- The phonological system of Old Spanish was quite similar to that of other medieval Romance languages . Among the consonants, there were seven sibilants, including three sets of voiceless / voiced pairs:
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The poem Cantar de Mio Cid ('The Poem of the Cid'), published around 1200, remains the best known and most extensive work of literature in Old Spanish. Contents 1 Phonology 1.1 Sibilants 1.2 Bilabial consonants 1.2.1 Voiced 1.2.2 Voiceless 1.3 ch 1.4 Palatal nasal 2 Spelling 2.1 Greek digraphs 2.2 Word-initial Y to I 2.3 i/j, u/v 3 Morphology
This means that in the early 16th century Andalucian Spanish retained essentially the Old Spanish six-sibilant system. However, during the 16th century, the distinction between the dental and alveolar sibilants was lost. This merger was realized in two ways.
out by Amado Alonso,13 there exists strong evidence in favor of [dž] everywhere. Even if the arguments derived by the same author from his examination of Spanish-Arabic correspondences should fail to convince us,14 the [dž] of Judeo-Spanish in such words as general, ángel , vergel 16 would afford clear support for the assumption of an affricate
LING 150, Historical Linguistics Spring 2013, Moore 1 The Development of Spanish Sibilants 1. Old Spanish (1) phoneme orthography examples dentals voiceless /t̪s̪/ > /s̪/ c, ç decir /det̪̪s̪ir/ > /des̪ir/ ‘descend’
4.8 Latin f- to Spanish h- to null 4.9 Silent Latin h- 4.10 Modern development of the Old Spanish sibilants 4.11 Interchange of the liquids /l/ and /r/ 4.12 Yeísmo 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links Main distinguishing features [ edit]