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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › FalunFalun - Wikipedia

    Falun forms, together with Borlänge, a metropolitan area with just over 100,000 inhabitants. Falun was originally famous for its copper mine, and is today an important service and industrial city even though the mine is closed (since 1992). Faluån is a river, flowing through the city, separating it into two sides.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Falun_GongFalun Gong - Wikipedia

    Falun Gong ( UK: / ˌfɑːlʊn ˈɡɒŋ, ˌfæl -, - ˈɡʊŋ /, US: /- ˈɡɔːŋ /) or Falun Dafa ( / ˈdɑːfə /; Standard Mandarin Chinese: [fàlwə̌n tâfà]; literally, " Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a new religious movement. Falun Gong was founded by its leader Li Hongzhi in China in the early 1990s.

    • Dharma Wheel Practice or Dharma Wheel Work/Power/Energy
    • 法輪大法
    • 法轮大法
  3. People also ask

    Why is Falun Gong banned in China?

    What are Falun Dafa exercises?

    What is Falun Gong movement?

    What is the history of Falun Gong?

    • Before 1992
    • 1992–1995
    • 1996–June 1999
    • July 1999–2001
    • 2002–2004
    • 2005–2007
    • 2008–Present

    Falun Gong has been classified variously as a form of spiritual cultivation practice in the tradition of Chinese antiquity, as a qigong discipline, or as a religion or new religious movement. Qigong refers to a broad set of exercises, meditation and breathing methods that have long been part of the spiritual practices of select Buddhist sects, of Daoist alchemists, martial artists, and some Confucianscholars. Although qigong-like practices have a long history, the modern qigong movement traces its origins only to the late 1940s and 1950s. At that time, Communist Party cadres began pursuing qigong as a means of improving health, and regarded it as a category of traditional Chinese medicine. With official support from the party-state, qigong grew steadily in popularity, particularly in the period following the Cultural Revolution. The state-run China Qigong Scientific Research Society was established in 1985 to administer and oversee qigong practice across the country. Thousands of qi...

    Falun Gong was publicly founded in the Spring of 1992, toward the end of China's "qigong boom," a period which saw the proliferation of thousands of disciplines. Li Hongzhi and his Falun Gong became an "instant star" of the qigong movement, and were welcomed into the government-administered China Qigong Scientific Research Society (CQRS). From 1992 to 1994, Li traveled throughout China giving 54 lectures seminars on the practice and beliefs of Falun Gong. Seminars typically lasted 8–10 days, and attracted as many as 6,000 participants per class.The practice grew rapidly based on its purported efficacy in improving health and its moral and philosophical elements, which were more developed than those of other qigong schools. 1. 1992 — On 13 May, Li begins public teaching of Falun Gong at the No. 5 MIddle School in Changchun, Jilin Province, lecturing to a crowd of several hundred.The seminar ran for nine days at a cost of 30 Yuan per person. 2. 1992 — June, Li is invited by the China...

    Having announced that he was finished teaching his practice in China, Li Hongzhi begins teaching his practice in Europe, Oceania, North America and Southeast Asia. In 1998, Li relocates permanently to the United States. As the practice continues to grow within China, tensions emerge between Falun Gong and Chinese authorities. In 1996, Falun Gong withdraws from the China Qigong Scientific Research Society, and thereafter finds itself the subject of growing scrutiny and criticism in the state-run press. The practice becomes a subject of high-level debates within the government and Communist Party, with some ministries and government authorities expressing continued support for the practice, and others becoming increasingly wary of the group.This tension also played out in the media, as some outlets continued to laud the effects of Falun Gong, while others criticized it as pseudoscience. Tensions continue to escalate over this period, culminating in a demonstration on 25 April 1999 nea...

