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  1. Diarchy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diarchy

    diarchy (from Greek δι-, di-, "double", and -αρχία, -arkhía, "ruled") or duumvirate (from Latin duumvirātus, "the office of the two men") is a form of government characterized by corule, with two people ruling a polity together either lawfully or de facto, by collusion and force. The leaders of such a system are usually known as corulers.

  2. Diarchy - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diarchy

    Diarchy (or dyarchy) is a form of government where two people are usually the heads of state. The word comes from the Greek δι- "two elements" and ἀρχή, "rule" (from ἄρχω; -αρχία is a derived suffix). The term duumvirate is a hyponym (from Latin duumvirātus, "male diarchy") but some people use it erroneously for women.

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  4. Diarchy — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Diarchy
    • Informal Use
    • in Fiction
    • See Also

    Bureaucracy

    Shared power arrange­ments within a mod­ern bu­reau­cracy may also be known as a "di­archy" or "du­umvi­rate". Ex­am­ples in­clude the joint au­thor­ity of the Chief of the De­fence Force and the Sec­re­tary of the De­part­ment of De­fence over the Aus­tralian De­fence Or­gan­i­sa­tion.

    Influential outsiders

    The sta­tus of mon­archs is some­times im­pugned by ac­cu­sa­tions of corule when an ad­vi­sor, fam­ily mem­ber, lover, or friend ap­pears to have taken too great a hand in gov­ern­ment. Lü Buwei in Chi­nese his­tory and François Leclerc du Trem­blay in France are fa­mous ex­am­ples of "émi­nences grises" who con­trolled much of their coun­tries' poli­cies. In British his­tory, George VI's reign was mocked as a "split-level ma­tri­archy in pants" owing to the sup­posed in­flu­ence of his moth...

    Informally shared power

    Owing to Con­fu­cian no­tions of fil­ial piety, Chi­nese and Japan­ese em­per­ors were some­times able to 're­tire' but con­tinue to exert great in­flu­ence over state pol­icy. In In­done­sia, Sukarno and his vice pres­i­dent Mo­ham­mad Hatta were nick­named the Du­umvi­rate (Dwitunggal), with Sukarno set­ting gov­ern­ment pol­icy and ral­ly­ing sup­port and Hatta man­ag­ing day-to-day ad­min­is­tra­tion. More re­cently, the great in­flu­ence of Vladimir Putin over his suc­ces­sor Dmitry Medv...

    Umbar, in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, was ruled by a duumvirate.
    The Omaticaya, the Na'vi clan at the center of the film Avatar, are traditionally led by a pair of married tribal chiefs. One of them, the husband, oversees political and military matters while the...
    The orbital colony New New York, in the Worlds trilogy by Joe Haldeman, is jointly governed by an elected Policy Coordinator and Engineering Coordinator.
  5. Talk:Diarchy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:Diarchy
    • Yeah
    • Mongols
    • Monarchy?
    • The Distinguishing Between Diarchy and Duumvirate Occurring ATM
    • The Term Diarch
    • Egypt
    • Rome's Monarchy

    Yeah, makes sense because they mean the same thing. Cameron Nedland19:50, 26 December 2005 (UTC) 1. What? — LlywelynII01:48, 3 April 2017 (UTC)

    The Mongol diarchy may be worth mentioning. In example Shang-du and Beijing capitals during the rule of Khubulai Khan in the Yuan Dynasty(Correct me if I'm wrong).--Oniroi18:43, 11 December 2006 (UTC)

    It's diarchy, so why is the monarchy portal here? Diarchies aren't necessarily "monarchies but with two leaders" the President of France is not a monarch nor are San Marino's Captains Regent. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 88.104.110.25 (talk) 14:20, 28 September 2013 (UTC) 1. The president of France is ex officio a joint monarch. San Marino's captains regents aren't monarchs but they hold executive power. The portal should remain here since some→many diarchies are exactly "monarchies but with two leaders". — LlywelynII 05:49, 3 April 2017 (UTC) 1.1. I'd actually argue that any diarchal ruler, by consequence of being a diarchal ruler, is inherently therefore not a monarch. Monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is embodied in a single individual, while diarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is embodied in two individuals; these two things are mutually exclusive.—MNTRT2009 (talk) 18:57, 21 June 2017 (UTC)

    is entirely unsupported by the words' definitions in reliable dictionaries. — LlywelynII01:48, 3 April 2017 (UTC) Merged. See also Talk:Duumvirate for the commentary there. — LlywelynII01:47, 4 April 2017 (UTC)

    is very reasonable but also completely unsupported by Merriam–Webster, who omit it, and the OED, which has an entirely separate botanical definition for that term. These people are called corulers, duumvirs, or by specific terms (Sparta's 'kings', Rome's 'consuls', &c.). — LlywelynII02:07, 3 April 2017 (UTC)

    in the late 18th century, two mamluks called Murad Bey and Ibrahim Bey formed a de facto duumvirate in Ottomon Egypt until Napoleon's invasion. someone could add the section in the article. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibrahim_Bey_(Mamluk)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murad_Bey (BountyFlamor (talk) 13:14, 19 February 2019 (UTC))

    was not a diarchy at any stage. The editor presumably intended the Republic's consuls. — LlywelynII02:23, 3 April 2017 (UTC)

  6. Diarchy in Madras Presidency - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diarchy_in_Madras_Presidency

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Diarchy was established in Madras Presidency based on the recommendations of the Montague-Chelmsford report. Five elections were held during the period diarchy was in effect and Justice Party occupied power most of the time.

