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  1. Komi peoples - Wikipedia › wiki › Komi_peoples

    Komi peoples From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Komi (Komi: комияс) or Komi-Zyryans (Zyryans), are a Permian (Finno-Ugric) ethnic group whose homeland is in the north-east of European Russia around the basins of the Vychegda, Pechora and Kama rivers.

    • Komi Republic

      The Komi people first feature in the records of the Novgorod...

    • Name

      There have been at least three names for the Komis:...

    • Subgroups

      Komi people are divided into two main groups and several...

    • Language

      The Komi language belongs to the Permian branch of the...

    • Religious beliefs

      Most Komis belong to the Russian Orthodox Church, but their...

    • History

      Based on linguistic reconstruction, the prehistoric Permians...

  2. Category:Komi peoples - Wikipedia › wiki › Category:Komi_peoples

    Pages in category "Komi peoples" The following 6 pages are in this category, out of 6 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

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    Where does the Komi ethnic group come from?

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  4. Komi peoples — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Komi_peoples
    • Name
    • Subgroups
    • Language
    • Religious Beliefs
    • History
    • Genetics
    • See Also
    • Sources
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    There have been at least three names for the Komis: Permyaks, Zyr­i­ans (Russ­ian: пер­мя­ки, зыряне) and Komi, the last being the self-des­ig­na­tion of the people. The name Permyaks firstly ap­peared in the 10th cen­tury in Russ­ian sources and came from the an­cient name of the land be­tween the Mezen River and Pe­chora River – Perm or "Great Perm" (Russ­ian: Пермь Великая). Sev­eral ori­gins of the name have been pro­posed but the most ac­cepted is from Veps Peräma "back, outer or far-away land" from Veps perä "back, ex­treme" and ma "land". In Old Norse and Old Eng­lish it was known as Bjar­ma­land and Be­or­mas re­spec­tively but those Ger­manic names might des­ig­nate some other place than the Russ­ian Perm. Since the 20th cen­tury the name has been ap­plied only to the south­ern Komi (Komi-Permyaks) in Perm Krai. In Russ­ian permyakalso means "an in­hab­i­tant of Perm or Perm Krai" in­de­pen­dently from ethnicity. The name for the north­ern Komis – Zyr­i­ans – has a more con...

    Komi peo­ple are di­vided into two main groups and sev­eral smaller sub­groups. The Komi have been tra­di­tion­ally named after the rivers where they live: 1. Komi-Zyryans 1.1. Komi-Izhma of the Izhma River (Komi reindeer herders) 1.1.1. Komi of the Kola Peninsula 1.1.2. Komi of Nenets Autonomous Okrug 1.1.3. Komi of the Lower Ob and Lyapin Rivers 1.2. Komi of the Vashka and Mezen Rivers 1.3. Komi of the Vym River 1.4. Komi of the Lower Ob River 1.5. Komi of the Pechora River 1.6. Komi of the Vychegda River 1.7. Komi of the Sysola River 1.8. Komi of the Letka and Luza Rivers 2. Komi-Permyaks 2.1. Komi of the Yazva River 2.2. Komi of the Upper Kama River (nearly fully assimilated into Russians)

    The Komi lan­guage be­longs to the Per­mian branch of the Uralic fam­ily. There is lim­ited mu­tual in­tel­li­gi­bil­ity with Ud­murt. There are two main di­alects: Zyr­ian and Permyak. Until the 18th cen­tury, Komi was writ­ten in the Old Per­mic al­pha­bet in­tro­duced by Saint Stephen of Perm in the 14th cen­tury. Cyril­licwas used from the 19th cen­tury and briefly re­placed by the Latin al­pha­bet be­tween 1929 and 1933. The Komi lan­guage is cur­rently writ­ten in Cyril­lic, adding two extra let­ters - Іі and Ӧӧ - to rep­re­sent vowel sounds which do not exist in Russ­ian. The first book to be printed in Komi (a vac­ci­na­tion man­ual) ap­peared in 1815.

    Most Komis be­long to the Russ­ian Or­tho­dox Church, but their re­li­gion often con­tains traces of pre-Chris­t­ian be­liefs (see Komi mythol­ogy). A large num­ber of Komis are Old Be­liev­ers.

