Northern Ireland was created in 1921, when Ireland was partitioned by the Government of Ireland Act 1920. The majority of Northern Ireland's population were unionists, who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. They were generally the Protestant descendants of colonists from Great Britain.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Ireland
Northern Ireland was created in 1921, when Ireland was partitioned by the Government of Ireland Act 1920. The majority of Northern Ireland's population were unionists, who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. They were generally the Protestant descendants of colonists from Great Britain.
Feb 12, 2021 · Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom, lying in the northeastern quadrant of the island of Ireland, on the western continental periphery often characterized as Atlantic Europe. Northern Ireland is sometimes referred to as Ulster, although it includes only six of the nine counties which made up that historic Irish province.
Northern Ireland was an integral part of the United Kingdom, but under the terms of the Government of Ireland Act in 1920, it had a semiautonomous government. In 1972, however, after three years of sectarian violence between Protestants and Catholics that resulted in more than 400 dead and thousands injured, Britain suspended the Ulster parliament.
- International Relations
- The Partitioning of Ireland
An estimated 1.8 million people reside in Northern Ireland, most of whom live in the country’s urban centers. The Republic of Ireland is home to over 4.8 million people which translates to a population density of 179 persons per square mile, compared to Northern Ireland’s 344 persons per square mile. Most of the Republic of Ireland’s inhabitants reside in the nation’s capital, Dublin. Northern Ireland’s largest city is Belfast which is also its capital while Dublin is the Republic of Ireland’...
The Republic of Ireland is larger than its northern neighbor, covering an area of 27,133 square miles. In comparison, Northern Ireland occupies an area of 5,460 square miles. The island’s largest lake, Lough Neagh, which covers an area of 151 square miles is situated in Northern Ireland. The lake is also recognized as the largest lake in the British Isles. The two countries have a long land border separating them. The border was heavily patrolled in the late 20th century when Northern Ireland...
Freedom of religion is provided for by law in both countries. Christianity is the island’s largest religion, having more followers than any other religion in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The largest Christian denomination in Northern Ireland is Protestant Christianity where over 41.5% of the population identify themselves as Protestants. In contrast, only 4.2% of the Republic of Ireland’s population are Protestants. The Roman Catholic Church is the Republic of Ireland’s...
The Euro is used in the Republic of Ireland as the country’s official currency, after adopting the currency in 2002. The country is rich in fossil fuels, having some of the largest oil and natural gas deposits in Europe. The Republic has also invested heavily in renewable energy and has set up wind power stations with the capacity of producing 3000 MW for domestic use as well as for export. Northern Ireland uses the Sterling Pound as its official currency. The service industry is the primary...
The demonym associated with people who reside in the Republic of Ireland is Irish. On the other hand, residents of Northern Ireland have divergent preferences on their desired demonym. Most Catholics in Northern Ireland prefer being identified as Irish while the majority of Protestants in the country regard themselves as British.
Since Northern Ireland is not recognized as a sovereign state, it does not have any international relations of its own, but instead, it is part of the United Kingdom. The country has no representative in major global organizations such as the United Nations. In contrast, the Republic of Ireland is recognized as a sovereign country and an important partner in Europe’s geopolitics and the world in general. The Republic is a member of the United Nations, after gaining membership into the interna...
Another area where the two countries differ is in governance. Northern Ireland is recognized as a devolved government under a constitutional monarchy and is, therefore, headed by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. In contrast, the Republic of Ireland is a parliamentary constitutional republic with its own head of state and government.
The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland came into existence in 1921 after Ireland was politically divided into the two distinct regions. The partitioning was done in line with the 1920 Government of Ireland Act which was provided under the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The treaty was signed in the aftermath of the Anglo-Irish War of the early 20th Century.
