Embraer From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Embraer S.A. (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽmbɾaˈɛɾ]) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, executive and agricultural aircraft and provides aeronautical services. It was founded in 1969 in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, where its headquarters are located.
The Embraer E-Jets line is composed of two main commercial families and a business jet variant. The smaller E170 and E175 make up the base model aircraft. The E190 and E195 are stretched versions, with different engines and larger wing, horizontal stabilizer and landing gear structures.
- Operational history
The Embraer ERJ family are regional jets produced by Brazilian aerospace company Embraer. The 45–48 seat EMB145 was launched in 1989 as a turbofan-powered stretch of the EMB 120 Brasilia turboprop. It first flew on August 11, 1995 and it received its type certificate on December 10, 1996. The ERJ145 was introduced on April 6, 1997 and the shortened ERJ135 and ERJ140 were introduced in 1999. Keeping the three-abreast seating of the Brasilia, the twinjet has a new swept wing and is powered...
The ERJ145 was designed for a perceived new market for regional jet aircraft, where the increased speed, comfort and passenger appeal would outweigh the inherent fuel economy of the turboprop aircraft which were in service and in development.
The airframe is mainly stretched, machined and chemically milled aluminium, with CFRP for moving parts, GFRP for fairings and sidewalls, kevlar for leading edges and Nomex honeycomb-CFRP/GFRP sandwiches for floors.
The first delivery was in December 1996 to ExpressJet Airlines. The largest operator is Envoy Air, with 206 ERJ145 aircraft. Piedmont Airlines also operates 60 ERJ145s through an alliance with American Airlines. The ERJ140 was introduced in September 1999, first flew on June 27, 2000 and entered commercial service in July 2001. Envoy Air, the regional jet subsidiary of American Airlines flying as American Eagle, operates the majority of the ERJ140s built, including the first to be delivered. As
The physical engines are the same, however, the FADEC logic is what differs between the various models in regards to total thrust capability. The extended range version, the ERJ 145ER, has Rolls Royce AE 3007A engines rated at 31.3 kN thrust, with the option of more powerful AE 3
As of October 2020, the main civilian operators are
Erieye variant of the Hellenic Air Force with an AESA antenna on top for AEW&C Embraer R-99B variant of the Força Aérea Brasileira with a synthetic aperture radar on the side EMB 145 MP maritime patrol version of the Fuerza Aérea Mexicana, without the R-99B side radar Angola
- Operational history
The Embraer C-390 Millennium is a medium-size, twin-engine, jet-powered military transport aircraft produced by the Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer. With a load capacity of 26 tonnes, the aircraft can be configured to perform various conventional operations such as troop, VIP and cargo transportation, and more specialised logistical operations such as aerial refuelling as a tanker. It is the heaviest aircraft the company has made to date. The first production aircraft was delivered to t
Between 2005 and 2007, Embraer intended to use the wing and GE CF34 engine of the mature Embraer E-190 with a cabin modified as a cargo hold with a rear ramp, closed-loop fly-by-wire and synthetic vision. The initial design was a high-wing E190. By 2006, Embraer was studying a mi
On 14 April 2009, Embraer was awarded with a $1.5 billion contract to develop and build two prototypes. At the programme launch, the design was all-new, with a new fuselage cross-section, wing, engine and flight deck, beyond the E-190 limited wing surface and engines, to replace
In August 2010, Argentine Defence Minister Nilda Garré announced that Argentina will participate in the construction of the aircraft. On 24 August, the defence ministers of Chile and Brazil signed an agreement for Chile's ENAER company to join the C-390 industry team ...
Embraer built the C-390 around the 18.5 m long, 3.45 m wide and 2.95 m high hold with a rear ramp. Its twin IAE V2500-E5 turbofans are mounted forward on the high wing with anhedral angle, slats and up to 40° flaps High-lift devices. The landing gear has low-pressure tires, two 5.9 bar on the nose and four 7.2 bar on either side bogies for soft, unpaved ground or damaged runways. Fly-by-wire flight controls with active sidesticks allows load factors up to 3g. The cockpit has head-up ...
In 2014 the Government of Brazil ordered 28 C-390s with the intention of progressively replacing the Brazilian Air Force's cargo aircraft fleet, including its C-130s. The first C-390 was officially delivered to the Brazilian Air Force on 4 September 2019. The first C-390 will be
On 17 November 2020, almost six months after Hungary retired its last Soviet era An-26 military cargo plane, Embraer announced that Hungary had signed an order for two KC-390s, along with full training, support and maintenance. The first aircraft is to be delivered to the Hungari
In February 2010 Embraer proposed the C-390 to the Portuguese Ministry of Defense as a replacement option for the Portuguese Air Force's aging fleet of C-130s. In December 2011 the Portuguese government was to sign an €87–million contract with Embraer for part of the ...