  7. Diarchy in Bombay Presidency - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Diarchy_in_Bombay_Presidency
    • Overview
    • Government of India Act of 1919
    • Legislative Council
    • Executive Council and Ministers

    Diarchy was established in Bombay Presidency based on the recommendations of the Montague-Chelmsford report. It ended with the election in 1937 when the Government of India Act 1935 came into effect.

    Government of India Act of 1919 enlarged the provincial legislative councils and increased the strength of elected members to be greater than that of nominated and official members. It introduced a system of dyarchy in the Provinces. Although this Act brought about representative Government in India, the Governor was empowered with overriding powers. It classified the subjects as belonging to either the Centre or the Provinces. The Governor General could override any law passed by the Provincial

    The Council had a total of 116 members in addition to the ex - officio members of the Governor's Executive Council. Out of the 116, 86 were elected from constituencies of the presidency reserved for Non-Muhammadans, Muhammadans, Europeans, Landholders, Universities and Commerce & Industry. 7 constituencies were reserved for Marathas.

    As per the principle of dyarchy, certain responsibilities such as agriculture, health, education, and local government, were transferred to elected ministers. However, the important portfolios like finance, police and irrigation were reserved with official members of the Governor's Executive Council.

  8. Diarchy wiki | TheReaderWiki

    thereaderwiki.com › en › Diarch
    • Formal Use
    • Informal Use
    • in Fiction
    • See Also

    Current diarchies

    Andorra is a parliamentary co-principality. Its princes are (ex officio) the French president and the bishop of Urgell in Catalonia, Spain. Since 1962, the French president has been elected by universal suffrage within France. The bishop of the diocese of Urgell is appointed by the Roman Catholic pope. The 2008 Constitution affirms Bhutan's commitment to a traditional dual government sharing power between the Druk Gyalpo ("King") and the Buddhist religious authorities led by the Je Khenpo. In...

    Historical diarchies

    The office of king in ancient Sparta was divided between two kings from separate dynasties, each holding a vetoover the other's actions. Following the overthrow of the Roman monarchy, the Romans established an oligarchic Roman Republic which divided supreme executive power (Latin: imperium) between two consuls, both elected each year and each holding a vetoover the other's actions. The historical duumviriwere not rulers but magistrates, performing various judicial, religious, or public functi...

    Bureaucracy

    Shared power arrangements within a modern bureaucracy may also be known as a "diarchy" or "duumvirate". Examples include the joint authority of the Chief of the Defence Force and the Secretary of the Department of Defence over the Australian Defence Organisation.

    Influential outsiders

    The status of monarchs is sometimes impugned by accusations of corule when an advisor, family member, lover, or friend appears to have taken too great a hand in government. Lü Buwei in Chinese history and François Leclerc du Tremblay in France are famous examples of "éminences grises" who controlled much of their countries' policies. In British history, George VI's reign was mocked as a "split-level matriarchy in pants" owing to the supposed influence of his mother, Queen Mary and his wife Qu...

    Informally shared power

    Owing to Confucian notions of filial piety, Chinese and Japanese emperors were sometimes able to 'retire' but continue to exert great influence over state policy. In Indonesia, Sukarno and his vice president Mohammad Hatta were nicknamed the Duumvirate (Dwitunggal), with Sukarno setting government policy and rallying support and Hatta managing day-to-day administration. More recently, the great influence of Vladimir Putin over his successor Dmitry Medvedev was considered a duumvirate or tande...

    Umbar, in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, was ruled by a duumvirate.
    The Omaticaya, the Na'vi clan at the center of the film Avatar, are traditionally led by a pair of married tribal chiefs. One of them, the husband, oversees political and military matters while the...
    The orbital colony New New York, in the Worlds trilogy by Joe Haldeman, is jointly governed by an elected Policy Coordinator and Engineering Coordinator.
  9. Khazars - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Khazars

    Royal Diarchy with sacral Qağanate Khazaria developed a Dual kingship governance structure, typical among Turkic nomads, consisting of a shad/bäk and a qağan. The emergence of this system may be deeply entwined with the conversion to Judaism.

  10. Diarchy of Mapping | The Mapping Wiki | Fandom

    themapping.fandom.com › wiki › Diarchy_of_Mapping

    George's Diarchy, formerly known as the Diarchy of Mapping, the Diarchy of Mappers and Theorists, the Triarchist Union of Theorists and Mappers, and the Theorist Diarchy of Mapping, was a mapping Discord server in the Andreou Union. For the majority of its life, and prior to its deletion, it was primarily owned by YourFriendlyNeighbourhoodGeorge.

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