From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Georgian scripts are the three writing systems used to write the Georgian language: Asomtavruli, Nuskhuri and Mkhedruli. Although the systems differ in appearance, all three are unicase, their letters share the same names and alphabetical order, and are written horizontally from left to right.
Georgian (ქართული ენა, romanized: kartuli ena, pronounced [kʰartʰuli ɛna]) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia. Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script.
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From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ancient Asomtavruli version of Georgian alphabet in David Gareja Monastery by Paata Vardanshvili The Georgian alphabet is used to write in the Georgian language and other Kartvelian languages. The alphabet is called Khutsuri, first said around in the 11th century.
However, most scholars link the creation of the Georgian script to the process of Christianization of Iberia, a core Georgian kingdom of Kartli. The alphabet was therefore most probably created between the conversion of Iberia under Mirian III (326 or 337) and the Bir el Qutt inscriptions of 430, contemporaneously with the Armenian alphabet.
Main article: Georgian scripts Old Georgian was written in its own alphabetic script, known as Asomtavruli "capital letters" or Mrglovani "rounded". The alphabet is very nearly phonemic, showing an excellent "fit" between phonemes and graphemes.
- History of The Georgian Alphabet
- External Links
Historically there have been three different alphabets to write the Georgian language, each used for a different purpose. The only one we care about is the currently used alphabet, called mkhedruli(მხედრული, "secular" or "military writing").
The modern Georgian alphabet has thirty-three letters. Additionally, seven of the original forty mkhedruliletters are now obsolete, and are in blue on the table. The Georgian script makes no distinction between upper and lower case. However, some Georgian fonts include capitals, which are just larger versions of the letters, and certain modern writers have experimented with using the obsolete asomtavruliletters as capitals.
The Georgian language has a phonemic orthography; this means some letters are pronounced differently depending on where they are in the word. Fortunately this means that if you know the rules Georgian is very predictable. English has sounds similar to most of the sounds in Georgian, including all of the vowels and twenty of the consonants. However some of the consonants have different rules, and eight are very different from sounds in English.
To write Georgian, you will need to install a Georgian font and keyboard on your computer. For this, see Georgian on your computer. This table only lists the modern (monocameral) mkhedruli alphabet (i.e. 33 letters that are also convertible to the other two alphabets, excluding the 7 additional mkhedruliletters that are now obsolete).
Brahmic scripts descended from the Brahmi script. Brahmi is clearly attested from the 3rd century BC during the reign of Ashoka , who used the script for imperial edicts , but there are some claims of earlier epigraphy found on pottery in South India and Sri Lanka .
- Notable Features
- Used to Write
- Georgian Mkhedruli Alphabet
- Georgian Pronunciation
- Sample Text in Georgian
The Mkhedruli alphabet developed from an older Georgian alphabet known as Nuskhuri between the 11th and 13th centuries. The name Mkhedruli comes from the word mkhedari which means 'of horseman'. The Nuskhuri alphabet developed from the Asomtavruli alphabet.At first Mkhedruli was used only for secular writing, while for religious writings a mixture of the two older alphabets was used. Eventually Nuskhuri became the main alphabet for religious texts and Asomtavruli was used only for titles and...
1. Type of writing system: alphabet 2. Direction of writing: left to right, horizontal 3. When printed, Mkhedruli letters are not connected at all, though they can be in cursive handwriting. 4. The headline letters are used for titles and headlines. 5. Georgian has no symbols for numerals. Each letter has a numerical value as well as a phonological one, but Indic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc) are normally used. 6. The order of the Mkhedruli letters is based on that of the Greek alphabet. The Georg...
Georgian (ქართული ენა), a Kartvelian or South Caucasian language spoken by about 4.1 million people mainly in Georgia (საქართველო), and also in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA and UzbekistanMingrelian (მარგალური ნინა), a South Caucasian language spoken in north-western Georgia by perhaps half a million people.Laz (ლაზური ნენა), a South Caucasian language closely related to Mingrelian and spoken in Turkey and Georgia by...
1. The letters in red are no longer used. 2. The names of the letters in the Georgian alphabet are the formal, traditional names. The letters names in the IPA are the usual way to refer to them. 3. The letters used to have the numerical values shown.
Download a Georgian alphabet chart in Word or PDF formatInformation about the Georgian alphabet from Konstantin Gugeshashvili
Qvela adamiani ibadeba tavisupali da tanasts'ori tavisi ghirsebita da uplebebit. Mat minich'ebuli akvt goneba da sindisi da ertmanetis mimart unda iktseodnen dzmobis sulisk'vetebit.A recording of this text by George Keretchashvili
Information about the Georgian language and alphabets http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_language http://www.aboutgeorgia.net/language/Georgian language courses http://www.101languages.net/georgian/ http://mylanguages.org/georgian_audio.php http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~shorena/ http://www.georgian-language.com http://polymath.org/georgian.phpGeorgian alphabet game Learn Georgian Alphabet NowGeorgian - a reading grammar (PDF) http://www.seelrc.org:8080/grammar/pdf/stand_alone_georgian.pdfGe...
The lari (Georgian: ლარი; ISO 4217: GEL) is the currency of Georgia.It is divided into 100 tetri.The name lari is an old Georgian word denoting a hoard, property, while tetri is an old Georgian monetary term (meaning 'white') used in ancient Colchis from the 6th century BC.
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- letter of the Georgian alphabet