Mary Shelley believed in the Enlightenment idea that people could improve society through the responsible exercise of political power, but she feared that the irresponsible exercise of power would lead to chaos. In practice, her works largely criticise the way 18th-century thinkers such as her parents believed such change could be brought about.
Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is an 1818 novel...
- Percy Bysshe Shelley
Percy Bysshe Shelley (/ b ɪ ʃ / BISH; 4 August 1792 – 8 July...
- Percy Florence Shelley
Sir Percy Florence Shelley, 3rd Baronet of Castle Goring (12...
- Early Life
- Marriage and Family Life
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Mary Shelley was born on 30 August 1797 in London. She was the second daughter in her family. Her parents were Mary Wollstonecraft, a feminist, and William Godwin, a philosopher. Her mother died in childbirth. Her father was quick to marry again. Mary got a great education, something most girls did not have at the time.
After her mother's death, Mary lived with her older half-sister Fanny Imlay and their father. Fanny Imlay was Wollstonecraft's daughter from an affair she had with a soldier. Mary's dad married Mary Jane Clairmont in 1801. She brought her two children and had one son with Godwin. During that time, Mary's stepmother thought Mary need not be educated, but she didn't give up because of that. She used her father's extensive library and was often found reading by her mother's grave. Mary's father Godwin often had visitors like Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth. Mary use those chances to learn from them. During May of 1816, Mary and her husband Percy Bysshe Shelley traveled to Lake Geneva. They spent the summer near the famous poet Lord Byron. In terms of English literature, it was a great summer. Percy began work on "Hymn To Intellectual Beauty" and "Mont Blanc". Mary was inspired to write her classic work.
One evening, the group of young writers decided to have a contest telling horror stories. Another guest, Dr. John Polidori, came up with The Vampyre. This later had a strong influence on Bram Stoker's Dracula. Other guests told scary stories, but Mary could not think of one. But that night, she dreamt of the story she had wanted to tell. She wrote it down, and in time, her story would be published as Frankenstein. It became more successful than any of the other writings produced that summer. The year she published "The Modern Prometheus", known as Frankenstein was 1818. Mary was only 20 years-old. It is sometimes called the world's first science fiction novel. The ideas for both "Frankenstein" and Polidori's "The Vampyre" were from the famous poet, Lord Byron. The books "Frankenstein" and "The Vampyre" were both published on the same year. Once Mary Shelley published Frankenstein, her life became more interesting Mary had many different sources for her work; one was the Promethean m...
In Mary Shelley's life, her romances led her father to disown her. When she was sixteen, Shelley met Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was 22 at the time. They both fell in love and ran away in 1814. By the time they returned to England, Mary was pregnant and her father wanted nothing to do with her.Returning to England in September of 1816, Mary and Shelley stunned their two families. First, in November, Mary's older half-sister, Fanny Imlay, left the Godwin home and took her own life at a distant inn. Only weeks later, Shelley's first wife drowned herself in London's Hyde Park. She did not welcome Shelley's invitation to join Mary and himself in their new household. Shortly after Harriet's death, Shelley and Mary married, now with Godwin's blessing. Their attempts to gain custody of Shelley's two children by Harriet failed. Even though this happened, their writing careers enjoyed more success. In the spring of 1817, Mary finished Frankenstein. Mary had two sons and a daughter. The daughte...
