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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named Jack Black, see Jack Black (disambiguation). Thomas Jacob " Jack " Black (born August 28, 1969) is an American actor, comedian, singer, and songwriter. He is known for his roles in the films The Cable Guy (1996), Cradle Will Rock (1999), Orange County (2002), School of Rock (2003 ...
Thomas Jacob "Jack" Black (born August 28, 1969,) is an American actor, voice actor, comedian, musician, producer, singer and writer.He is an important member of the Frat Pack, a name used by members of the media for a group of comedians active in today's Hollywood movies.
Jack Black (1871–1932) was a hobo and professional burglar.Born in 1871 in New Westminster, British Columbia, he was raised from infancy in the U.S. state of Missouri.He wrote You Can't Win (Macmillan, 1926), a memoir or sketched autobiography describing his days on the road and life as an outlaw.
Jack Black. Thomas Jacob " Jack " Black (born August 28, 1969) is an American actor, producer, comedian, vyce airtist, writer, an muisician. His actin career haes been extensive, starrin primarily as bumblin an cocky but internally self-conscious ootsiders in comedy films, tho he haes played some serious roles.
- Rules of Play at Casinos
- Rule Variations and Effects on House Edge
- Blackjack Strategy
- Side Bets
- Blackjack Tournaments
- Video Blackjack
- Variants of The Game
- Related Games
Blackjack's immediate precursor was the English version of twenty-one called Vingt-Un, a game of unknown provenance, but probably of Spanish origin. The first written reference is found in a book by the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes, most famous for writing Don Quixote. Cervantes was a gambler, and the main characters of his tale "Rinconete y Cortadillo", from Novelas Ejemplares, are a couple of cheats working in Seville. They are proficient at cheating at veintiuna (Spanish for "twenty-one"), and state that the object of the game is to reach 21 points without going over and that the ace values 1 or 11. The game is played with the Spanish baraja deck. This short story was written between 1601 and 1602, implying that ventiuna was played in Castilesince the beginning of the 17th century or earlier. Later references to this game are found in France and Spain. The first record of the game in France occurs in 1768 and in Britain during the 1770s and 1780s, but the first rules anywhe...
Players are each dealt two cards, individually facing up or down depending on the casino and the table. In the U.S., the dealer is also dealt two cards, normally one up (exposed) and one down (hidden). In most other countries, the dealer only receives one card face up. The value of cards two through ten is their pip value (2 through 10). Face cards (Jack, Queen, and King) are all worth ten. Aces can be worth one or eleven. A hand's value is the sum of the card values. Players are allowed to draw additional cards to improve their hands. A hand with an ace valued as 11 is called "soft", meaning that the hand will be guaranteed to not score more than 21 by taking an additional card. The value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding 21. Otherwise, the hand is called "hard". Once all the players have completed their hands, it is the dealer's turn. The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either exceeded the total of 21 or received blackjacks. The de...
At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table. Between one and eight standard 52-card decks are shuffledtogether. At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play. That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting. The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind". Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box. In many U.S. casinos, however, players are limited to playing two or three positions at a table and often only...
Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here in percentage points, not percentage. For example, if an edge of 10% is reduced to 9%, it is reduced by onepercentage point, not reduced by ten percent. The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino. The rule variations of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table. Players are allowed to ask the dealer of tables they are attending for any unclear rules. Over 100 variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game. This house edge is primarily due to the fact that the player will lose when both the player and dealer bust. However, blackjack players using basic strategy will lose less than 1% of t...
Each blackjack game has a basic strategy, which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage(the expected loss of the player) is minimized. An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: 1. Four to eight decks 2. The dealer hits on a soft 17 3. A double is allowed after a split 4. Only original bets are lost on dealer blackjack Key: 1. S= Stand 2. H= Hi...
Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total. For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2. The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: 1. It makes the player's 12 a worse hand to stand on...
Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the 1960s. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation. These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklistingif they are detected. The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:
Many blackjack tables offer a side bet on various outcomes including: 1. Player hand and dealer's up card sum to 19, 20, or 21 ("Lucky Lucky") 2. Player initial hand is a pair ("Perfect pairs") 3. Player initial hand is suited, suited and connected, or a suited K-Q ("Royal match") 4. Player initial hand plus dealer's card makes a flush, straight, or three-of-a-kind pokerhand ("21+3") 5. Player initial hand totals 20 ("Lucky Ladies") 6. Dealer upcard is in between the value of the players two cards ("In Bet") 7. First card drawn to the dealer will result in a dealer bust ("Bust It!") 8. One or both of the players cards is the same as the dealers card ("Match the Dealer") The side wager is typically placed in a designated area next to the box for the main wager. A player wishing to wager on a side bet is usually required to place a wager on blackjack. Some games require that the blackjack wager should equal or exceed any side bet wager. A non-controlling player of a blackjack hand is...
Blackjack can be played in tournament form. Players start with an equal numbers of chips; the goal is to finish among the top chip-holders. Depending on the number of competitors, tournaments may be held over several rounds, with one or two players qualifying from each table after a set number of deals to meet the qualifiers from the other tables in the next round. Another tournament format, Elimination Blackjack, drops the lowest-stacked player from the table at pre-determined points in the tournament. Good strategy for blackjack tournaments can differ from non-tournament strategy because of the added dimension of choosing the amount to be wagered. As in poker tournaments, players pay the casino an initial entry fee to participate in a tournament, and re-buys are sometimes permitted.
Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of casino-style games at electronic consoles. Video blackjack game rules are generally more favorable to the house; e.g., paying out only even money for winning blackjacks. Video and online blackjack games generally deal each round from a fresh shoe (i.e., use an RNGfor each deal), rendering card counting ineffective in most situations.
Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world. Most of these games have not been adapted for casino play. Furthermore, the casino game development industry is very active in producing blackjack variants, most of which are ultimately not adopted for widespread use in casinos. The following are the prominent twenty-one themed comparing card games which have been adapted or invented for use in casinos and have become established in the gambling industry. 1. Spanish 21 provides players with many liberal blackjack rules, such as doubling down any number of cards (with the option to rescue, or surrender only one wager to the house), payout bonuses for five or more card 21s, 6–7–8 21s, 7–7–7 21s, late surrender, and player blackjacks always winning and player 21s always winning, at the cost of having no 10 cards in the deck (though there are jacks, queens, and kings). An unlicensed version of Spanish 21 played without a hole ca...
Examples of the many local traditional and recreational related, blackjack-like games include French Vingt-et-un ("Twenty-One") and German Siebzehn und Vier ("Seventeen and Four"). Neither game allows splitting. An ace can only count as eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack. It is mostly played in private circles and barracks. The popular British member of the Vingt-Un family is called Pontoon, the name being probably a corruption of "Vingt-et-un".
- 52 to 416 (one to eight 52-card decks)
- 2+, usually 2–7
Jack Black was born Thomas Jacob Black in Santa Monica, California, to Judith Love (Cohen) and Thomas William Black, both satellite engineers. He is of British-German (father) and Russian Jewish (mother) ancestry. Black attended the University of California at Los Angeles. While at UCLA, he was a member of Tim Robbins 's acting troupe and it ...
Jack Black, Actor: The School of Rock. Jack Black was born Thomas Jacob Black in Santa Monica, California, to Judith Love (Cohen) and Thomas William Black, both satellite engineers. He is of British-German (father) and Russian Jewish (mother) ancestry. Black attended the University of California at Los Angeles. While at UCLA, he was a member of Tim Robbins's acting troupe and it was ...
- 'Bob Roberts,' 'Jesus' Son' In Robbins' political spoof Bob Roberts (1992), Black had a small but critically noted role as a fanatical supporter of the titular presidential hopeful.
- 'High Fidelity' Black's breakthrough came with the 2000 adaptation of the popular Nick Hornby novel High Fidelity. As Barry, a hyper-pretentious record store clerk, Black showcased his knack for brutally acerbic wit.
- 'Shallow Hal,' 'Orange County' Capitalizing on his newfound notoriety, Black starred opposite Gwyneth Paltrow in the romantic comedy Shallow Hal (2001).
- 'School of Rock,' 'King Kong,' 'Nacho Libre' Black hit it big with School of Rock (2003), earning a Golden Globe nomination for his role as a rebellious music teacher.
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