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  1. National Archives Building - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › National_Archives_Building

    National Archives Building at night. The National Archives Building, known informally as Archives I, is the headquarters of the United States National Archives and Records Administration. It is located north of the National Mall at 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C.. The Rotunda entrance is on Constitution Avenue, while the ...

  2. National Archives Building, Jakarta - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › National_Archives_Building

    The National Archives Building ( Indonesian: Gedung Arsip Nasional) is a museum in Jakarta, Indonesia. The building, formerly a late 18th-century private residence of Governor-General Reinier de Klerk, is part of the cultural heritage of Jakarta. The house is an archetypal Indies-Style house of the earliest period. The building in the 1930s.

  3. National Archives and Records Administration - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › National_Archives_and
    • Overview
    • Organization
    • History
    • Records
    • Facilities and exhibition spaces

    The National Archives and Records Administration is an independent agency of the United States government charged with the preservation and documentation of government and historical records. It is also tasked with increasing public access to those documents which make up the National Archive. NARA is officially responsible for maintaining and publishing the legally authentic and authoritative copies of acts of Congress, presidential directives, and federal regulations. NARA also transmits votes

    The Archivist of the United States is the chief official overseeing the operation of the National Archives and Records Administration. The Archivist not only maintains the official documentation of the passage of amendments to the U.S. Constitution by state legislatures, but has the authority to declare when the constitutional threshold for passage has been reached, and therefore when an act has become an amendment. The Office of the Federal Register publishes the Federal Register, Code of Feder

    Originally, each branch and agency of the U.S. government was responsible for maintaining its own documents, which often resulted in the loss and destruction of records. Congress created the National Archives Establishment in 1934 to centralize federal record-keeping, with the Archivist of the United States serving as chief administrator. R.D.W. Connor was chosen to be the first leader of the organization. After a recommendation by the first Hoover Commission in 1949, the National Archives was p

    NARA's holdings are classed into "record groups" reflecting the governmental department or agency from which they originated. Records include paper documents, microfilm, still pictures, motion pictures, and electronic media. Archival descriptions of the permanent holdings of the federal government in the custody of NARA are stored in the National Archives Catalog. The archival descriptions include information on traditional paper holdings, electronic records, and artifacts. As of December 2012,

    The most well-known facility of the National Archives and Records Administration is the National Archives Building, located north of the National Mall on Constitution Avenue in Washington, D.C. A sister facility, known as the National Archives at College Park was opened in 1994 near the University of Maryland, College Park. The Washington National Records Center, also located in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, is a large warehouse facility where federal records that are still under the

    • $391 million (FY 2012)
    • June 19, 1934; 87 years ago, (Independent Agency April 1, 1985)
    • 3,112 (2014)
    • National Archives and Records Service (GSA)
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  5. National Archives Building — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › National_Archives_Building
    • Before The National Archives Building
    • Planning Stages
    • Breaking Ground
    • Construction
    • Completion
    • Reencasement and Renovation
    • Timeline

    From its found­ing, the U.S. fed­eral gov­ern­ment has doc­u­mented its poli­cies and de­ci­sions, but for al­most 150 years it had vir­tu­ally no method or place to safe­guard his­tor­i­cally im­por­tant records. Dur­ing those years, of­fi­cials oc­ca­sion­ally de­cried fed­eral ne­glect, or too often, fires de­stroyed im­por­tant doc­u­ments, re­in­forc­ing the need for an archives. By the end of the 19th cen­tury, a few ar­chi­tects had even sub­mit­ted plans to the gov­ern­ment for an archives or a hall of records. By the early 20th cen­tury an or­ga­nized ef­fort aimed at cre­at­ing the Na­tional Archives began, but not until 1926 did Con­gress fi­nally ap­prove the Na­tional Archives Building.

    That year, Con­gress au­tho­rized con­struc­tion of the Na­tional Archives Build­ing as part of a mas­sive pub­lic build­ings pro­gram de­signed to beau­tify the cen­ter of Wash­ing­ton, DC, and pro­vide of­fice space for the grow­ing fed­eral bu­reau­cracy. This pro­gram led to the de­sign and con­struc­tion of build­ings within the Fed­eral Tri­an­gle. Sec­re­tary of the Trea­sury An­drew W. Mel­lon gave the re­spon­si­bil­ity for de­sign­ing the Tri­an­gle group­ing to a Board of Ar­chi­tec­tural Con­sul­tants. Louis A. Simon, the Su­per­vi­sory Ar­chi­tect of the Trea­sury De­part­ment, drafted a pre­lim­i­nary de­sign for the Archives, plac­ing it along Penn­syl­va­nia Av­enue be­tween 9th and 10th Streets, NW. In late 1927, pre­lim­i­nary draw­ings of the in­di­vid­ual Tri­an­gle build­ings were in­cor­po­rated into a for­mal pre­sen­ta­tion of the en­tire pro­ject. The draw­ings be­came the basis for a three-di­men­sional scale model that was pub­licly un­veiled in April 1929...

