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  1. First Philippine Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › First_Philippine_Republic

    When the First Philippine Republic was constituted on January 22, 1899 in Malolos, that municipality became the seat of government of the Philippine Republic, and was serving as such when hostilities erupted between U.S. and Filipino forces in the Second Battle of Manila on February 4.

  2. Talk:First Philippine Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:First_Philippine_Republic
    • Unang Republika Pilipinas
    • Pictures of The Malolos Congress
    • Superfluous Ranks
    • Help on History
    • Capitals
    • My Comments Regarding The Republika Ng Filipinas Map.
    • Criticism Section
    • Discussion Related to This Article
    • Edits to The Lead
    • Removed Some Longstanding Confusion

    If I remember seeing the five-peso bill correctly, the text there (in Tagalog) refers to the First Philippine Republic as Unang Republika Pilipina, which I put up in the article, but was later reverted. Just wanting to check now if I can change it back. --Sky Harbor19:22, 22 July 2006 (UTC) 1. 1.1. I don't have an old 5-peso bill with me but you're probably correct. However, Unang Republika Pilipina sounds Spangalog (Spanish-Tagalog) for Primera Republica Filipina. I think Unang Republika ng Pilipinas is more grammatically correct. --Pula Bughaw15:12, 31 July 2006 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. There's a picture of one in the Philippine peso billsarticle, but this was the text in the plaque issued by the National Historical Committee according to the five-peso bill (I have one myself): 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. 1.1.1.1. REPUBLIKA PILIPINA, 1898-1901 1.1.1.2. Sa kumbentong ito itinatag ang Presidensiya ng Unang Republika Pilipina na pinanguluhan ni Kgg. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famyat dito'y nanatili mula noon...

    Hi! I have some reference material on the First Philippine Republic and the cast of characters. I just have to type it up and post it. Maybe this weekend. Pictures will be a little harder to come by though. I do know that the picture of the Malolos Congress that's posted is NOT the only picture of the event. I think I can get hold of a picture of Aguinaldo as he was arriving at the churchyard. --Pula Bughaw15:12, 31 July 2006 (UTC) 1. Good idea! You may remove the only picture that is in existence description if you can get a hold of more pictures. And maybe you can help on the other to-do's. -- Emir21407:39, 2 August 2006 (UTC)

    Howard, I don't think we need to specify Gen. Trias was a general in his cabinet listing. As in the case of Aguinaldo, the rank of general is subordinate to that of his civilian position. For example, Baldomero Aguinaldo was also a general and in later cabinets, Basilio Valdes was a general and in the Quezon and Osmena war cabinets, but the generaliship is not relevant to the civilian office. Gareon07:36, 29 October 2006 (UTC) 1. Notice that I merely removed the "Gen." out of the [[ and ]] which made Mariano Trias red-linked. --Howard the Duck09:46, 30 October 2006 (UTC) there are lot of things we need to know about the First Republic because it started all in here where our first president make this law to protect our country and meet our freedom. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 125.60.209.70 (talk) 03:37, 1 August 2010 (UTC)

    The infobox development is complete. Instead, you may help on the "History" section. - Emir21408:57, 30 October 2006 (UTC)

    Can somebody add the dates on the capitals. It will be assumed that all 4 were capitals at the same time. There had to be more historical capitals, like little towns when Aguinaldo's government was retreating. Also update those found at List of historical national capitals. --Howard the Duck09:46, 30 October 2006 (UTC) Howard, I don't know if "General Aguinaldo slept here" makes a place a capital. It seems from what the books say that the government would have had to "officially" settle in a place to make that the provisional capital of the country.Gareon12:55, 30 October 2006 (UTC) 1. While attending a quiz bee at UP, there was question on national capitals, and it had several unnotable towns (I remembered it was on Pangasinan). As long as Aguinaldo that the was the capital city of the First Republic, that'll be enough proof. --Howard the Duck13:45, 30 October 2006 (UTC) I consulted some sources. "1900-2000: The Philippine Century" by the Philippines Free Press has a chrono...

