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  1. Democracia - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracia

    La democracia (del latín tardío democratĭa, y este del griego δημοκρατία dēmokratía) 1 es una manera de organización social que atribuye la titularidad del poder al conjunto de la ciudadanía.

  2. Democracia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracia

    Democracia (Amharic: ዴሞክራሲያ, 'Democracy') is the organ of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party. It was launched as a clandestine weekly newspaper in July 1974, as the Central Committee of the Ethiopian People's Liberation Organization (as the EPRP was known at the time) returned to Ethiopia from exile.

    • July 1974
    • Amharic
  3. People also ask

    What do you mean by Democracia Real YA?

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  4. Democracia – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

    pt.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracia
    • Características
    • História
    • Tipos
    • Direito Ao Voto
    • Problemas
    • Ligações Externas

    Não existe consenso sobre a forma correta de definir a democracia, mas a igualdade, a liberdade e o Estado de direito foram identificadas como características importantes desde os tempos antigos.[7][8] Estes princípios são refletidos quando todos os cidadãos elegíveis são iguais perante a lei e têm igual acesso aos processos legislativos. Por exemplo, em uma democracia representativa, cada voto tem o mesmo peso, não existem restrições excessivas sobre quem quer se tornar um representante, além da liberdade de seus cidadãos elegíveis ser protegida por direitos legitimados e que são tipicamente protegidos por uma constituição.[9][10] Uma teoria sustenta que a democracia exige três princípios fundamentais: 1) a soberania reside nos níveis mais baixos de autoridade; 2) igualdade política e 3) normas sociais pelas quais os indivíduos e as instituições só consideram aceitáveis atos que refletem os dois primeiros princípios citados.[11] O termo democracia às vezes é usado como uma abreviaç...

    Origens na antiguidade

    O termo "democracia" apareceu pela primeira vez no antigo pensamento político e filosófico grego na cidade-Estado de Atenas durante a antiguidade clássica.[21][22] Liderados por Clístenes, os atenienses estabeleceram o que é geralmente tido como a primeira experiência democrática em 508-507 a.C. Clístenes é referido como "o pai da democracia ateniense".[23] A democracia ateniense tomou a forma de uma democracia direta e tinha duas características distintivas: a seleção aleatória de cidadãos c...

    Era contemporânea

    As transições do século XX para a democracia liberal vieram em sucessivas "ondas" de democracia, diversas vezes resultantes de guerras, revoluções, descolonização e por circunstâncias religiosas e econômicas. A Primeira Guerra Mundial e a subsequente dissolução dos impérios Otomano e Austro-Húngaro resultou na criação de novos Estados-nação da Europa, a maior parte deles, pelo menos nominalmente, democráticos. Na década de 1920 a democracia floresceu, mas a Grande Depressão trouxe desencanto...

    A democracia tem tomado diferentes formas de governo, tanto na teoria quanto na prática. Algumas variedades de democracia proporcionam uma melhor representação e maior liberdade para seus cidadãos do que outras.[44][45] No entanto, se qualquer democracia não está estruturada de forma a proibir o governo de excluir as pessoas do processo legislativo, ou qualquer agência do governo de alterar a separação de poderes em seu próprio favor, em seguida, um ramo do sistema político pode acumular muito poder e destruir o ambiente democrático.[46][47][48]

    O voto, também chamado de sufrágio censitário, é típico do Estado liberal(século XIX) e exigia que os seus titulares atendessem certas exigências tais como pagamento de imposto direto; proprietário de propriedade fundiária e usufruir de certa renda. No passado muitos grupos foram excluídos do direito de voto, em vários níveis. Algumas vezes essa exclusão é uma política bastante aberta, claramente descrita nas leis eleitorais; outras vezes não é claramente descrita, mas é implementada na prática por meios que parecem ter pouco a ver com a exclusão que está sendo realmente feita (p.ex., impostos de voto e requerimentos de alfabetização que mantinham afro-americanos longe das urnas antes da era dos direitos civis). E algumas vezes a um grupo era permitido o voto, mas o sistema eleitoral ou instituições do governo eram propositadamente planejadas para lhes dar menos influência que outros grupos favorecidos. Hoje, em muitas democracias, o direito de voto é garantido sem discriminação de...

