Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist. The name's etymological origin is the Greek word ὄγκος (óngkos), meaning 1. "burden, volume, mass" and 2. "barb", and the Greek word λόγος (), meaning "study".
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Oncology is the medical specialty that deals with the study and treatment of cancer.A doctor that practices oncology is called an oncologist. The term originates from the Greek onkos (ονκος), meaning bulk, mass, or tumour; and the suffix -ology, meaning "study of."
Oncology is the field of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Subcategories. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total.
- Cancer cell, Carcinogen, Tumor suppressor genes/oncogenes, Clonally transmissible cancer, Oncovirus, Carcinogenic bacteria
- Research, Index of oncology articles, History, Cancer pain, Cancer and nausea
- Benign tumors, Hyperplasia, Cyst, Pseudocyst, Hamartoma, Malignant progression, Dysplasia, Carcinoma in situ, Cancer, Metastasis, Primary tumor, Sentinel lymph node, Topography, Head and neck (oral, nasopharyngeal), Digestive system, Respiratory system, Bone, Skin, Blood, Urogenital, Nervous system, Endocrine system, Histology, Carcinoma, Sarcoma, Blastoma, Papilloma, Adenoma, Other, Precancerous condition, Paraneoplastic syndrome
- TNM, Ann Arbor, Prostate cancer staging, Gleason grading system, Dukes classification
An oncology nurse is a specialized nurse who cares for cancer patients. These nurses require advanced certifications and clinical experiences in oncology further than the typical baccalaureate nursing program provides.
- Risk factors
- Signs and symptoms
- Quality of life
Gynecologic oncology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer. As specialists, they have extensive training in the diagnosis and treatment of these cancers. In the United States, 82,000 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer annually. In 2013, an estimated 91,730 were diagnosed. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology and the European Society of Gynae
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing gynecologic cancers such as endometrial and ovarian cancer. For endometrial cancer, every 5-unit increase on the BMI scale was associated with a 50-60% increase in risk. Type 1 endometrial cancer is the most common endome
Genetic mutations such as the BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been strongly linked to the development of ovarian cancer. The BRCA1 mutation has been shown to increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer by 36% - 60%. The BRCA2 mutation has been shown to increase the risk of developing ova
Human Papilloma Virus is a common sexually transmitted disease that has been associated with some gynecologic cancers, including those of the cervix, vagina, and vulva. A clear link between human papilloma virus and cervical cancer has long been established, with HPV associated w
Signs and symptoms usually vary depending on the type of cancer. The most common symptoms across all gynecological cancers are abnormal vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, pelvic pain and urination difficulties.
The vast majority of cases are detected past point of metastasis beyond ovaries, implicating higher risk of morbidity and a need for aggressive combination therapy. Surgery and cytotoxic agents are typically required. Histology type is almost primarily epithelial, so treatments w
Cervical cancer is treated with surgery up to stage 2A. Local excision via loop cone biopsy is sufficient if detected in the earliest stage. If a patient presents beyond this point, bilateral lymphadenectomy is performed to assess metastasis to pelvic lymph nodes. If lymph nodes
Hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy is performed for early stage disease. More aggressive cases with lymphatic spread are often treated with radiotherapy. Hormone therapy is most commonly used to treat systemic spread, as endometrial cancer patients tend to be older and suffe
The experience of cancer influences the psychological aspect of sexuality, by posing a risk of developing barriers such as body image issues, low self esteem, and low mood or anxiety. Other barriers include changes to reproductive organs or sex drive as well as potential genital
- Physician education
The American Society of Clinical Oncology is a professional organization representing physicians of all oncology sub-specialties who care for people with cancer. Founded in 1964 by Fred Ansfield, Harry Bisel, Herman Freckman, Arnoldus Goudsmit, Robert Talley, William Wilson, and Jane C. Wright, it has nearly 45,000 members worldwide.
ASCO offers educational resources for cancer physicians and other health care professionals of clinical oncology. These include scientific meetings, educational conferences, professional workshops, and special symposia on issues of particular relevance and importance to oncologists and researchers. It also produced the patient information website, Cancer.Net It publishes numerous journals, books, newsletters, and online and multimedia resources; it publishes the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the
Created by members of ASCO, the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO is a 501 charitable organization. Since the inception of its grants and awards program in 1984, Conquer Cancer has awarded more than $90 million in funding through nearly 1,500 grants and awards to researchers in 65 countries. In 2015, the foundation launched The Campaign to Conquer Cancer, a comprehensive campaign to raise $150 million to fund cancer research, support Conquer Cancer's top priorities, and bring national awareness
Cancer immunotherapy (sometimes called immuno-oncology) is the artificial stimulation of the immune system to treat cancer, improving on the immune system's natural ability to fight the disease. It is an application of the fundamental research of cancer immunology and a growing subspeciality of oncology .
HemOnc.org is the largest freely available medical wiki of interventions, regimens, and general information relevant to the fields of hematology and oncology. It is designed for easy use and intended for healthcare professionals.
Urologic oncology concerns the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as cancer of the prostate, adrenal glands, bladder, kidneys, ureters, testicles, and penis, as well as the skin and subcutaneous tissue and muscle and fascia of those areas (that particular subspecialty overlaps with dermatological oncology and related ...
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