    Ground was bro­ken for the Na­tional Archives on Sep­tem­ber 5, 1931, by the As­sis­tant Sec­re­tary of the Trea­sury, Ferry K. Heath. By the time Pres­i­dent Her­bert Hoover laid the cor­ner­stone of the build­ing in Feb­ru­ary 1933, sig­nif­i­cant prob­lems had arisen. Be­cause the mas­sive struc­ture was to be con­structed above an un­der­ground stream, the Tiber Creek, 8,575 piles had been dri­ven into the un­sta­ble soil, be­fore pour­ing a huge con­crete bowl as a foun­da­tion. An­other dif­fi­culty arose over the choice of build­ing ma­te­ri­als. Both lime­stone and gran­ite were au­tho­rized as ac­cept­able, but con­struc­tion began dur­ing the dark­est days of the Great De­pres­sion, and sup­pli­ers of each ma­te­r­ial lob­bied fiercely to have the gov­ern­ment use their stone. Ul­ti­mately, as in the other Fed­eral Tri­an­gle build­ings, lime­stone was used for the ex­te­rior su­per­struc­ture and gran­ite for the base. The lime­stone was pro­vided by In­galls Stone Com­pa...

    Con­struct­ing the Na­tional Archives was a mon­u­men­tal task. Not only was the build­ing the most or­nate struc­ture on the Fed­eral Tri­an­gle, but it also called for in­stal­la­tion of spe­cial­ized air-han­dling sys­tems and fil­ters, re­in­forced floor­ing, and thou­sands of feet of shelv­ing to meet the build­ing's archival stor­age re­quire­ments. The build­ing's ex­te­rior took more than 4 years to fin­ish and re­quired a host of work­ers rang­ing from sculp­tors and model mak­ers to air-con­di­tion­ing con­trac­tors and struc­tural-steel workers.

    In No­vem­ber 1935, 120 Na­tional Archives staff mem­bers moved into their un­com­pleted build­ing. Most of the ex­te­rior work was com­plete, but many stack areas, where records would be stored, had no shelv­ing for in­com­ing records. Work also con­tin­ued on the Ro­tunda and other pub­lic spaces. More sig­nif­i­cantly, ear­lier es­ti­mates about the need for fu­ture stack space proved to be quite in­suf­fi­cient. Al­most as soon as Pope's orig­i­nal de­sign was com­plete, a pro­ject to fill the Archives' in­te­rior court­yard began, dou­bling stor­age space from 374,000 square feet (34,700 m2) to more than 757,000 square feet (70,300 m2).[clarification needed] John Rus­sell Pope's vi­sion of the Archives as a tem­ple of his­tory has been pre­served through main­te­nance and pe­ri­odic restora­tion work on the build­ing since the mid-1930s. Over the years, how­ever, more records filled the build­ing and even the court­yard ex­pan­sion proved to be in­ad­e­quate. By the late 1960s,...

    The De­c­la­ra­tion of In­de­pen­dence, the Con­sti­tu­tion, and the Bill of Rights have been dis­played to the pub­lic in the Ro­tunda of the Na­tional Archives Build­ing since 1952. That year Na­tional Bu­reau of Stan­dards placed the doc­u­ments into her­met­i­cally sealed en­case­ments filled with inert he­lium gas, which the Bu­reau be­lieved would pre­serve the Char­ters well into the next cen­tury. Since the 1952 in­stal­la­tion, Na­tional Archives con­ser­va­tors have con­ducted reg­u­lar vi­sual in­spec­tions of the en­cased doc­u­ments. Since 1987, these in­spec­tions have been greatly en­hanced through the use of an elec­tronic imag­ing mon­i­tor­ing sys­tem de­vel­oped for NASA by the Jet Propul­sion Lab­o­ra­tory in Cal­i­for­nia. In an elec­tronic in­spec­tion of the doc­u­ments in 1995, con­ser­va­tors no­ticed changes in the glass en­case­ments of the De­c­la­ra­tion of In­de­pen­dence and the Bill of Rights. Glass ex­perts from Libby-Owens-Ford (the orig­i­nal man­u...

    Congress authorized construction in 1926.
    Ground was broken on September 5, 1931.
    President Herbert Hooverlaid the cornerstone in February 1933.
    First opened in 1935.
  6. The National Archives (United Kingdom) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › The_National_Archives
    • Overview
    • Location
    • History
    • Key roles
    • Sector leadership

    The National Archives is a non-ministerial government department. Its parent department is the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is the official archive of the UK government and for England and Wales; and "guardian of some of the nation's most iconic documents, dating back more than 1,000 years." There are separate national archives for Scotland and Northern Ireland. TNA was formerly four separate organisations: the P

    The National Archives is based in Kew in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south-west London. The building was opened in 1977 as an additional home for the public records, which were held in a building on Chancery Lane. The site was originally a World War I hospital, which was later used by several government departments. It is near to Kew Gardens Underground station. Until its closure in March 2008, the Family Records Centre in Islington was run jointly by The National Archives and

    The National Archives was created in 2003 by combining the Public Record Office and the Historical Manuscripts Commission and is a non-ministerial department reporting to the Minister of State for digital policy. On 31 October 2006, The National Archives merged with the Office of Public Sector Information, which itself also contained Her Majesty's Stationery Office which was previously a part of the Cabinet Office. The name remained The National Archives.