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The Embraer Legacy 450/500 are Brazilian mid-size business jets launched by Embraer in April 2008, the first of their size with a flat-floor stand-up cabin and fly-by-wire. The longer 500, which typically carries 4 passengers over 3,125 nmi with room for up to 12, first flew on November 27, 2012, and was certified on August 12, 2014. The shorter 450 first flew on December 28, 2013, was certified on August 11, 2015, carries 4 passengers over 2,900 nmi and can accommodate up to 9. Introduced in Oc
At the August 2007 NBAA convention, Embraer unveiled a cabin mock-up of two concepts positioned between the $7 million Phenom 300 and the $26 million Legacy 600, called midsize jet and midlight jet, positioned on 22% of the market in units. They should share their flat floor, stand-up cabin but the MSJ should be 5 feet longer to accommodate 8 passengers over a 2,800-nm range against 2,200-nm for the smaller version. The program was introduced in April 2008, Embraer planned to invest US$750 milli
They are low wing, T-tail airplanes with cabin pressurization, powered by two rear mounted turbofans. The landing gear is fully retractable and designed to be operated on paved runways only. The glass cockpit includes four multi-function displays. The operation is made through a flight management system with autopilot, autothrottle and closed-loop control and monitoring of flight controls Fly-By-Wire. The aircraft are certified for Day, Night, VFR and IFR flights, and are approved for reduced ve
Embraer's timeline was delayed because software development for the fly-by-wire flight control system was running behind schedule. Supported by 800 engineers, the first Legacy 500 prototype was rolled out on 23 December 2011 to begin ground testing and systems evaluation, prior t
The Legacy 450 first flight occurred on 28 December 2013. It received its Brazilian certification on 11 August 2015, exceeding its design goals. It was certified by the FAA shortly after on 31 August 2015. Embraer announced on 22 December 2015 its first delivery to LMG, LLC, an A
- 500 : 27 November 2012, 450 : 28 December 2013
- 500 : 2011-present
- 500 : 68 (as of 31 December 2018[update]), 450 : 43 (as of 31 December 2018[update])
The Embraer EMB-505 Phenom 300 is a single pilot certified light jet aircraft developed by the Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer. It is classified as a "Super Light Jet". It can carry up to 11 occupants.
Embraer began designing the Phenom 300 after finding that potential customers of the Phenom 100 would also like a bigger aircraft. It was a new design with the aim of allowing operation to smaller airports such as London City and Telluride Regional Airport. It first flew on 29 April 2008, and received its type certification on 3 December 2009. On 29 December 2009 Embraer delivered the first Phenom 300 to Executive Flight Services at the company's headquarters at São José dos Campos ...
The Phenom 300 is a twin-engined cantilever monoplane with low-positioned, swept wings. It has a horizontal stabiliser in a T-tail configuration and a retractable tricycle landing gear. It has two rear-pylon-mounted Pratt & Whitney Canada PW535E turbofan engines. The enclosed cabin has room for nine passengers and a two-pilot crew; during single-pilot operation an additional passenger can be carried. Access to the cockpit and cabin is via an airstair on the left-hand side. Its structural life is
- 500 (March 2019)
- Operational history
The Embraer E-Jet E2 family are medium-range jet airliners developed by Embraer, succeeding the original E-Jet. The program was launched at the Paris Air Show in 2013. The first variant, the E190-E2, took its first flight on 23 May 2016 and was certified on 28 February 2018 before entering service with Widerøe on 24 April. The three twinjet variants share the same four-abreast narrow-body fuselage with different lengths and three different new wings, Pratt & Whitney PW1000G turbofans in...
In 2010, it appeared possible that Embraer could directly challenge the Bombardier CSeries with a clean-sheet five-abreast design for 100 to 150 passengers. However, Airbus launched the A320neo in December 2010, including the 124-seat A319neo, and Boeing launched the re-engined 737 MAX the following year. Accordingly, Embraer continued to focus on large regional jets, and launched an extensive revamp of the E-Jet family at the November 2011 Dubai Air Show. The new variants would be better positi
Embraer targets 16 to 24% lower fuel burn and 15–25% lower maintenance cost per seat. In the E190-E2, of the 17.3% better fuel burn, 11% comes from the geared turbofan, 4.8% from the improved aerodynamics of the new high aspect ratio wing and 1.5% from the fly-by-wire's 15% smaller tail surfaces. Over a 600 nmi trip and with a US$72 fuel barrel, Embraer estimates a 97-seat E190-E2 trip cost is 7% lower for a 1% higher seat cost than a 106-seat A220-100, a 120-seat E195-E2 has a 2% higher ...
