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  1. Federalism in the United States is the constitutional division of power between U.S. state governments and the federal government of the United States. Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end of the American Civil War, power shifted away from the states and toward the national government. The progression of federalism includes dual, cooperative, and new federalism.

    • Creating A New Federalist Government
    • A New Constitution
    • Amendments

    In 1787, fifty-five delegates met at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. There, they created ideas about a new type of government, called federalism. In this type of government, they decided: 1. The federal government would have more power than before. However, power would be divided between the states and the federal government, so the federal government would not be all-powerful 2. The states would get representatives in the federal legislature, the United States Congress. Their representatives would speak for what the people in each state needed and wanted, and would be able to vote on all federal laws 2.1. Small and large states would get an equal number of representatives in the United States Senate, to prevent the large states from having all the power 3. The new federal government would have three separate sections which would divide and balance powerbetween them. Each would make sure the other two never got too powerful The delegates at the Constitutional Conventi...

    Some of the Founding Fathers argued strongly for federalism, especially James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. They created the strongest defense of the new Constitution in a book called The Federalist Papers. This was a collection of 85 essays supporting federalism. Its goal was to convince people to vote to ratify the Constitution.[a] Although they were published anonymously at the time (with nobody's real names listed), the essays were written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay. The essays explained the new Constitution and all the protections in it. It answered many of the arguments against federalism, and explained how the Constitution would help protect people's rights.For example, in "Federalist No. 10," James Madison wrote that federalism would help protect the republican values most Americans supported, like the importance of personal freedoms. People who did not support the new Constitution were called "Anti-Federalists". The Anti-Federalists included Founding Fathers...

    The new Constitution took effect on March 4, 1789. That same year, Congress wrote and proposed twelve amendments to the Constitution. Three-fourths of the states would have to ratify these amendments in order to add them to the Constitution. The states ratified ten amendments on December 15, 1791. Together, they became the Bill of Rights. The Tenth Amendment set the guidelines for federalism in the United States. It said that any powers that the Constitution did not give to the federal government belonged to the states.This was meant to calm people's worries that the federal government would try to take more and more power from the states.

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  3. › wiki › FederalismFederalism - Wikipedia

    Federalism is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government with regional governments in a single political system, dividing the powers between the two. It has its roots in ancient Europe. Federalism in the modern era was first adopted in the unions of states during the Old Swiss Confederacy. Federalism differs from confederalism, in which the general level of government is subordinate to the regional level, and from devolution within a unitary state, in which the reg

    • Naming
    • History
    • Legislative Branch
    • Executive Branch
    • Judicial Branch
    • Budget
    • Elections and Voting
    • State, Tribal, and Local Governments
    • Further Reading

    The full name of the republic is "United States of America". No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases to which it is a party (e.g. Charles T. Schenck v. United States). The terms "Government of the United States of America" or "United States Government" are often used in official documents to represent the federal government as distinct from the states collectively. In casual conversation or writing, the term "Federal Government" is often used, and the term "National Government" is sometimes used. The terms "Federal" and "National" in government agency or program names generally indicate affiliation with the federal government (e.g. Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service). Because the seat of government is in Washington, D.C., "Washington" is commonly used as a metonymfor the federal government.

    The United States government is based on the principles of federalism and republicanism, in which power is shared between the federal government and state governments. The interpretation and execution of these principles, including what powers the federal government should have and how those powers can be exercised, have been debated ever since the adoption of the Constitution. Some make a case for expansive federal powers while others argue for a more limited role for the central government in relation to individuals, the states, or other recognized entities. Since the American Civil War, the powers of the federal government have generally expanded greatly, although there have been periods since that time of legislative branch dominance (e.g., the decades immediately following the Civil War) or when states' rightsproponents have succeeded in limiting federal power through legislative action, executive prerogative or by a constitutional interpretation by the courts. One of the theor...

    The United States Congress, under Article I of the Constitution, is the legislative branch of the federal government. It is bicameral, comprising the House of Representatives and the Senate.

    Vice president

    The vice president is the second-highest official in rank of the federal government. The vice president's duties and powers are established in the legislative branch of the federal government under Article 1, Section 3, Clauses 4 and 5 as the president of the Senate; this means that they are the designated presiding officer of the Senate. In that capacity, the vice president has the authority (ex officio, for they are not an elected member of the Senate) to cast a tie-breaking vote. Pursuant...

    Cabinet, executive departments, and agencies

    The daily enforcement and administration of federal laws is in the hands of the various federal executive departments, created by Congress to deal with specific areas of national and international affairs. The heads of the 15 departments, chosen by the president and approved with the "advice and consent" of the U.S. Senate, form a council of advisers generally known as the president's "Cabinet". Once confirmed, these "cabinet officers" serve at the pleasure of the president. In addition to de...

    The Judiciary, under Article III of the Constitution, explains and applies the laws. This branch does this by hearing and eventually making decisions on various legal cases.

    The budget document often begins with the president's proposal to Congress recommending funding levels for the next fiscal year, beginning October 1 and ending on September 30 of the year following. The fiscal year refers to the year in which it ends. For fiscal year (FY) 2018, the federal government spent $4.11 trillion. Spending equalled 20.3% of gross domestic product (GDP), equal to the 50-year average.The deficit equalled $779 billion, 3.8 percent of GDP. Tax revenue amounted to $3.33 trillion, with receipt categories including individual income taxes ($1,684B or 51%), Social Security/Social Insurance taxes ($1,171B or 35%), and corporate taxes ($205B or 6%).