    TNA claims it is "at the heart of information policy—setting standards and supporting innovation in information and records management across the UK, and providing a practical framework of best practice for opening up and encouraging the re-use of public sector information. This work helps inform today's decisions and ensure that they become tomorrow's permanent record." It has a number of key roles in information policy: 1. Policy – advising government on information practice and ...

    The National Archives has long had a role of oversight and leadership for the entire archives sector and archives profession in the UK, including local government and non-governmental archives. Under the Public Records Act 1958 it is responsible for overseeing the appropriate custody of certain non-governmental public records in England and Wales. Under the 2003 Historical Manuscripts Commission Warrant it has responsibility for investigating and reporting on non-governmental records and archive

    • £43.9 million (2009–2010)
    • April 2003
  7. National Archives at Seattle - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › National_Archives_at_Seattle

    The National Archives at Seattle is a regional facility of the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Pacific Region located in Seattle, Washington.The archives building is situated in the Windermere neighborhood of Northeast Seattle, near Magnuson Park, and holds 56,000 cubic feet (1,600 m 3) of documents and artifacts.

    • 56,000 cu ft (1,600 m³)
    • 1840s–1980s
  8. National Archives Building - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader

    wikimili.com › en › National_Archives_Building

    Dec 14, 2020 · The National Archives Building, known informally as Archives I, is the headquarters of the National Archives and Records Administration. It is located north of the National Mall at 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C.. The Rotunda entrance is on Constitution Avenue, while the researc

  9. National Archives and Records Administration - Wikimedia

    commons.wikimedia.org › wiki › National_Archives_and

    Dec 31, 2020 · National Archives and Records Administration. The National Archives (NARA) is a landmark in Washington, D.C. . It has a branch in College Park, Maryland, known as Archives II. Fire at the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis, Missouri, on July 12, 1973. National Archives 2 building in College Park, MD.

  10. A History of the National Archives Building, Washington, DC

    www.archives.gov › about › history
    • Blogs & Articles
    • Exhibits
    • Planning Stages
    • Construction
    • The “Charters of Freedom”
    • The 21st Century

    On May 25, 1926, Congress passed the Public Buildings Actauthorizing a massive public buildings construction project, part of which was to provide office space for the growing Federal agencies in the nation's capital. This program led to the design and construction of buildings within the Federal Triangle area of downtown Washington, DC, a then run-down area along Pennsylvania Avenue, NW. Congress appointed the Department of the Treasury to carry out the plan. Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon assembled a group of the leading architects to design the Federal buildings. Mellon wanted the buildings to share certain design elements—limestone facades, red tiled roofs, and classical colonnades. He also wanted the buildings to be neoclassical in design following the architecture style of many Federal government buildings that existed at that time. The Commission on Fine Arts and the Public Building Commission had final approval on all plans. Immediately after Congress passed the leg...

    Since 1801 farmers markets had occupied the grounds where the new Archives was to be built. In 1931 the building that housed the Center Market, which had been erected in 1871 and held approximately 700 vendors, was demolished. During the summer of 1931, the Commission on Fine Arts and the Public Building Commission approved Pope's plans. Pope's design included both the practical and symbolic aspects of housing the nation's records. He proposed a monumental structure with highly decorative architectural features, giant Corinthian columns, 40-foot bronze doors, and inscriptions representing the building's historical importance. Pope continued to fine-tune his drawings and specifications for the next year. While plans for the building were not finalized, they were far enough along to start excavation. The ground-breakingon Saturday, September 5, 1931, took place on the block embraced by Pennsylvania Avenue to the north and B Street (which would later become Constitution Avenue) to the...

    When the building was completed in 1937, the Rotunda did not hold the documents now nearly synonymous with the National Archives: the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Pope had designed the National Archives Rotunda as a shrine for these documents, but both documents were still housed at the Library of Congress. On December 13, 1952, after years of negotiation between the Archivist of the United States and the Librarian of Congress, the two documents were transferredto the National Archives. Together with the Bill of Rights, which had been transferred to the Archives in 1938, the National Archives refers to these three documents collectively as the “Charters of Freedom.” The transfer began with the commanding General of the Air Force Headquarters Command formally receiving the Declaration and Constitution at the Library of Congress at 11 a.m. After being paraded down Pennsylvania and Constitution Avenues accompanied by members from all branches of the military, at 11...

    Beginning when the “Charters of Freedom” were installed in 1952, National Archives conservators regularly visually inspected the encased documents. In July 2001 the National Archives removed the Constitution, Declaration of Independence, and Bill of Rights from display in the Rotunda so conservators could more closely analyze their condition. New display cases were being made as part of a massive renovation of the National Archives Building, which took place between 2001 and 2005. The Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights were debuted on September 18, 2003, in new airtight cases. The new cases allowed four pages of the Constitution to be displayed and made the documents more accessible to visitors with disabilities. The main visitor entrance on Constitution Avenue was moved from the large bronze doors on top of the steps to a ground-level entrance. The two Faulkner murals, which had deteriorated significantly, were also restored. Other aspects of the...

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