    In July 1999, a nationwide campaign is rolled out to "eradicate" Falun Gong. The persecution campaign is characterized by a "massive propaganda campaign" against the group, public burnings of Falun Gong books, and imprisonment of tens of thousands of Falun Gong practitioners in prisons, reeducation through labor camps, psychiatric hospitals and other detention facilities. Authorities are given the broad mandate of 'transforming' practitioners, resulting in the widespread use of torture against Falun Gong practitioners, sometimes resulting in death. From late 1999 to early 2001, hundreds of Falun Gong practitioners per day travel to Tiananmen Square to stage peaceful protests against the persecution. The protests take the form of performing Falun Gong exercises or meditation, or holding banner proclaiming Falun Gong's innocence. The protests are broken up, often violently, by security forces. 1. 1999 — During a 19 July meeting of senior Communist Party cadres, Jiang Zemin's decision...

    By 2002, Falun Gong practitioners had all but completely abandoned the approach of protesting on Tiananmen Square, and coverage in Western news outlets declined precipitously.[better source needed] Falun Gong practitioners continued adopting more novel approaches to protesting, including the establishment of a vast network of underground 'material sites' that create and distribute literature, and tapping into television broadcasts to replace them with Falun Gong content.Practitioners outside China established a television station to broadcast into China, designed censorship-circumvention tools to break through Internet censorship and surveillance, and filed dozens of largely symbolic lawsuits against Jiang Zemin and other Chinese officials alleging genocide and crimes against humanity. From 2002 to 2004, the paramount position of power in China were transferred from Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao. Annual Falun Gong deaths in custody continued to grow through 2004, according to reports pub...

    As Falun Gong becomes more overt in its rhetorical charges against Communist Party rule, allegations emerge that Chinese security agencies engage in large-scale overseas spying operations against Falun Gong practitioners, and that Falun Gong prisoners in China are killed to supply China's organ transplant industry. 1. 2005 — On 15 February, Li Hongzhi issues a statement renouncing his earlier membership in the Communist Youth League. 2. 2005 — On 4 June, Chinese diplomat Chen Yonglin, a political consul at the Chinese consulate in Sydney, defects to Australia. He reports that a large part of his job was to monitor and harass Falun Gong practitioners in Australia. Days later, on 8 June, Hao Fengjun, a former member of the Tianjin city 610 office, goes public with his story of defection, and tells of abuse against Falun Gong in China. 3. 2005 — On 16 June, Gao Rongrongis reported tortured to death in Shenyang at the age of 37. 4. 2005 — In June, the number of Falun Gong practitioners...

    Top-level Chinese authorities continue to launch strike-hard campaigns against Falun Gong surrounding sensitive events and anniversaries, and step up efforts to coercively "transform" Falun Gong practitioners in detention facilities and reeducation centers. Lawyerswho seek to represent Falun Gong defendants continue to face punishment from Chinese authorities, including harassment, disbarment, and imprisonment. 1. 2008 — On 6 February, popular folk musician Yu Zhou is tortured to death 11 days after being taken into custody in Beijing. His wife, artist Xu Na, is sentenced to 3 years in prison for possessing Falun Gong literature. 1. 2008 — In the first six months of the year, over 8,000 Falun Gong practitioners are abducted by security forces under the pretext of preventing protests during the Beijing Olympics. 2. 2009 — Communist Party heir apparent Xi Jinping is put in charge of 6521 Project, a strike hard effort to crack down on Tibetans, democracy activists and Falun Gong practi...

  4. sv.wikipedia.org › wiki › FalunFalun – Wikipedia

    • Historia
    • Stadsbild
    • Utbildning
    • Kultur, Nöjen och Sevärdheter
    • Press & Media
    • Natur och Fritid
    • Se även
    • Externa länkar

