Jungle music From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jungle is a genre of dance music that developed out of the UK rave scene and sound system culture in the 1990s.
The breakbeat hardcore scene of the early 1990s was...
- Rise and popularity
Jungle reached the peak of its popularity in 1994/1995. At...
- Sociocultural context
Jungle was a form of cultural expression for London's lower...
Jungle are a British electronic music duo founded in 2013 by Tom McFarland and Josh Lloyd-Watson. Jungle have released two albums, 2014's Jungle, which was shortlisted for the Mercury Prize that year, and 2018's For Ever. The group is based in London.
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The music grew out of breakbeat hardcore (and its derivatives of darkcore, and jungle). The popularity of drum and bass at its commercial peak ran parallel to several other homegrown dance styles. A major influence was the original Jamaican dub and reggae sound that came into London in the 1980s.
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While the origin of the term 'jungle' music to refer to the developing electronic sound of the 1990s is debatable, the emergence of the term in musical circles can be roughly traced to Jamaican/Caribbean toasting (a precursor to modern MCs), circa 1970.
"Welcome to the Jungle" is a song by American rock band Guns N' Roses, featured on their debut album, Appetite for Destruction (1987). It was released as the album's second single initially in the UK in September 1987 then again in October 1988 this time including the US, where it reached number seven on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 24 on the UK Singles Chart.
Lounge music is a type of easy listening music popular in the 1950s and 1960s. It may be meant to evoke in the listeners the feeling of being in a place, usually with a tranquil theme, such as a jungle, an island paradise or outer space.
Jungle is a 2017 Australian biographical survival drama film, based on the true story of Israeli adventurer Yossi Ghinsberg's 1981 journey into the Amazon rainforest. Directed by Greg McLean and written by Justin Monjo , the film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Ghinsberg, with Alex Russell , Thomas Kretschmann , Yasmin Kassim, Joel Jackson , and ...
- Origin of The Name Jungle
- Sociocultural Context
- The Emergence of The Jungle Sound
- Similarities with Hip Hop
- Breakbeat Science
- Rise and Popularity
Producers and DJs of the early 1990s, including MC 5ive ‘0, Groove Connection and Kingsley Roast, attribute the origin of the word in the scene to pioneers Moose, Soundman and Johnny Jungle. ‘Jungle’ stems from the term ‘junglist‘, which refers to people from Arnett Gardens, an area of Kingston. It is often noted that Rebel MC popularised the term in the UK by sampling the phrase ‘alla the junglists‘ from a tape of a sound-system party in Kingston.
Jungle was a form of cultural expression for London’s lower class urban youth. The post-Thatcherite United Kingdomof the early 1990s had left many young urbanites disenfranchised and disillusioned with a seemingly crumbling societal structure. Jungle reflected these feelings; it was a notably more dark, less euphoric style of music than many of the other styles popular at raves. The music was much more popular with black British youths than other rave styles, such as techno, even though it was heavily influenced by these other rave styles, including those that emerged from the United States. Jungle’s rhythm-as-melody style overturned the dominance of melody-over-rhythm in the hierarchy of Western music, adding to its radical nature. Jungle music, as a scene, was unable to decide whether it wanted to be recognized in the mainstream or if it wanted to avoid misrepresentation. This manifested in the cooperation of Jungle artists and small record labels. Small record labels work to prov...
In the summer of 1992, a Thursday night club in London called Rage was changing the format in response to the commercialization of the rave scene. Resident DJs Fabio and Grooverider, amongst others, began to take the hardcore sound to a new level. The speed of the music increased from 120 bpm to 150 bpm, while more ragga and dancehall elements were brought in and techno, disco and house influences were decreased. Giorgio Moroder’s rhythmic simplification in the form of Eurodisco was reversed by the development of jungle. The safety of the trance-like state produced by disco and housewas replaced with the edginess and danger of disruptive beats. When breakbeat hardcore lost the four-on-the-floor beat and created percussive elements solely from “chopped up” breakbeats, people began to use the terms ‘jungle‘, ‘junglist‘ and ‘junglism‘ to describe the music itself. This was reflected in track titles of the era, typically from late 1992 and early 1993. Rage shut its doors in 1993, but th...
Jungle shares a number of similarities with hip-hop. Both genres of music are produced using the same types of equipment: samplers, drum machines, microphones, and sequencers. Furthermore, both types of music contain the same primary components, including “rhythmic complexity, repetition with subtle variations, the significance of the drum, melodic interest in bass frequencies and breaks in pitch and time.“.
The maturation of Jungle coincided with an increasing ease of computer-based music production, allowing beats to be chopped, processed, and resequenced into higher and higher levels of complexity. Producers began meticulously building breakbeats from scratch with extreme precision, sequencing together individual single shot samples. The percussion took on an eerie chromatic quality through digital effects like time-stretching/compression, pitch shifting, ghosting, and psychedelia style reverse. The resultant polyrhythms of jungle’s “rhythmic psychedelia” triggered a physical as well as mental disorientation in the listener/dancer. The melodic, textural bass differentiated Jungle from the metronomic, pulsating sound of mainstream dance music. This new “dangerbass” was physically experienced and multi-layered.
Jungle music burst onto the scene in the early 1990s as a genre of music arising from techno with strong influences from hip-hop. It became a convergence of the African-American and African-Caribbean diaspora. Simon Reynolds’ article looked at the rise of Jungle music, the techniques, and influences involved in its creation, and the reasons for the boom in popularity. He also discussed the nuances of Jungle and the importance of technology in its creation. Coming into popularity in the early 1990s it was ridiculously upbeat, intense, and even discombobulating. Reynolds compared the effect to that of “a shrew on the verge of a coronary, or, more to the point, a raver’s heartbeat after necking three E’s.” Characterized by the breakbeats and multi-tiered rhythms, Jungle drew support from British b-boys who got swept up into the rave scene, but also from reggae, dancehall, electro, and rap fans alike. Reynolds described it as causing fear and “for many ravers, too funky to dance” yet th...
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