    The green color of the map must not shed the whole map of the Philippine archipelago at that time, The Western portions of Mindanao are composed of an independent sultanate "THE SULTANATE OF SULU". thank you. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 121.54.68.114 (talk) 07:10, 4 January 2009 (UTC) 1. Hmmm... There is an article on Sultanate of Sulu, though a quick look at it didn't give me much understanding of either the territorial extent or the territorial development timeline. I don't know much about this area, but it may be relevant that Nu’ain Bin Abdulhaqq, an official of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), contends that celebrating June 12, 1898 (a date earlier than the December 10, 1898 signing date of the Treaty of Paris) as the date of Philippine independence provides the pretext for Moro independence. 1.1. Nu’ain Bin Abdulhaqq (13 June 2006), COMMENTARY: June 12 and the Bangsamoro Nation, MindaNews, retrieved 2008-12.10 Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)(see pub...

    Should there be a criticism section, if historical critism can be found from reliable source references? --RightCowLeftCoast (talk) 12:47, 27 August 2009 (UTC)

    There is a discussion related to this article in progress at Talk:Philippine–American War#First Philippine Republic: Insurgent?. Some editors of this article might want to contribute to that discussion. If the discussion grows much, it would probably make sense to continue it here rather than there. Wtmitchell (talk) (earlier Boracay Bill)05:42, 4 November 2009 (UTC)

    I've made some edits final paragraph of the lead section. The second sentence of the final paragraph was a run-on sentence reading as follows: There are several problems here, e.g., (1) the dictatorial government didn't come into existence until 18 June, (2) the revolutionary government didn't come into existence until 23 June, (3) the Philippine Declaration of Independence didn't proclaim a republic, (4) the republic didn't come into existence until January 22, 1899, when the Malolos Constitution was promulgated. I've rewritten that sentence and the one following into several separate sentences and cited supporting sources. Wtmitchell (talk) (earlier Boracay Bill)06:51, 15 September 2010 (UTC)

    In this edit, I removed some longstanding text about the Philippine Declaration of Independence from the article from the Philippine-American War section because that declaration was made prior to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, by or on behalf of a dictatorial government which had been proclaimed but not yet established at the time, before the Philippine-American War began; it declared independence from Spain, not the US. Assertions in the removed text re Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao, and Sulu, if supportable, might be appropriate for other articles but their relevance here was unclear as presented. Wtmitchell (talk) (earlier Boracay Bill)03:48, 21 January 2012 (UTC) Here, I've removed some more confusion. Miguel Malvar (not Macario Sakay) assumed the presidency of the insurgent Philippine Republic government after Aguinaldo was captured. The Tagalog Republic was separate, later, and different. Wtmitchell (talk) (earlier Boracay Bill)04:03, 21 January 2012 (UTC)

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  4. Flag of the Philippines - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Flag_of_First_Philippine

    First official flag of the Philippine republic and used during the Philippine Revolution. The flag was created in Naic, Cavite and first displayed in 1897. It features an eight-rayed white sun with a mythical face on a field of red.

    • Feliciano Jocson
    • 1:2
  5. Malolos Constitution - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Malolos_Constitution

    The First Philippine Republic never gained international recognition and the Malolos Constitution was never fully implemented across the Philippines. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War , the United States in the Treaty of Paris of 1898 acquired the Philippines from Spain, along with several other territories.

  6. First Philippine Republic - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader

    wikimili.com › en › First_Philippine_Republic

    Mar 14, 2021 · First President of the Philippines, Emilio Aguinaldo, in the field. The Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic in Malolos, January 23, 1899. The Philippine Republic (Spanish: República Filipina; Tagalog: Repúblikáng Pilipino), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.

  7. First Philippine Republic - The Reader Wiki, Reader View of ...

    thereaderwiki.com › en › First_Philippine_Republic
    • History
    • Organization
    • Finances
    • Military
    • Seats of Government
    • See Also

    In 1896, the Philippine Revolution began against Spanish colonial rule. In 1897, Philippine forces led by Aguinaldo signed a ceasefire with the Spanish authorities and Aguinaldo and other leaders went into exile in Hong Kong. In April 1898, the Spanish–American War broke out. The U.S. Navy's Asiatic Squadron, then in Hong Kong, sailed to the Philippines to engage the Spanish naval forces. On May 1, 1898, the U.S. Navy decisively defeated the Spanish Navy in the Battle of Manila Bay. Later in May, Aguinaldo returned to the Philippines, established a dictatorial government on May 24, 1898 (formally established by decree on June 18), and on June 12, 1898, at Aguinaldo's ancestral home in Cavite, issued the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain. Following the proclamation of independence Aguinaldo established a revolutionary government on June 23, 1898, under which the partly-elected and partly-appointed Malolos Congressconvened on September 15 to write a constitution. On De...

