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  1. Lule Sami - Wikipedia › wiki › Lule_Sami

    Lule Sami (julevsámegiella, Norwegian: lulesamisk, Swedish: lulesamiska) is a Uralic, Sámi language spoken around the Lule River, Sweden, and in the northern parts of Nordland county in Norway, especially Tysfjord municipality, where Lule Sámi is an official language.

  2. Sámi people - Wikipedia › wiki › Lule_Sami_people

    The Sámi people (/ ˈsɑːmi /; also spelled Sami or Saami) are an indigenous Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula within the Murmansk Oblast of Russia.

    • 9,350
    • 1,991
    • 37,890–60,000
    • 14,600–36,000
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  4. Lule Sami - Wikipedia › wiki › Lule_Sami

    May 19, 2021 · Lule Sami (julevsámegiella, Norwegian: lulesamisk, Swedish: lulesamiska) is a Uralic, Sámi language spoken around the Lule River, Sweden, and in the northern parts of Nordland county in Norway, especially Tysfjord municipality, where Lule Sámi is an official language.

  5. Lule Sami — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Lule_Sami
    • Status
    • Phonology
    • Dialects
    • Orthography
    • Grammar
    • Literature
    • External Links

    With 650 speak­ers, it is the sec­ond largest of all Sámi lan­guages. It is re­ported that the num­ber of na­tive speak­ers is in sharp de­cline among the younger gen­er­a­tions. The lan­guage has, how­ever, been stan­dard­ised in 1983 and elab­o­rately cul­ti­vated ever since.


    Some analy­ses of Lule Sámi phonol­ogy may in­clude prea­spi­rated stops and af­fricates (/hp/, /ht/, /ht͡s/, /ht͡ʃ/, /hk/) and pre-stopped or pre-glot­talised nasals (voice­less /pm/, /tn/, /tɲ/, /kŋ/ and voiced /bːm/, /dːn/, /dːɲ/, /gːŋ/). How­ever, these can be treated as clus­ters for the pur­pose of phonol­ogy, since they are clearly com­posed of two seg­ments and only the first of these length­ens in quan­tity 3. The terms "prea­spi­rated" and "pre-stopped" will be used in this ar­ti­cl...


    Lule Sámi pos­sesses the fol­low­ing vow­els: 1. /ea̯/ can be realised as a true diphthong, or a long monophtong [ɛː]. 2. Long /eː/ and the diphthongs /ea̯/ and /oɑ̯/occur only in stressed syllables. 3. Long /iː/ and /uː/ are very rare, as is short /e/. They also only occur in stressed syllables. 4. Short /o/ and long /oː/ can occur in unstressed syllables, but only when a preceding stressed syllable contains /o/.

    Sam­mal­lahtidi­vides Lule Sámi di­alects as fol­lows: 1. Northern dialects: Sörkaitum, Sirkas and Jåkkåkaska in Sweden, Tysfjordin Norway 2. Southern dialects: Tuorpon in Sweden 3. Forest dialects: Gällivareand Serri in Sweden Fea­tures of the north­ern di­alects of Lule Sámi are: 1. Long /aː/ is also rounded to /oː/ after /o/in a first syllable. Fea­tures of the south­ern di­alects of Lule Sámi are: 1. Umlaut of short /a/ to /e/ before /i/.

    The or­thog­ra­phy used for Lule Sámi is writ­ten using an ex­tended form of the Latin script. Tra­di­tion­ally, the char­ac­ter n-acute (Ń/ń) has been used to rep­re­sent the [ŋ] sound, found, for ex­am­ple, in the Eng­lish word "song". In place of n-acute (avail­able in Uni­code and me­chan­i­cal type writ­ers, but not in Latin-1 or tra­di­tional Nordic key­boards), many have used ñ or even ng. In mod­ern or­thog­ra­phy, such as in the of­fi­cial pub­li­ca­tions of the Swedish gov­ern­ment and the re­cently pub­lished trans­la­tion of the New Tes­ta­ment, it is usu­ally re­placed with ŋ, in ac­cor­dance with the or­thog­ra­phy of many other Sámi lan­guages.


    Lule Sámi has seven cases:


    The per­sonal pro­nouns have three num­bers - sin­gu­lar, plural and dual. The fol­low­ing table con­tains per­sonal pro­nouns in the nom­i­na­tive and gen­i­tive/ac­cusative cases. The next table demon­strates the de­clen­sion of a per­sonal pro­noun he/she(no gen­der dis­tinc­tion) in var­i­ous cases:

    Grundström, Harald: Lulelappisches Wörterbuch
    Kintel, Anders 1991: Syntaks og ordavledninger i lulesamisk. Kautokeino : Samisk utdanningsråd.
    Spiik, Nils-Erik 1989: Lulesamisk grammatik. Jokkmokk: Sameskolstyrelsen. ISBN 91-7716-019-3
    Wiklund, K.B. 1890: Lule-lappisches Wörterbuch. Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilaisen seuran toimituksia ; 1
  6. Category:Lule Sámi - Wikipedia › wiki › Category:Lule_Sámi

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lule Sami language. The main article for this category is Lule Sámi.

