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  1. How the Immigration Act of 1917 Limited US Immigration

    www.thoughtco.com › us-immigration-act-of-1917-4125136
    • Details and Effects of The Immigration Act of 1917
    • Effect of The Immigration Act of 1917
    • Isolationism Drove The Immigration Act of 1917
    • Amendments Restore Us Immigration

    From the late 1800s to the early 1900s, no nation welcomed more immigrants into its borders than the United States. In 1907 alone, a record 1.3 million immigrants entered the U.S. through New York’s Ellis Island. However, the Immigration Act of 1917, a product of the pre-World War I isolationism movement,would drastically change that. Also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, the Immigration Act of 1917 barred immigrants from a large part of the world loosely defined as “any country not owned by the U.S. adjacent to the continent of Asia.” In practice, the barred zone provision excluded immigrants from Afghanistan, the Arabian Peninsula, Asiatic Russia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, and the Polynesian Islands. However, both Japan and the Philippines were excluded from the barred zone. The law also allowed exceptions for students, certain professionals such as teachers and doctors, and their wives and children. Other provisions of the law increased the “head tax” immigrants were require...

    To say the least, the Immigration Act of 1917 had the impact desired by its supporters. According to the Migration Policy Institute, only about 110,000 new immigrants were allowed to enter the United States in 1918, compared to more than 1.2 million in 1913. Further limiting immigration, Congress passed the National Origins Act of 1924, which for the first time established an immigration-limiting quota system and required all immigrants to be screened while still in their countries of origin. The law resulted in the virtual closure of Ellis Island as an immigrant processing center. After 1924, the only immigrants still being screened at Ellis Island were those who had problems with their paperwork, war refugees, and displaced persons.

    As an outgrowth of the American isolationism movement that dominated the 19th century, the Immigration Restriction League was founded in Boston in 1894. Seeking mainly to slow the entry of “lower-class” immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, the group lobbied Congress to pass legislationrequiring immigrants to prove their literacy. In 1897, Congress passed an immigrant literacy bill sponsored by Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, but President Grover Cleveland vetoedthe law. Be early 1917, with America’s participation in World War I appearing inevitable, demands for isolationism hit an all-time high. In that growing atmosphere of xenophobia, Congress easily passed the Immigration Act of 1917 and then overrode President Woodrow Wilson’s veto of the law by a supermajority vote.

    The negative effects of drastically reduced immigration and the general inequity of laws like the Immigration Act of 1917 soon become apparent and Congress reacted. With World War I reducing the American workforce, Congress amended the Immigration Act of 1917 to reinstate a provision exempting Mexican farm and ranch workers from the entry tax requirement. The exemption was soon extended to Mexican mining and railroad industry workers. Shortly after the end of World War II, the Luce-Celler Act of 1946, sponsored by Republican Representative Clare Boothe Luce and Democrat Emanuel Celler, eased immigration and naturalizationrestrictions against Asian Indian and Filipino immigrants. The law allowed the immigration of up to 100 Filipinos and 100 Indians per year and again allowed Filipino and Indian immigrants to become United States citizens. The law also allowed naturalized Indian Americans and Filipino Americans to own homes and farms and to petition for their family members to be all...

  2. Immigration Act of 1917 (Barred Zone Act) - Immigration History

    immigrationhistory.org › item › 1917-barred-zone-act

    Immigration Act of 1917 (Barred Zone Act) 1917 Although this law is best known for its creation of a “barred zone” extending from the Middle East to Southeast Asia from which no persons were allowed to enter the United States, its main restriction consisted of a literacy test intended to reduce European immigration.

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  4. Immigration Act of 1917 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Immigration_Act_of_1917

    The Immigration Act of 1917 was a United States Act that aimed to restrict immigration by imposing literacy tests on immigrants, creating new categories of inadmissible persons, and barring immigration from the Asia-Pacific zone. The most sweeping immigration act the United States had passed until that time, it followed the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 in marking a turn toward nativism. The 1917 act governed immigration policy until it was amended by the Immigration Act of 1924; both acts were

    • An Act to regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States.
    • the 64th United States Congress
    • Asiatic Barred Zone Act
    • Pub.L. 64–301
  5. Immigration Act of 1917 » Immigration to the United States

    www.immigrationtounitedstates.org › 588-immigration-act-of

    The Immigration Act of 1917 also barred most immigration from Asia. Chinese immigrants were already barred by the Chinese Exclusion Acts and the Japanese by the Gentlemen’s Agreement. In addition, the act created the "Asiatic Barred Zone,” which encompassed India, Afghanistan, Persia (now Iran), Arabia, parts of the Ottoman Empire and Russia, Southeast Asia, and the Asian-Pacific islands.

  6. Immigration Act of 1917 | Densho Encyclopedia

    encyclopedia.densho.org › Immigration Act of 1917

    Jul 17, 2015 · In 1917, a new piece of immigration legislation was passed by Congress that expanded the list of reasons why individuals could be excluded from entry to the United States, a literacy test was added, and what became known as the Asiatic Barred Zone was created.

  7. The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)

    history.state.gov › 1921-1936 › immigration-act

    The 1917 Act implemented a literacy test that required immigrants over 16 years old to demonstrate basic reading comprehension in any language. It also increased the tax paid by new immigrants upon arrival and allowed immigration officials to exercise more discretion in making decisions over whom to exclude.

  8. 'Immigration Act of 1917' Turns 100: America's Long History ...

    www.livescience.com › 57756-1917-immigration-act

    Feb 05, 2017 · The Immigration Act of 1917, also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, prohibited immigration from any country that was on or adjacent to Asia but was "not owned by the U.S.," according to a...

  9. Literacy Tests and Asian Exclusion Were the Hallmarks of the ...

    www.smithsonianmag.com › history › how-america

    Feb 06, 2017 · The act also levied an $8 tax on every adult immigrant (about $160 today) and barred all immigrants from the “Asiatic zone.” Congress voted to override President Wilson's veto of the act in 1916.

    • Lorraine Boissoneault
  10. The economic effects of restricting immigration – lessons ...

    theconversation.com › the-economic-effects-of

    Nov 29, 2017 · The US president at the time, Calvin Coolidge, signed the Immigration Act of 1924. For him, restrictive immigration was, to a large extent, for economic purposes. It was designed to keep wages and ...

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