On 3 December 2018, Air Astana received its first E190-E2 of an order of five, to replace nine E190LR used on domestic and regional routes since 2011. On 31 October 2019, Helvetic Airways became the fourth airline to take delivery of an E2 aircraft and the third to receive an E190-E2 aircraft, configured in a single-class layout with 110 seats. On 1 November 2019, Helvetic Airways made their first revenue flight with the E190-E2. The inaugural flight, LX850, was a 623 km, 95-minute leg from ...
The E175-E2 model in the 80-seat range is the smallest in the E-Jet Second Generation family. The E175-E2 will be extended by one seat row from the E175, by 0.6m and will seat up to 90 passengers. It was scheduled for first delivery in 2020 but entry into service is delayed by on
The 22,000 lbf PW1900G has a 73 in fan for a 12:1 bypass ratio. The aluminum wing span increased to 33.7 m for the highest wing aspect ratio of any airliner, just over 11, while the larger E195-E2 has a longer wingtip and the smaller E175-E2 has a downsized wing. It was moved for
The E195-E2 will be extended by three seat rows from the E195 by 2.85 m, and will accommodate up to 146 seats. In February 2016, Embraer announced that it had decided to increase the E195-E2's wingspan by 1.4 m for greater lift, along with a MTOW increase of 2 t to extend its ran
- 23 May 2016
- 1 E175-E2, 19 E190-E2 and 10 E195-E2 as of 6 November 2020[update]
The Embraer Lineage 1000 is a variant of the Embraer 190 regional jet airliner, launched as a private jet on May 2, 2006. Manufactured by the Brazilian aerospace firm Embraer, the Lineage is advertised as an "ultra-large" business jet with comfortable seating for 19. Lineage 1000 Lineage 1000 inflight, gear down Role Business jet National origin Brazil Manufacturer Embraer First flight October 26, 2007 Introduction May 7, 2009 with HE Aamer Abdul Jalil Al Fahim Status In production Primary user
The Lineage 1000 is based on the Embraer 190 airliner, with added fuel tanks in the lower deck cargo hold space, nearly doubling the jet's range. It boasts a lavish interior, divided into up to 5 sections including an optional bedroom, washroom with running water, and a walk-in cargo area at the rear. Its fuselage cross-section is larger than similarly priced business jets like the $50.4M Global 5000, $53.8M Falcon 7X or $54.5M Gulfstream G600, but smaller than other airliner conversions: the Su
The Lineage 1000 received its certification from Brazil's ANAC and from EASA in December 2008. It was certified by the USA Federal Aviation Administration on 7 January 2009. The first Lineage 1000 was delivered to Aamer Abdul Jalil Al Fahim on May 7, 2009.
- October 26, 2007
- 28 as of 31 December 2018[update]
- Operational history
The Embraer R-99 is the Brazilian Air Force military designation of the EMB-145-RS. It is an aircraft based on the ERJ 145 civil regional jet. The R-99 series are equipped with Rolls-Royce AE1 3007 turbofan engines. The military versions provide 20% more thrust than the civil version. The first flight was in 1999. R-99A/B P-99 Brazilian Air Force R-99A Role Airborne early warning and control Remote sensing Maritime patrol National origin Brazil Manufacturer Embraer First flight 1999 Introduction
The R-99A/E-99/EMB 145 AEW&C is an Airborne early warning and control aircraft, equipped with the Erieye active electronically scanned array radar from Saab Microwave Systems of Sweden. The FAB claims that it has 95% of the capability of the larger AWACS aircraft which are in service in the air forces of other nations. In 2008 the FAB redesignated the R-99A as the E-99, the factory name for the Embraer EMB-145SA, a special military conversion of the passenger version of the Embraer ERJ-145LR.
A Greek EMB-145-H was deployed to perform AEW missions as part of the enforcement of no-fly zone over Libyan Civil War.
An Embraer EMB-145-SA AEW&C of the Mexican Air Force at Santa Lucia AFB.
- 6 (EMB-145-SA), 3 (EMB-145-RS), 2 (EMB-145-MP), 4 (EMB-145-H), 3 (EMB-145-I)
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