Mary Shelley died of brain cancer on February 1, 1851in London. Her body got buried at St. Peter's Churchyard in Bournemouth, in the English county of Dorset
Four films have shown Mary Shelley, and the basic idea of the Frankenstein story in 1816: Gothic directed by Ken Russell (1986), Haunted Summer directed by Ivan Passer (1988), Remando al Viento (English title: Rowing with the Wind) directed by Gonzalo Suárez (1988) and Mary Shelley directed by Haifaa al-Mansour(2017)↑ "Mary Shelley". Biography. Retrieved 2019-05-13.↑ Editors, History com. "Frankenstein published". HISTORY. Retrieved 2019-05-13.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)↑ "Why "Frankenstein" Author Mary Shelley's Life Was Darker Than Her Fiction". All That's Interesting. 2016-08-30. Retrieved 2019-05-13.↑ "Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley | British author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-29.Works by Mary Shelley at Project GutenbergMary Shelley chronology and bibliography – part of Romantic CirclesArchival material relating to Mary Shelley listed at the UK National ArchivesMary Shelley on IMDb
Mary Shelley is a 2017 romantic period-drama film directed by Haifaa al-Mansour and written by Emma Jensen. The plot follows Mary Shelley's first love and her romantic relationship with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, which inspired her to write her 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. An international co-production, the film stars Elle Fanning as Shelley, with Maisie Williams, Douglas Booth, Bel Powley, and Ben Hardy in supporting roles. The film had its world premiere at the Toro
—. The Journals of Mary Shelley, 1814–44. Ed. Paula R. Feldman and Diana Scott-Kilvert. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8018-5088-6.—. The Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. 3 vols. Ed. Betty T. Bennett. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980. ISBN 0-8018-2275-0.—. "A Tale of the Passions, or, the Death of Despina". The Liberal1 (1822): 289–325.—. "The Bride of Modern Italy". The London Magazine9 (1824): 351–363.—. "Lacy de Vere". Forget Me Not for 1827. 1826.—. "The Convent of Chailot". The Keepsake for MDCCCXXVIII.—. "Madame D'Houtetôt". The Liberal2 (1823): 67–83.—. "Giovanni Villani". The Liberal2 (1823): 281–97.—. "Narrative of a Tour round the Lake of Geneva, and of an Excursion through the Valley of Chamouni". La Belle Assemblée, or Court and Fashionable MagazineNS 28 (1823): 14–19.—. "Recollections of Italy". The London Magazine9 (1824): 21–26.
- Journals and Letters
- Short Stories
- Articles and Reviews
- Edited Works
- External Links
—. "Relation of the Death of the Family of the Cenci". The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Ed. Mrs. Shelley. 2nd ed. London: Edward Moxon, 1839.Godwin, William, Jr. Transfusion; or, The Orphan of Unwalden. London: Macrone, 1835.Shelley, Percy Bysshe. The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Ed. Mrs. Shelley. 4 vols. London: Edward Moxon, 1839. [2nd ed., single vol., 1839]Crook, Nora, Gen. ed. Mary Shelley's Literary Lives and Other Writings. 4 vols. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2002. ISBN 1-85196-716-8.Crook, Nora, Gen. ed. The Novels and Selected Works of Mary Shelley. 8 vols. London: Pickering & Chatto, 1996. ISBN 1-85196-076-7.Lyles, W. H. Mary Shelley: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, 1975. ISBN 0-8240-9993-1.Robinson, Charles E., Ed. Mary Shelley: Collected Tales and Stories. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976. ISBN 0-8018-4062-7.Mary Shelley chronology and bibliography (part of Romantic Circles)Works by Mary Shelley at Project GutenbergPosthumous Poems (1824) from Google BooksEssays, Letters from Abroad, Translations and Fragments (1840) from Google Books
Mary Shelley. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (š. Godwin, 30. porgemáánu 1797 Somers Town, Lontoo, Eŋland – 1. kuovâmáánu 1851 Chester Square, Lontoo, Eŋland) lâi eŋlandlâš kirječällee, kii šoodâi tobdosin romanist Frankenstein ( Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus, 1818 ).
This article is missing information about the film's production. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. Frankenstein Theatrical release poster Directed byKenneth Branagh Screenplay bySteph Lady Frank Darabont Based onFrankenstein by Mary Shelley Produced byFrancis Ford Coppola James V. Hart John Veitch Starring Robert De Niro Kenneth Branagh Tom Hulce Helena Bonham Carter Aidan Quinn Ian Holm John Cleese CinematographyRoger Pratt Edited
In 1794, Captain Walton leads a troubled expedition to reach the North Pole. While their ship is trapped in the ice of the Arctic Sea, the crew hears a frightening noise and witnesses dogs being viciously killed. The crew discovers a man, Victor Frankenstein, traveling across the Arctic on his own. Victor proceeds to tell Walton and the crew his life story, presented as a flashback. Victor grows up in Geneva with his adopted sister, Elizabeth Lavenza, who will become the love of his life. Before
The film had its world premiere on November 3, 1994 at the London Film Festival before opening in the United Kingdom and United States on November 4.