    Staden Falun har växt upp kring Falu koppargruva och stadens ekonomi var länge helt beroende av kopparutvinningen. Det finns belägg för att verksamhet vid Falu gruva var igång på 1000-talet, men mycket talar för att kopparmalm utvanns i området redan på 700-talet.[15] Någon bosättning på platsen från denna tid finns dock inte dokumenterad. Området tillhörde ursprungligen Torsångs socken. Kopparbergs kyrka, ursprungligen kallad Mariakyrkan, uppfördes under andra hälften av 1400-talet. Marknader torde tidigt ha hållits i Falun, troligen på Falan eller Gamla och Stora torget. Genom att gruvan fungerade som en särskild jurisdiktion ansågs troligen inte behovet av en stad trängande.[16] Under 1500– och 1600-talet var kopparutvinningen i Falun en viktig faktor till att Sverige kunde utvecklas till en europeisk stormakt, och i samband med detta började frågan om en stad på platsen bli aktuell. 7 januari 1608 utfärdade Karl IX privilegier för en stad Falun. Någon stad kom dock aldrig att in...

    Falun brukar i folkmun delas in i två sidor, den ljuvliga och den gruvliga sidan. Gränsen mellan dessa två är Faluån. Den gruvliga sidan är den som ligger sydväst om ån med stadsdelarna Gamla Herrgården och Elsborgbland andra. Här bodde de mindre bemedlade gruvarbetarna i små trähus, varav många finns bevarade. Smeknamnet kommer från att det är på denna sida Falu koppargruva låg. Den ljuvliga sidan ligger nordost om ån och där återfinns stadens nuvarande affärscentrum samt även de pampiga villorna i stadsdelen Villastaden. I dessa bodde förnämt folk i första hand, och inte gruvarbetare. Under 1900-talets första år uppfördes ståtliga villor, flera av dem ritade av stadsarkitekten Klas Boman. Nuvarande bebyggelse är i stort sett den ursprungliga. Det är stora hus på stora lummiga tomter omgivna av häck eller staket. Området kröns av disponenten Erik Johan Ljungbergsslottsliknande palats Bergalid från 1902.

    Högskolan Dalarna bildades 1977, och har campus i både Falun och Borlänge. Högskolan hade 2010 över 18 000 studenter, 700 anställda och erbjöd över 60 utbildningsprogram, varav 16 är på magisternivå, och 1 330 kurser.[26] Högskolan Dalarna profilerar sig genom ett stort utbud av kurser och program inom områdena musik, media och design. I Falun finns utbildningar till sjuksköterska, barnmorska, lärare, samhällsvetare, socialarbetare, ljud- och musikproducent, film- och tv-producent, manusskribent för film och tv bland annat.[27] Musikkonservatoriet Falun är sedan 1967 en av Sveriges ledande skolor för musiker.[28] Utbildningar finns inom i klassisk musik, jazz, folkmusik och komposition på både gymnasie- och eftergymnasial nivå. Musikkonservatoriet har spetsutbildningar med riksrekrytering. Musikkonservatoriet i Falun är landets enda gymnasieutbildning med ett specialutformat program i klassisk musik.[29] De fyra stora gymnasieskolorna i Falun är Lugnetgymnasiet, Kristinegymnasiet, H...

    För att vara en stad i sin storlek har Falun ett rikt kulturliv. Det som satt staden på kartan är i första hand världsarvsutmärkelsen. Tack vare sin ställning som residensstad hyser Falun de flesta länsinstitutionerna, som Dalarnas museum, Dalateatern, Länsbiblioteket Dalarna, DalaSinfoniettan, Musik i Dalarna, Film i Dalarna och Dans i Dalarna.

