and trial by jury
- Section 3: Treason
Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government. Under Article Three, the judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court of the United States, as well as lower courts created by Congress. Article Three empowers the courts to handle cases or controversies arising under federal law, as well as other enumerated areas. Article Three also defines treason. Section 1 of Article Three vests the judicial power of the United States in the Supreme Co
Section 1 is one of the three vesting clauses of the United States Constitution, which vests the judicial power of the United States in federal courts, requires a supreme court, allows inferior courts, requires good behavior tenure for judges, and prohibits decreasing the salaries of judges.
Section 2 delineates federal judicial power, and brings that power into execution by conferring original jurisdiction and also appellate jurisdiction upon the Supreme Court. Additionally, this section requires trial by jury in all criminal cases, except impeachment cases.
Main article: Treason laws in the United States Iva Toguri, known as Tokyo Rose, and Tomoya Kawakita were two Japanese Americans who were tried for treason after World War II. Section 3 defines treason and limits its punishment. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in op