Sikhs ( / siːk / or / sɪk /; Punjabi: ਸਿੱਖ, sikkh [sɪkkʰ] Devanagari: सिख) are people who adhere to Sikhism (Sikhi), a monotheistic religion that originated in the late 15th century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, based on the revelation of Guru Nanak. 
Sikhism (/ ˈ s ɪ k ɪ z əm /), also known as Sikhi (Punjabi:...
The kirpan is a curved, single-edged dagger or knife carried...
- Guru Nanak
Gurū Nānak (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539; Gurmukhi:...
Sikhism, religion and philosophy founded in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in the late 15th century. The Sikhs call their faith Gurmat (Punjabi: “the Way of the Guru”). According to Sikh tradition, Sikhism was established by Guru Nanak (1469–1539) and subsequently led by a succession of nine other Gurus.
- Geographical Distribution
- Notable Sikh Americans
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Sikhs have lived in the United States for more than 130 years. The first Sikh immigrants to the United States started to arrive in the second half of the 19th century, when poor economic conditions in British India drove many Indians to emigrate elsewhere. Most Sikh immigrants to the United States came from the province of Punjab and came to the U.S. to work on agricultural farms in California, travelling via Hong Kong to Angel Island. In the years just after 1900, hundreds of Sikhs had arriv...
Discrimination after the September 11 attacks
As a result of the September 11 attacks, some Sikh Americans have become subject to discrimination, often from individuals who mistakenly believe that they are Arab or Muslim. Balbir Singh Sodhi, a gas station owner, was killed on September 15, 2001, due to being mistaken for a Muslim. In a 2011 report to the United States Senate, the Southern Poverty Law Center reported several assaults and incidents of arson at Sikh temples after September 11. All were labeled as hate crimes that resulted f...
In the 1960s, due to increased Indian immigration and rising interest in Indian spirituality in the American counterculture, a number of non-Punjabi Americans began to enter 3HO. Prominent in this trend was Yogi Bhajan, leader of the Sikh-related movement 3HO(Healthy, Happy, Holy Organization), whose Los Angeles temple was the first to introduce non-Punjabi Americans to Sikhism.
Approximately half of all American Sikhs live in California.
Areas with prominent Sikh populations include the Richmond Hill neighborhood of the New York borough of Queens, as well as Yuba City, California, southwest Bakersfield, California, Stocktown, California, Carteret, New Jersey, Livingston, California, and Millbourne, Pennsylvania. Richmond Hill is often referred to as "Little Punjab" due to its large Sikh population. In 2020, the stretch of 101st Avenue between 111th and 123rd streets was renamed Punjab Avenue (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਐਵੇਨਿਊ) and the stretch of...Atkinson, David C. The burden of white supremacy: Containing Asian migration in the British empire and the United States(U North Carolina Press, 2016).Hawley, John Stratton, and Gurinder Singh Mann. Studying the Sikhs: Issues for North America(State University of New York Press, 1993).Kurien, Prema. "Shifting US racial and ethnic identities and Sikh American activism." RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 4.5 (2018): 81–98. onlineMahmood, Cynthia Keppley, and Stacy Brady. The Guru's Gift: An Ethnography Exploring Gender Equality with North American Sikh Women(Mayfield Publishers, 2000).
The establishment of the Sikh Empire in 1799 is commonly considered the zenith of Sikhism in the political sphere,  during its existence (from 1799 to 1849) the Sikh Empire came to include Kashmir, Ladakh, and Peshawar. A number of Muslim and Hindu peasants converted to Sikhism. 
Jat Sikh (also known by the more conventional endonym Jatt Sikh) is a sub-group of the Jat people and the Sikh religious group from the Indian subcontinent. They are one of the dominant communities in the Punjab owing to their large land holdings.  They form an estimated 21%–25% of the population of the Indian state of Punjab.
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