    Based on lin­guis­tic re­con­struc­tion, the pre­his­toric Per­mi­ans are as­sumed to have split into two peo­ples dur­ing the first mil­len­nium BC: the Komis and the Ud­murts. By the 16th-17th cen­turies, the Komis fur­ther di­vided into the Komi-Permyaks (who re­mained in the Kama Riverbasin) and the Komi-Zyryans (who mi­grated north). From the 12th cen­tury the Rus­sians began to ex­pand into the Perm re­gion and the Komis came into con­tact with Nov­gorod. Nov­goro­dian traders trav­elled to the re­gion in search of furs and an­i­mal hides. The Nov­goro­di­ans re­ferred to the south­ern Komi re­gion as "the Great Perm". Komi dukes uni­fied the Great Perm with its cen­tre at the strong­hold of Cher­dyn. As the Mid­dle Ages pro­gressed, Nov­gorod gave way to Moscow as the lead­ing Russ­ian power in the region. In 1365, Dmitry Don­skoy, Prince of Moscow, gave Stephen of Perm the task of con­vert­ing the re­gion to Chris­tian­ity. Stephen's mis­sion led to the cre­ation of the epar...

    A study on north-east­ern-Eu­ro­pean pop­u­la­tions, pub­lished in March 2013, found that Komi-Zyryans form a dis­tinct pole of ge­netic diversity.

    Avril, Yves (2006). Parlons komi. Harmattan.
    Minahan, James (2002a). "Komi". Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations. II (D–K). Greenwood. pp. 1003–1008. ISBN 9780313321108.
    Minahan, James (2002b). "Permyaks". Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations. III (L–R). Greenwood. pp. 1505–1509. ISBN 9780313321115.
    Taagepera, Rein (1999). The Finno-Ugric Republics and the Russian State. C. Hurst & Co.

    Tsypanov, Evgenii (March 2001). "Language and ethnic mobilization among the Komi in the post-Soviet period". Nationalities Papers. 29 (1): 109–128. doi:10.1080/00905990120036402. S2CID 154436659.


    1. Komi-Izhemtsy against World Bank 2. Komi 3. Komi Permyak 4. Finno-Ugric media centre


    1. 2. Komi Permyak (in language Komi-Permyak) 3. Komi Permyak

  5. Komi - Wikipedia › wiki › Komi

    Komi peoples. Komi language. Komi (go), a rule used in the board game Go. Komi (restaurant), a restaurant in Washington, D.C. Kenkey or komi, a West African dish. Shōko Komi, a character in Komi Can't Communicate.

  6. Category:Komi people - Wikimedia Commons › wiki › Category:Komi_people

    Komi people area in Northern Russia map.svg 950 × 950; 1.67 MB. Komi people1862.jpg 526 × 866; 498 KB. Komi peoples.jpg 800 × 600; 162 KB. Komi, 1907 - Finnic ...

  7. Talk:Komi peoples - Wikipedia › wiki › Talk:Komi_peoples
    • "Related Groups" Info Removed from Infobox
    • Assessment Comment
    • External Links Modified

    For dedicated editors of this page: The "Related Groups" info was removed from all {{Infobox Ethnic group}} infoboxes. Comments may be left on the Ethnic groups talk page. Ling.Nut21:07, 19 May 2007 (UTC) The name Abur is not correct. I should be Anbur according to the first two letters (talk) 19:44, 14 February 2009 (UTC)

    The comment(s) below were originally left at Talk:Komi peoples/Comments, and are posted here for posterity. Following several discussions in past years, these subpages are now deprecated. The comments may be irrelevant or outdated; if so, please feel free to remove this section. Last edited at 01:43, 26 October 2006 (UTC).Substituted at 21:21, 29 April 2016 (UTC)

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  8. Komi language - Wikipedia › wiki › Komi_language

    Komi language (outdated Zyryan language), or Komi-Zyryan language (Коми кыв, Komi kyv), is one of the two regional varieties of the pluricentric Komi language, the other regional variety being Permyak. Komi-Zyryan is spoken by the Komi-Zyryans ' ethnic group in Komi Republic and some other parts of Russia.

    • 160,000 (2010 census)
    • Russia
  9. Finno-Ugric peoples - Wikipedia › wiki › Finno-Ugric_peoples

    The Komi subgroup Komi-Permyaks used to live in Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug, but today this area is a territory with special status within Perm Krai. The traditional area of the indigenous Sami people is in Northern Fenno-Scandinavia and the Kola Peninsula in Northwest Russia and is known as Sápmi .

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