The Romance languages (less commonly Latin languages, or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin between the third and eighth centuries. They are a subgroup of the Italic languages in the Indo-European language family.
The Romance languages (also sometimes called Romanic languages) are a language family in the Indo-European languages. They started from Vulgar Latin (in Latin, "vulgar" is the word for "common" and so "Vulgar Latin" means "Common Latin"). The most spoken Romance languages are Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and Romanian.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Romance language family (simplified) Western Romance languages are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line. They include the Gallo-Romance and West Iberian branches.
The Eastern Romance languages are a group of Romance languages.Today, the group consists of the Balkan Romance (also known as Daco-Romance) subgroup which comprises the Romanian language (Daco-Romanian), Aromanian language (Macedo-Romanian) and two other related minor languages, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian; and the Castelmezzano dialect, in southern Italy.
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Western Romance languages are a branch of Romance languages. The main languages in the branch are Spanish, French, and Portuguese. The branch has two parts, Gallo-Romance and Iberian Romance.
- Origins and development
- Common traits between Portuguese, Spanish and Catalan
- Family tree
The Iberian Romance, Ibero-Romance or sometimes Iberian languages are a group of Romance languages that developed on the Iberian Peninsula, an area consisting primarily of Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra, and in southern France which are today more commonly separated into West Iberian and Occitano-Romance language groups. Evolved from the Vulgar Latin of Iberia, the most widely spoken Iberian Romance languages are Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan-Valencian-Balear and Galician. These languages
Like all Romance languages, the Iberian Romance languages descend from Vulgar Latin, the nonstandard form of the Latin language spoken by soldiers and merchants throughout the Roman Empire. With the expansion of the empire, Vulgar Latin came to be spoken by inhabitants of the various Roman-controlled territories. Latin and its descendants have been spoken in Iberia since the Punic Wars, when the Romans conquered the territory.
This list points to common traits of these Iberian subsets, especially when compared to the other Romance languages in general. Thus, changes such as Catalan vuit/huit and Portuguese oito vs. Spanish ocho are not shown here, as the change -it- > -ch- is exclusive to Spanish among the Iberian Romance languages.
Politically, there are four major officially recognised Iberian Romance languages: 1. Spanish, is the national and official language of 21 countries, including Spain. Spanish is the fourth-most widely spoken language in the world, with over 570 total million speakers, and the second-most widely spoken native language. It has a number of dialects and varieties. 2. Portuguese, official language in nine countries including Portugal and Brazil. After Spanish, Portuguese is the second most widely spo
The Iberian Romance languages are a conventional group of Romance languages. Many authors use the term in a geographical sense although they are not necessarily a phylogenetic group. Phylogenetically, there is disagreement about what languages should be considered within the Iberian Romance group; for example, some authors consider that East Iberian, also called Occitano-Romance, could be more closely related to languages of northern Italy. A common conventional geographical grouping is the foll
- Traditional geographical extension
The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes in the narrowest sense French, Occitan, and Franco-Provençal. However, other definitions are far broader, variously encompassing Catalan, the Gallo-Italic languages, and the Rhaeto-Romance languages. Old Gallo-Romance was one of the three languages in which the Oaths of Strasbourg were written in 842 AD.
The Gallo-Romance group includes: 1. The Oïl languages. These include French, Orleanais, Gallo, Angevin, Tourangeau, Saintongeais, Poitevin, Bourgignon, Picard, Walloon, Lorrain and Norman. 2. Franco-Provençal, of middleeastern France, western Switzerland, and Aosta Valley region of northwestern Italy. Formerly thought of as a dialect of either Oïl or Occitan, it is linguistically a language on its own, or rather a separate group of languages, as many of its dialects have little mutual ...
How far the Gallo-Romance languages spread varies a great deal depending on which languages are included in the group. Those included in its narrowest definition were historically spoken in the north of France, parts of Flanders, Alsace, part of Lorraine, the Wallonia region of Belgium, the Channel Islands, parts of Switzerland, and northern Italy. Today, a single Gallo-Romance language dominates much of this geographic region and has also spread overseas. At its broadest, the area also encompas
Balkan Romance comprises Romanian (or Daco-Romanian), Aromanian (or Macedo-Romanian), Megleno-Romanian and Istro-Romanian, according to the most widely accepted classification of the Romance languages. The four languages—sometimes labelled as "dialects" of Romanian —developed from a common ancestor. They are surrounded by non-Romance languages.
- Classification of Catalan
- Internal variation
The Occitano-Romance or Gallo-Narbonnese, or rarely East Iberian, is a branch of the Romance language group that encompasses the Catalan/Valencian, Occitan languages spoken in parts of southern France and northeastern Spain. Aragonese is sometimes also included due to significant influence from the group.
The group covers the languages of the southern part of France, eastern Spain, together with Andorra, Monaco, parts of Italy, and historically in the County of Tripoli and the possessions of the Crown of Aragon. The existence of this group of languages is discussed on both linguistic and political bases.
According to some linguists both Occitan and Catalan/Valencian should be considered Gallo-Romance languages. Other linguists concur as regarding Occitan but consider Catalan and Aragonese to be part of the Ibero-Romance languages. The issue at debate is as political as it is linguistic because the division into Gallo-Romance and Ibero-Romance languages stems from the current nation states of France and Spain and so is based more on territorial criteria than historic and linguistic criteria. One
Most linguists separate Catalan and Occitan, but both languages have been treated as one in studies by Occitan linguists attempting to classify the dialects of Occitan in supradialectal groups, such is the case of Pierre Bec and, more recently, of Domergue Sumien. 1. Supradialectal classification of Occitano-Romance according to P. Bec 2. Supradialectal classification of Occitano-Romance according to D. Sumien Both join together in an Aquitano-Pyrenean or Pre-Iberian group including Catalan, Gas
Rhaeto-Romance, Rheto-Romance, or Rhaetian, is a traditional subfamily of the Romance languages that is spoken in north and north-eastern Italy and in Switzerland. The name "Rhaeto-Romance" refers to the former Roman province of Rhaetia. The linguistic basis of the subfamily is discussed in the so-called Questione Ladina.