Mathematics is the study of numbers, shapes and patterns. The word comes from the Greek word "μάθημα" (máthema), meaning " science , knowledge , or learning ", and is sometimes shortened to maths (in England , Australia , Ireland , and New Zealand ) or math (in the United States and Canada ). [1]

**Applied mathematics**is the application of**mathematical**methods by different fields such as physics, engineering, medicine, biology, finance, business, computer science, and industry. Thus,**applied mathematics**is a combination of**mathematical**science and specialized knowledge. The term "**applied mathematics**" also describes the professional ...International Association for

**Mathematics**and Computers in Simulation. International Congress of Mathematicians. International**Mathematical**Olympiad. International Symposium on Scientific Computing, Computer Arithmetic, and Validated Numerics. Interval (**mathematics**) Inverse function.In contemporary education,

**mathematics education**is the practice of teaching and learning**mathematics**, along with the associated scholarly research.. Researchers in**mathematics education**are primarily concerned with the tools, methods and approaches that facilitate practice or the study of practice; however,**mathematics education**research, known on the continent of Europe as the didactics or ...In

**mathematics**, a function is a binary relation between two sets that associates each element of the first set to exactly one element of the second set. Typical examples are functions from integers to integers, or from the real numbers to real numbers.**Indian mathematics**emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of**Indian mathematics**(400 CE to 1200 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Bhaskara II, and Varāhamihira.Pure

**mathematics**is**mathematics**that studies entirely abstract concepts.From the eighteenth century onwards, this was a recognized category of**mathematical**activity, sometimes characterized as speculative**mathematics**, and at variance with the trend towards meeting the needs of navigation, astronomy, physics, economics, engineering, and other applications.