    Os pensadores italianos do século XX Vilfredo Pareto e Gaetano Mosca (independentemente) argumentaram que a democracia era ilusória, e servia apenas para mascarar a realidade da regra de elite. Na verdade, eles argumentaram que a oligarquia da elite é a lei inflexível da natureza humana, em grande parte devido à apatia e divisão das massas (em oposição à unidade, a iniciativa e a unidade das elites), e que as instituições democráticas não fariam mais do que mudar o exercício do poder de opressão à manipulação.[55] Como Louis Brandeis uma vez postulou, "Podemos ter democracia ou podemos ter riqueza concentrada nas mãos de uns poucos, mas não podemos ter as duas coisas.".[56] Hoje todos os partidos políticos no Canadá são cautelosos sobre as críticas de alto nível de imigração, porque, como observou The Globe and Mail, "no início de 1990, o antigo Partido da Reforma foi marcado como 'racista' por sugerir que os níveis de imigração deveriam ser reduzidos de 250 mil a 150 mil.".[57] Com...

    Democracia no DMOZ
    CASTORIADIS, Cornelius "A Pólis grega e a constituição da democracia", in As Encruzilhadas do Labirinto II, trad. de José Oscar de Almeida Marques, Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra, 1987.
  5. Democracy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracy

    1 This map was compiled according to the Wikipedia list of countries by system of government. See there for sources. 2 Several states constitutionally deemed to be multiparty republics are broadly described by outsiders as authoritarian states. This map presents only the de jure form of government, and not the de facto degree of democracy.

  6. Democracia (Tangier) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracia_(Tangier)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Democracia (English: Democracy) was a Spanish language Republican weekly newspaper published from Tangier, Morocco. The office of Democracia was located at Petit Socco.

  7. ¡Democracia Real YA! - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracia_Real_Ya

    (DRY, Spanish for Real Democracy NOW!), also known as Plataforma Democracia Real Ya! (Real Democracy NOW Platform!), is a Spanish grassroots organization that started in March 2011 in Madrid, Spain. It sparked the political movement of May 15, 2011 (15M) whose protests gained worldwide attention.

    • DRY
    • Active
    • March 2011
    • Grassroots organization
  8. National Democracy (Spain) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracia_Nacional

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Democracia Nacional) National Democracy (Spanish: Democracia Nacional, DN) is a far-right political party in Spain, founded in 1995.

    • 1995
    • Democracia Nacional Joven
    • Luis Mateos
    • Peña Francia Street, 13, Valladolid
  9. History of democracy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_democracy
    • Antiquity
    • Institutions in The Medieval Era
    • Indigenous Peoples of The Americas
    • Rise of Democracy in Modern National Governments
    • Contemporary Trends

    Historic origins

    Anthropologists have identified forms of proto-democracy that date back to small bands of hunter-gatherers that predate the establishment of agrarian, sedentary societies and still exist virtually unchanged in isolated indigenous groups today. In these groups of generally 50-100 individuals, often tied closely by familial bonds, decisions are reached by consensus or majority and many times without the designation of any specific chief. These types of democracy are commonly identified as triba...

    Proto-democratic societies

    Although ancient Greece was traditionally associated with the beginning of democracy, in recent decades scholars have explored the possibility that advancements toward democratic government occurred elsewhere first, as Greece developed its complex social and political institutions long after the appearance of the earliest civilizations in Egypt and the Near East.

    Athens

    Athens is often regarded[i] as the birthplace of democracy and remains an important reference point for democracy. Literature about the Athenian democracy spans over centuries with the earliest works being The Republic of Plato and Politics of Aristotle, continuing with Discourses of Niccolò Machiavelli. Athens emerged in the 7th century BCE, like many other poleis, with a dominating powerful aristocracy. However, this domination led to exploitation, creating significant economic, political,...

