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    Illinois ( / ˌɪləˈnɔɪ / ( listen) IL-ə-NOY) is a state in the Midwestern United States. Chicago is its largest city, and the state's capital is Springfield; other major metropolitan areas include Metro East (of Greater St. Louis ), Peoria and Rockford. Of the fifty U.S. states, Illinois has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP ...

    • Politics
    • History
    • Economy
    • Government
    • Population
    • People from Illinois
    • State Symbols
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    Political climate In Illinois today

    Most of Illinois outside of Chicago (its most populous city) is heavily conservative. In 2016, for example, nearly 40 counties in Illinois gave Trump70% or more of the vote there. However, Chicago makes up over half of the state´s population, and Cook County (in which Chicago is located) gave Trump just 21% of the vote there. Therefore, the governor of Illinois is currently a Democrat, as are both its US Senators and over 70% of its representatives. In 2016, Hillary Clinton won the state by 1...

    Historically voting Republican

    Illinois used to vote Republican. In all the presidential elections between 1856 and 1892, it supported the Republican candidate.

    Former swing state

    Illinois was a swing state, but it isn´t a swing state anymore. In all the presidential elections in which it has voted, it has supported the winner 82% of the time. Out of the last 5 presidential elections, however, it has supported the winner only 40% of the time.

    The most prominent tribes in Illinois were the Illinois, Miami, Winnebago, Fox and Sacs (Sauk), Kickapoo, and Pottawatomie tribes. The Illinois Native Americans were composed of five subdivisions including Kaskaskias, Cahokias, Tamaroas, Peorias, and Metchigamis. Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. Illinois was the first state to ratify th...

    Illinois has a diverse economy. Chicago is a major center for transportation and business. Central and northern Illinois is mostly used for agriculture. The south produces many natural resources such as coal, timber and petroleum.

    Illinois was once known to be a swing state (voted for either Democratic Party or the Republican Party). Today, Illinois is known to be a blue state, voting for the Democratic Party. The last time Illinois voted for a Republican president was in 1988 for George H.W. Bush. J. B. Pritzker (D) is the current Governor of Illinois. It has two senators; ...

    Illinois has the average population of 12,419,293 people since 2010. Most of the people living in Illinois live near the city of Chicago.

    Famous Illinoisans include: 1. 16th President Abraham Lincoln 2. 40th President Ronald Reagan 3. 44th President Barack Obama 4. Former First Lady Michelle Obama 5. Former First Lady, Senator of New York, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton 6. Architect Frank Lloyd Wright 7. Mayor of Chicago Richard M. Daley 8. Former First Lady Betty Ford...

    In Illinois, school children voted to select the state bird, state flower, and state tree. The state bird is the cardinal. The state flower of Illinois is the violet. The state tree is the white oak. Illinois's seal has an eagle in a prairie. Across a river, behind the eagle is a rising sun. The eagle stands for the United States. The prairie remin...

    • United States
    • Chicago
  2. Illinois ( pronunciación en inglés: /ˌɪləˈnɔɪ/ escuchar «ilinói»; antiguamente en español Ilinés 3 ) es uno de los cincuenta estados que, junto con Washington D. C., forman los Estados Unidos. Su capital es Springfield y su ciudad más poblada, Chicago. Está ubicado en la región Medio Oeste del país, división Centro Noreste ...

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    • Overview
    • Location and boundaries
    • Exploration and settlement
    • British province of Quebec
    • Illinois Country under American control

    The Illinois Country —sometimes referred to as Upper Louisiana —was a vast region of New France claimed in the 1600s in what is now the Midwestern United States. While these names generally referred to the entire Upper Mississippi River watershed, French colonial settlement was concentrated along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in what is now t...

    The boundaries of the Illinois Country were defined in a variety of ways, but the region now known as the American Bottom was nearly at the center of all descriptions. One of the earliest known geographic features designated as Ilinois was what later became known as Lake Michigan, on a map prepared in 1671 by French Jesuits. Early French missionari...

    The first French explorations of the Illinois Country were in the first half of the 17th century, led by explorers and missionaries based in Canada. Étienne Brûlé explored the upper Illinois country in 1615 but did not document his experiences. Joseph de La Roche Daillon reached an oil spring at the northeasternmost fringe of the Mississippi River ...

    Following the British occupation of the east bank of the Mississippi in 1765, some Canadien settlers remained in the area, while others crossed the river, forming new settlements such as St. Louis. The British faced an uprising of Native Americans known as Pontiac's War. Longtime allies of the French, the Kaskaskia and Peoria tribes had resisted th...

    During the Revolutionary War, General George Rogers Clark took possession of the part of the Illinois Country east of the Mississippi for Virginia. In November 1778, the Virginia legislature created the county of Illinois, comprising all of the lands lying west of the Ohio River to which Virginia had any claim, with Kaskaskia as the county seat. Ca...

    • Overview
    • Pre-Columbian era
    • European exploration and colonization
    • American Territory
    • Statehood
    • 20th century

    The history of Illinois may be defined by several broad historical periods, namely, the pre-Columbian period, the era of European exploration and colonization, its development as part of the American frontier, its early statehood period, growth in the 19th and 20th centuries, and contemporary Illinois of today.

    Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. Several burial mounds and adobe structures were created in Southern Illinois across the Mississippi River from St. Louis. A gigantic mound, known as Monks Mound near Cahokia, is about the same height from its base as the Pyrami...

    French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in 1673. As a result of their exploration, the Illinois Country was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory.

    The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. An early western outpost of the United States, Fort Dearborn, was established in 1803, and the creation of the Illinois Territory followed on February 3, 1809.

    On December 3, 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. Early U.S. expansion began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. In 1832, some Native American "Indians" returned from Iowa but were driven out in the Black Hawk War, fought by militia. Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" becaus...

    In the 20th century, Illinois emerged as one of the most important states in the Union. Edward F. Dunne was a Chicago Democrat and leader of the progressive movement, who served as governor 1913–1917. He was succeeded by Frank O. Lowden, who led the war effort and was Republican presidential hopeful in 1920. Democrat Adlai Stevenson served as gover...

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