    Dagstidningar

    1. oberoende liberala Falu Kuriren (ingår i Dalarnas Tidningar) 2. socialdemokratiska Dala-Demokraten

    Övrig press

    1. Nöjestidningen Nolltvå [63] 2. Centerpartistiska veckotidningen Dalabygden 3. Webbtidningen FalunBorlänge [64] 4. Annonsbladet 5. Mitt Dalarna

    Radio

    1. P1 90,4 2. P2 94,2 3. P3 96,5 4. P4 Dalarna 100,2 5. Studentradion Falun 6. Mix Megapol 103,2 7. Rockklassiker 107,1 8. Rix FM 101,7 9. Musikkanalen Wolf FM 88.8 MHz 10. Vinyl 90,4[65]

    Falun är beläget i en dal, med Faluån som skär igenom stadskärnan och flera sjöar intill. Största sjö är Runn,[66] som sträcker sig från Falu centrum till Vika och Torsång. I anslutning till Runn sker många aktiviteter. Sommartid lockas folk till badplatser som Roxnäs udde, Sandlandet, Främby udde och till båtbryggor som Vika strand, Häsinggårdsbryggan, Källviken. Båtarna Slussbruden I och II trafikerar sträckan Slussen–Hellmansö.[67] På vintern plogas skridskobanor upp på Runn, över fem mil totalt,[68] och Faluborna ger sig ut på isen med långfärdsskridskor, spark eller längdskidor. I februari varje år ordnas Runn winter week– en vecka av vinteraktiviteter med tillhörande jippon. Falu kommun satsar mycket pengar på sportanläggningar, vilket stundtals väckt stark kritik.[69] Kommunen vill profilera sig som en idrottsstad.[70] I Falun finns 21 allmänna bad enligt Länsstyrelsen.[71]

    Lista över fasta fornminnen i Falun (för omfattning av detta område, se Falu stad#Sockenkod)
    Se kartdata överlagrat på OSM (Kartdata)
    Wikimedia Commons har media som rör Falun.Bilder & media
    • Overview
    • Influences
    • Cultivation
    • Practice
    • Teleology of practice
    • On science

    Li Hongzhi published the Teachings of Falun Gong in Changchun, China in 1992. They cover a wide range of topics ranging from spiritual, scientific and moral to metaphysical. Since its inception, Falun Gong has been one of the fastest growing qigong schools in Chinese history. The teachings of Falun Gong are based on the principles of zhēn 眞, shàn 善 and rěn 忍 articulated in the two main books Falun Gong and Zhuan Falun. Falun Gong is an introductory book that discusses qigong...

    See also Theoretical background and History of Falun Gong

    From the beginning, Li has asserted his absolute authority over the transmission of the teachings and the use of healing powers of Falun Gong: he said in Changchun that only he is possessed of these right, and any who violate are to be expelled. Li said that it is a violation of Dafa to treat other people's illnesses or invite others to come to a practice point to be treated. If such that happens, then the violator is not considered by Li to be his disciple. He calls on his disciples to replace

    The term practice refers to the five exercises, one of which is a sitting meditation. In the book Falun Gong, Li Hongzhi explains the principles behind the exercises. He says the exercises are part of the "harmonization and perfection" in the practice, and what make it a "comprehensive mind-body cultivation system." Li says that though Falun Gong requires both cultivation and practice, cultivation of xinxing is actually more important. However, "A person who only cultivates his xinxing and does

    In Zhuan Falun Li says that human life is not created in ordinary human society, but "in the space of the universe." He says that the universe is benevolent to begin with, and "embodies the characteristic of Zhen-Shan-Ren." When a life is created, it is assimilated to the characteristic of the universe. However, eventually a web of relations developed, and selfishness came about; gradually the level of beings' was lowered until, in the end, they reached this level of human beings. Li says in his

    Li Hongzhi teaches that aliens introduced science into the world with the ill intentions to use human bodies. In a 1999 Times interview, Li was quoted to have warned that modern science is destroying mankind. And that he foresee a future when human limbs will become deformed, people's limbs will no longer be functional and internal organs will be impaired and claimed that modern science hasn't realized this potential reality yet. Falun Dafa materials teaches of the existence of a 2-billion year

  5. Falun Municipality. Area as of 1 January 2014. Density is calculated using land area only. Falun Municipality ( Falu kommun) is a municipality in Dalarna County in central Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Falun. Falun is the second biggest city and provincial capital of Dalarna County. Falun was originally famous for its copper mine .

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