Original screenwriter Frank Darabont later called the film "the best script I ever wrote and the worst movie I've ever seen." He elaborated
As of October 2020, on Rotten Tomatoes the film had an approval rating of 38% based on 45 reviews. The site's consensus was: "Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is ambitious and visually striking, but the overwrought tone and lack of scares make for a tonally inconsistent experience". R
In the U.S. and Canada, the film grossed $22,006,296, with the opening weekend of $11,212,889 making up more than half of its total. The film opened the same day in the United Kingdom and Ireland and grossed £2 million in its opening week from 320 screens. Outside the U.S ...
Mary Shelley (1797-1851) was an early novelist who is most famous for her novel Frankenstein. She is widely credited as being one of the pioneers of the Speculative Fiction genre (the others being Mark Twain, Jules Verne, and H. G. Wells). She is also one of the few early female novelists, particularly in the field of Speculative Fiction, and one of the few female authors whose works are ...
- Enllaços Externs
Mary Shelley va néixer a Londres, Anglaterra. Era la segona filla d'una famosa feminista, filòsofa i escriptora, Mary Wollstonecraft, i d'un filòsof llibertari, William Godwin. La seva mare va morir de febre puerperal deu dies després del seu naixement. Godwin va haver de fer-se càrreg de Mary, juntament amb germanastra gran d'ella, Fanny Imlay, filla de Wollstonecraft amb l'especulador nord-americà Gilbert Imlay. Un any després de la mort de Wollstonecraft, Godwin va publicar les seves Memoi...
Bath i Marlow
Quan van tornar a Anglaterra al setembre, Mary i Percy es van traslladar —amb Claire Clairmont, que es va allotjar a prop— a Bath, Somerset, on esperaven mantenir secret l'embaràs de Claire. A Cologny, Mary Godwin havia rebut dues cartes de la seva germanastra, Fanny Imlay, que feia al·lusió a la seva "vida infeliç"; el 9 d'octubre, Fanny va escriure una "carta alarmant" de Bristol que va enviar a Percy Shelley a córrer a buscar-la, sense èxit. El matí del 10 d'octubre, Fanny Imlay va ser tro...
Retorn a Anglaterra i carrera d'escriptora
Després de la mort del seu marit, Mary Shelley va viure durant un any amb Leigh Hunt i la seva família a Gènova, on sovint veia a Byron i transcrivia els seus poemes. Va decidir viure amb la seva ploma i per al seu fill, però la seva situació econòmica era precària. El 23 de juliol de 1823, va deixar Gènova per anar a Anglaterra i es va quedar amb el seu pare i la seva madrastra a Strand fins que un petit avanç del seu sogre li va permetre allotjar-se a prop. Sir Timothy Shelley al principi h...
Alguns dels seus treballs més representatius són: 1. History of a Six Weeks' Tour(1817) 2. Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus(1818) 3. Mathilda(1819) 4. Valperga; or, The Life and Adventures of Castruccio, Prince of Lucca(1823) 5. The Last Man(1826) 6. The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck(1830) 7. Lodore(1835) 8. Falkner(1837) 9. Contribucions a Lives of the Most Eminent Literary and Scientific Men (1835–39), part de la Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia 10. Rambles in Germany and Italy in 1840, 1842, and 1843(1844)Bieri, James. Percy Bysshe Shelley, a Biography: Exile of Unfulfilled Renown, 1816–1822. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2005. ISBN 0-87413-893-0Garrett, Martin Mary Shelley. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2002. ISBN 0195217896Seymour, Miranda. Mary Shelley. London: John Murray, 2000. ISBN 0-7195-5711-9St Clair, William. The Godwins and the Shelleys: The Biography of a Family. London: Faber & Faber, 1989. ISBN 0-571-15422-0