    Most of the procedures used by modern democracies are very old. Almost all cultures have at some time had their new leaders approved, or at least accepted, by the people; and have changed the laws only after consultation with the assembly of the people or their leaders.[citation needed] Such institutions existed since before the times of the Iliad or of the Odyssey, and modern democracies are often derived from or inspired by them, or what remained of them. Nevertheless, the direct result of these institutions was not always a democracy. It was often a narrow oligarchy, as in Venice, or even an absolute monarchy, as in Florence, in the Renaissance period; but during the medieval period guild democraciesdid evolve. Early institutions included: 1. The continuations of the early Germanic thing: 1.1. The Witenagemot (folkmoot) of Early Medieval England, councils of advisors to the kings of the petty kingdoms and then that of a unified England before the Norman Conquest. 1.2. The Frankis...

    Professor of anthropology Jack Weatherford has argued that the ideas leading to the United States Constitution and democracy derived from various indigenous peoples of the Americas including the Iroquois. Weatherford speculated that this democracy was founded between the years 1000–1450, that it lasted several hundred years, and that the U.S. democratic system was continually changed and improved by the influence of Native Americans throughout North America. Elizabeth Tooker, a professor of anthropology at Temple University and an authority on the culture and history of the Northern Iroquois, has reviewed Weatherford’s claims and concluded they are myth rather than fact. The idea that North American Indians had a democratic culture is several decades old, but not usually expressed within historical literature. The relationship between the Iroquois League and the Constitution is based on a portion of a letter written by Benjamin Franklin and a speech by the Iroquois chief Canasategoi...

    Early Modern Era milestones

    1. Norman Davies notes that Golden Liberty, the Nobles' Democracy (Rzeczpospolita Szlachecka) arose in the Kingdom of Poland and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. This foreshadowed a democracy of about ten percent of the population of the Commonwealth, consisting of the nobility, who were an electorate for the office of the King. They observed Nihil novi of 1505, Pacta conventa and King Henry's Articles (1573). See also: Szlachta history and political privileges, Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland a...

    Eighteenth and nineteenth century milestones

    1. 1707: The first Parliament of Great Britain is established after the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland under the Acts of Union 1707. From around 1721–42, Robert Walpole, regarded as the first prime ministerof Great Britain, chaired cabinet meetings, appointed all other ministers, and developed the doctrine of cabinet solidarity. 2. 1755: The Corsican Republic led by Pasquale Paoli with the Corsican Constitution 3. From the late 1770s: new Constitutions and Bills...

    The secret ballot

    The notion of a secret ballot, where one is entitled to the privacy of their votes, is taken for granted by most today by virtue of the fact that it is simply considered the norm. However, this practice was highly controversial in the 19th century; it was widely argued that no man would want to keep his vote secret unless he was ashamed of it.[citation needed] The two earliest systems used were the Victorian method and the South Australian method. Both were introduced in 1856 to voters in Vic...

    Under the influence of the theory of deliberative democracy, there have been several experiments since the start of the new millennium with what are called deliberative fora, places (in real life or in cyber space) where citizens and their representatives assemble to exchange reasons. One type of deliberative forum is called a minpublic: a body of randomly chosen or actively selected citizens that represents the whole population. The use of random selection to form a representative deliberative body is known as citizens' assembly. Citizens' assemblies have been used in Canada (2004, 2006) and the Netherlands (2006) to debate electoral reform, and in Iceland (2009 and 2010) for broader constitutional change.

  10. Democracy Index - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Democracy_Index

    Methodology. As described in the report, the Democracy Index is a weighted average based on the answers of 60 questions, each one with either two or three permitted answers. Most answers are experts' assessments. Some answers are provided by public-opinion surveys from the respective countries.

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