  7. Sámi languages - Wikipedia › wiki › Sámi_languages
    • Overview
    • Classification
    • Geographic distribution
    • History
    • Written languages and sociolinguistic situation
    • Orthographies

    Sámi languages, in English also rendered as Sami and Saami, are a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sámi people in Northern Europe. There are, depending on the nature and terms of division, ten or more Sami languages. Several spellings have been used for the Sámi languages, including Sámi, Sami, Saami, Saame, Sámic, Samic and Saamic, as well as the exonyms Lappish and Lappic. The last two, along with the term Lapp, are now often considered pejorative.

    The Sámi languages form a branch of the Uralic language family. According to the traditional view, Sámi is within the Uralic family most closely related to the Finnic languages. However, this view has recently been doubted by some scholars, who argue that the traditional view of a common Finno-Sami protolanguage is not as strongly supported as had been earlier assumed, and that the similarities may stem from an areal influence on Samic from Finnic. In terms of internal relationships, the ...

    The Sami languages are spoken in Sápmi in Northern Europe, in a region stretching over the four countries Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia, reaching from the southern part of central Scandinavia in the southwest to the tip of the Kola Peninsula in the east. The borders between the languages do not align with the ones separating the region's modern nation states. During the Middle Ages and early modern period, now-extinct Sami languages were also spoken in the central and southern parts ...

    The Proto-Samic language is believed to have formed in the vicinity of the Gulf of Finland between 1000 BC to 700 AD, deriving from a common Proto-Sami-Finnic language. However, reconstruction of any basic proto-languages in the Uralic family have reached a level close to or identical to Proto-Uralic. According to the comparative linguist Ante Aikio, the Proto-Samic language developed in South Finland or in Karelia around 2000–2500 years ago, spreading then to northern Fennoscandia. The ...

    At present there are nine living Sami languages. The largest six of the languages have independent literary languages; the three others have no written standard, and of them, there are only a few, mainly elderly, speakers left. The ISO 639-2 code for all Sami languages without their own code is "smi". The seven written languages are: 1. Northern Sami: With an estimated 15,000 speakers, this accounts for probably more than 75% of all Sami speakers in 2002. ISO 639-1/ISO 639-2: se/sme 2. Lule Sami

    Most Sami languages use Latin alphabets, with these respective additional letters. Northern Sami: Áá Čč Đđ Ŋŋ Šš Ŧŧ Žž Inari Sami: Áá Ââ Ää Čč Đđ Ŋŋ Šš Žž Skolt Sami: Ââ Čč Ʒʒ Ǯǯ Đđ Ǧǧ Ǥǥ Ǩǩ Ŋŋ Õõ Šš Žž Åå Ää Lule Sami in Sweden: Áá Åå Ŋŋ Ää Lule Sami in Norway: Áá Åå Ŋŋ Ææ Southern Sami in Sweden: Ïï Ää Öö Åå Southern Sami in Norway: Ïï Ææ Øø Åå Ume Sami: Áá Đđ Ïï Ŋŋ Ŧŧ Üü Åå Ää Öö

  8. Sámi orthography - Wikipedia › wiki › Sami_orthography

    Like Southern Sámi, Lule Sámi follows the principle of using the majority language of the particular country it's being written in as the basis for its orthography and thus has two separate versions: the Norwegian standard and the Swedish standard. The standard orthography for Lule Sami was approved in 1983.

  9. Lule - Wikipedia › wiki › Lule

    Lule people, an indigenous people of northern Argentina; Lule language, a possibly extinct language of Argentina; Lule Sami language, a language spoken in Sweden and Norway; Luleå, also known as Lule, a town in Sweden; Lule River in Sweden; Yusuf Lule (1912–1985), former president of Uganda; Lule Warrenton 1862–1932), American actress ...

  10. Lule language - Wikipedia › wiki › Tonocoté
    • Overview
    • Varieties
    • Genetic relations
    • Data

    Lule is an indigenous language of northern Argentina. Lule may be extinct today. Campbell writes that in 1981 there was an unconfirmed report that Lule is still spoken by 5 families in Resistencia in east-central Chaco Province. It is unclear if it is the same language as Tonocoté.

    Unattested varieties classified by Loukotka as part of the Lule language cluster. 1. Tonocoté - once spoken on the Bermejo River near Concepción, Chaco. 2. Isistiné - once spoken on the Salado River near San Juan de Valbuena, Chaco. 3. Oristine - once spoken on the Salado River near San Juan de Valbuena, Chaco. 4. Toquistiné - once spoken on the Salado River near Miraflores. 5. Matará / Amulahí - once spoken near the city of the same name on the Salado River. 6. Jurí - extinct ...

    Lule appears to be distantly related to the still-spoken Vilela language, together forming a small Lule–Vilela family. Kaufman finds this relationship likely and with general agreement among the major classifiers of South American languages. Viegas Barros published additional evidence 1996–2006. Zamponi and other authors consider Lule and Vilela two linguistic isolates.

    In 1586 Father Alonson Bárzana wrote a grammar of Tonocote, which is now lost. In 1732 Antonio Maccioni, who was not aware of Bárzana's grammar, wrote one of his own, Arte y vocabulario de la lengua lule y tonocoté of the Lule-Tonocote language at the mission San Esteban de Miraflores. This is our primary data on the language. Métraux concluded that Lule and Tonocote were distinct, and perhaps unrelated, languages, and that the Tonocote at the Miraflores mission had shifted to the Lule ...

    • (possibly 5 families cited 1981)
    • Lule–Vilela, Lule
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