- England Annexes Wales, Fails to Conquer Scotland
- England and Scotland Form Union as 'Great Britain'
- Great Britain Forms Union with Ireland, Then Southern Ireland Leaves
- Nationalism Rises
The Kingdom of England, formed in 927, gained the first U.K. state other than itself through invasion. In the late 13th century, King Edward I conquered the western Principality of Wales, claiming it as a territory of England. Next, he invaded the northern Kingdom of Scotland, kicking off the First War of Scottish Independence (that’s the one in Braveheart). Scotland emerged from the First and Second Wars of Scottish Independence with its sovereignty intact. Wales, meanwhile, remained a conquered territory. Beginning with Edward I, English monarchs gave their successors the title of “Prince of Wales” to signify their control over the territory. This tradition continues today with Charles, Prince of Wales. The late Lady Diana was also the Princess of Wales during their marriage. Still, Wales was not an official part of the Kingdom of England until the 1530s and ‘40s. Under King Henry VIII, England passed Acts of Unionextending English laws and norms into Wales. This was the first maj...
When Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603, the next person in line to the throne was her cousin, King James VI of Scotland. Now, he gained a second name: King James I of England. Even though Scotland and England shared the same king, they were still two politically separate kingdoms, each with their own parliament. Over the next century, there were several failed attempts to merge them into one nation. These attempts ended in 1707, when England and Scotland united as “Great Britain” under Queen Anne (the queen portrayed in The Favourite). There were several reasons for this union, says Christopher A. Whatley, a professor of Scottish history at the University of Dundee and author of The Scots and the Union: Then and Now. One was the fact that Scotland was in debt after trying to establish a colonial empire in the Americas the same way that England, Portugal and Spain had done. “The Scots recognized that the Realpolitik, if you like, of the situation was that if they were to establish marke...
Remember how King James IV of Scotland was also King James I of England? Well, he was actually King James I of Ireland, too. Back in the 1540s, Ireland become a dependent kingdom of England, and the 1542 Crown of Ireland Act mandated that the king of England was now also the king of Ireland. The first person to hold both titles was Henry VIII. The last was George III, who oversaw the 1801 creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Whatley says England used its 1707 union with Scotland as a model for Great Britain’s 1801 union with Ireland. However, the Irish union didn’t last nearly as long. Between 1919 and 1921, the Irish Republican Army fought for independence from the U.K. The Irish War of Independence ended with the division of Irelandinto northern and southern regions in 1922. The northern region remained a part of the U.K., which changed its title to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The southern region became the Irish Free State, wh...
After World War II, there was an increase in nationalism in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. This took the form of activism, violent conflict and the formation of political parties that emphasized independence from the U.K. In December 2019, discussions about Scottish independence and Irish reunification increased after an election ensured Conservative party leader Boris Johnson would remain U.K. prime minister and continue with the plan to withdraw the United Kingdom from the European Union, as mandated by a June 2016 referendum known as Brexit. Brexit was much less popular in Scotland and Northern Ireland than in England. One way for both states to remain in the E.U. would be by declaring independence from the U.K. In Northern Ireland’s case, this could mean reuniting with the Republic of Ireland. Scotland already held an independence referendum in 2014, in which it voted by 55 percent to remain in the U.K. But a lot has changed since then. In the wake of the December 2019 el...
- Becky Little
- 4 min
People also ask
What is the history of Northern Ireland?
What is the population of Northern Ireland?
Why was Northern Ireland separated from Ireland?
What is the land area of Northern Ireland?
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Flag Anthem: "God Save the Queen" Royal coats of arms: Show globe Show map of Europe Location of the United Kingdom (dark green) in Europe (dark grey) Location of the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories (red) Capital and largest city London 51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117 ...
Feb 03, 2021 · A hundred years ago, Northern Ireland was established, and with it the current shape of the United Kingdom. That familiar form has survived World War II, the Troubles, and no fewer than three...
- Brent Peabody
United Kingdom, on the other hand, is purely a political term: it’s the independent country that encompasses all of Great Britain and the region now called Northern Ireland. Great Britain versus the United Kingdom The map shows the territories of the British Isles and the names by which they should be referred to.
- related to: Northern Ireland United Kingdom
tripadvisor.com has been visited by 100K+ users in the past month
cheapflights.com has been visited by 100K+ users in the past month