    Presidency

    Executive power was exercised by the President, through his cabinet secretaries. The incumbent president of the Revolutionary Republicinitially assumed the presidency. Presidents were elected by the legislature to terms of four years and is eligible for reelection. 1. Confer civil and military employment in accordance to the law; 2. Appoint Secretaries of Government; 3. Direct diplomatic and commercial relations with other powers; 4. Ensure the swift and complete administration of justice in...

    National cabinet

    The constitution established a Council of Government (Cabinet), composed of a President and seven Secretaries. The following individuals were appointed to Cabinet positions: Notes The cabinetonly met in a few times in 1899. The following are the executive departments: Foreign Relations, Interior, Finance, War and the Navy, Public Instruction, Public Works and Communications, Agriculture, Industries and Commerce.

    Legislature

    Legislative power was exercised by an Assembly of Representatives initially composed by members of the Revolutionary Government and subsequently elected to four year terms and organized in the form and manner determined by law and referred to at various points in the constitution as the National Assembly. It specified that assembly members would be chosen by election, but left the manner of the election to be later specified by law. The assembly was initially composed of the former members of...

    One of the important laws passed by the Malolos Congress was the law providing for a national loan to buoy the national budget in which the Republic was trying to balance. The loan, worth 20 million pesos, was to be paid in 40 years with an annual interest of six percent. The law was decreed by Aguinaldo on November 30, 1898.[clarification needed][page needed]

    When Philippine independence was declared on June 12, 1898, the Philippine Revolutionary Army was renamed the Philippine Republican Army. Aguinaldo then appointed Antonio Lunaas Director or Assistant Secretary of War by September 28, 1898, and the Philippines first military school, the Academia Militar was established in Malolos. When the Republic was inaugurated on January 23, Luna had succeeded Artemio Ricarteas the Commanding General of the Republican Army. With such powers at hand, Luna attempted to transform the weak, undisciplined revolutionary army into a disciplined regular army for the service of the Republic.

    Cavite El Viejo – The hometown of General Aguinaldo where the declaration of independencewas proclaimed on June 12, 1898.
    Bacoor, Cavite– The declaration of independence was first ratified in Cuenca House by 190 municipal presidents of different towns from 16 provinces.
    Malolos, Bulacan– In September 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo made the Paroquia dela Inmaculada Concepcion, an Augustinian-built town church (now Cathedral Basilica) of Malolos, the executive palac...
    Angeles, Pampanga– On March 17, 1899, General Emilio Aguinaldo transferred the seat of the First Philippine Republic to Angeles. It then became the site of celebrations for the first anniversary of...
  8. List of presidents of the Philippines - Simple English ...

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_presidents_of

    The First Philippine Republic was inaugurated on January 23, 1899 at Malolos, and ended on March 23, 1901 when President Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by the Americans at Palanan. President of the First Philippine Republic (Malolos Republic) [1]

  9. Second Philippine Republic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Second_Philippine_Republic
    • Overview
    • Background
    • The Republic

    The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines and also known as the Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic, was a puppet state established on October 14, 1943, during the Japanese occupation.

    After the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, President Manuel L. Quezon had declared the national capital Manila an "open city", and left it under the rule of Jorge B. Vargas, as mayor. The Japanese entered the city on January 2, 1942, and established it as the capital. Japan fully captured the Philippines on May 6, 1942, after the Battle of Corregidor. General Masaharu Homma decreed the dissolution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and established the Philippine Executive Commission, a

    The Greater East Asia Conference was an international summit held in Tokyo from November 5 to 6, 1943, in which Japan hosted the heads of state of various component members of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The event was also referred to as the Tokyo Conference. The

    During his term in office, Laurel was faced with various problems that the country was experiencing, such as the following: 1. Shortages of food, clothing, oil, and other necessities 2. Heavy Japanese military presence throughout the entire region 3. Japanese control of transport

    Prioritizing the shortages of food, he organized an agency to distribute rice, even though most of the rice was confiscated by Japanese soldiers. Manila was one of the many places in the country that suffered from severe shortages, due mainly to a typhoon that struck the country

  10. The First Philippine Republic - National Historical ...

    nhcp.gov.ph › the-first-philippine-republic

    Sep 07, 2012 · THE FIRST PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC Though short-lived, the First Philippine, nonetheless catapulted the Filipino nation onto the world’s consciousness carving not only a place among the family of nations but also a distinct niche as the first republic in Asia. While much of the world was oblivious to its birthing, the First Republic continue reading : The First Philippine Republic

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