    Suffrage, known as the ability to vote, has changed significantly over time. In the early years of the United States, voting was considered a matter for state governments, and was commonly restricted to white men who owned land. Direct elections were mostly held only for the U.S. House of Representatives and state legislatures, although what specific bodies were elected by the electorate varied from state to state. Under this original system, both senators representing each state in the U.S. Senate were chosen by a majority vote of the state legislature. Since the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, members of both houses of Congress have been directly elected. Today, U.S. citizens have almost universal suffrage under equal protection of the laws from the age of 18, regardless of race, gender, or wealth. The only significant exception to this is the disenfranchisement of convicted felons, and in some states former felons as well. Under the U.S. Constitution, the repre...

    State governments have the greatest influence over most Americans' daily lives. The Tenth Amendmentprohibits the federal government from exercising any power not delegated to it by the Constitution; as a result, states handle the majority of issues most relevant to individuals within their jurisdiction. Because state governments are not authorized to print currency, they generally have to raise revenue through either taxes or bonds. As a result, state governments tend to impose severe budget cuts or raise taxes any time the economy is faltering. Each state has its own written constitution, government and code of laws. The Constitution stipulates only that each state must have, "a Republican Government". Therefore, there are often great differences in law and procedure between individual states, concerning issues such as property, crime, health and education, amongst others. The highest elected official of each state is the Governor, with below him being the Lieutenant Governor. Each...

    Greenstein, Fred I. et al. Evolution of the modern presidency : a bibliographical survey (1977) bibliography and annotation of 2500 scholarly books and articles. online4

    • United States of America
    • Congress
    • Jefferson
    • Rename
    • This Article Sucks
    • "The United States Is Divided Into A Number of Separate States"
    • Shared Sovereignty Redirect
    • Negative Perspectives on Federalism.
    • Total Plagiarism

    Jefferson was not an anti-Federalist. As I understand it, he thought there should be a Bill of Rights, but thought the Constitution was basically good. As the then US Minister to France, he was not in a position to have a public position on it one way or the other. john k18:59, 20 April 2006 (UTC)

    Can I rename this article to Federalism in the United States to bring in line with Federalism in Australia? AndrewRT(Talk) 21:47, 8 December 2006 (UTC) 1. Quite an odd reasonong. By that standard, Federalism in Australia should be moved to Australian federalism to be in line with Canadian federalism. Which has been at that title the whole 3 years since the above comment was posted. Quite odd this phobia people have of US articles being titled defferently, but to heck with the others that are different! - BilCat (talk) 23:21, 28 February 2010 (UTC) Hmmmm.... not sure whether this is a move or a merge, both articles have non-trivial histories although there is a lot of text in common. Andrewa16:46, 21 October 2007 (UTC) 1. Actually, Federalism in the United States is now a redirect here, as the merge was completed several days/weeks ago. I'll tag the pages for a history merge (which only an admin can do) so we can keep the edit histories of both pages. - BillCJ17:43, 21 October 2007 (...

    Seriously, it gives little information on the Federalists, or what they believed. You can learn more about them through the Federalist Papers article and the Anti-Federalist articles. 1. It's not about the Federalist party, its about the system of federalism in the Unites States. Next time come a little more informed before you condemn an entire article. Eternalmonkey18:31, 15 October 2007 (UTC)

    The Constitution states that the United States is comprised of a number of seperate states, not divided into a number of seperate states.Jgharston (talk) 19:43, 12 December 2010 (UTC)

    Shared Sovereignty currently redirects to this article. Wouldn't it make more sense for it to redirect to Sovereignty, or its section on Shared Sovreignty, or the article on Condominium? I'm not really sure why this term redirects to this article, rather than articles about the term itself...2607:8400:2802:10:250:56FF:FEAB:339C (talk) 06:58, 3 February 2014 (UTC)

    Maybe it's just my own bias, but this article doesn't strike me as neutral enough in tone. It seems to be explaining how the Federal government slowly took power from the states as if that was a good thing (in most places), but I assure you that not everyone agrees with that viewpoint. I mean, perhaps it's clever of the Federals to "reach directly to local political machines in order to bypass state legislatures", but is it right? Aren't state legislatures there for a reason, and isn't it kind of messed up for the Federal government to be finding ways to "bypass" them when they realize that the elected state legislatures won't follow along with them? Not that that has stopped them in the past..."legality" and other minor things like that are of secondary importance to the Federal government when it comes to getting what they want. And what about So, basically, it was the end game of the chess match? They slowly passed precedent after precedent, including spending money under the "ge...

    A large section of this article is totally plagiarized from a separate website; specifically "Despite the Supreme Court’s stubbornness on guarding states’ rights, much of the modern federal apparatus owes its origins to changes that occurred during the period between 1861 and 1933. While banks had long been incorporated and regulated by the states, the National Bank Acts of 1863 and 1864 saw Congress establish a network of national banks that had their reserve requirements set by officials in Washington. During World War I, a system of federal banks devoted to aiding farmers was established, and a network of federal banks designed to promote homeownership came into existence in the last year of Herbert Hoover's administration. Congress used its power over interstate commerce to regulate the rates of interstate (and eventually intrastate)..."

  4. Pages in category "Federalism in the United States" The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

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