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    Sint Maarten (Dutch pronunciation: [sɪntˈmaːrtə(n)] ) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean. With a population of 41,486 [1] as of January 2019 on an area of 41.44 km 2 (16.00 sq mi), it encompasses the southern 44% of the divided island of Saint Martin , while the northern 56% of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin .

  2. The Island area of St. Martin ( Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten) was part of the Netherlands Antilles, until the Antilles was dissolved in October 2010, when Sint Maarten became a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. [6] The Government of the Netherlands is responsible for defence, foreign affairs and nationality law.

    • Early History
    • Colonial Era
    • 20th Century and Beyond
    • See Also

    Ancient relics date the island's first settlers, probably Ciboney Indians (a subgroup of Arawaks), back to 3,500 years ago.[citation needed] Then another group of Arawaks migrated from South America's Orinoco basin around 800 A.D.[citation needed] Because of St. Martin's salt-pans they called it "Soualiga," or "Land of Salt." Mainly a farming and f...

    In 1493, on Christopher Columbus second voyages to the West Indies, upon first sighting the island he named it Isla de San Martín after Saint Martin of Tours because it was November 11, St. Martin Day.[citation needed] However, though he claimed it as a Spanishterritory, Columbus never landed there, and Spain made the settlement of the island a low...

    After abolition of slavery, plantation culture declined and the island's economy suffered. In 1939, St. Martin received a major boost when it was declared a duty-free port. The Dutch began focusing on tourismin the 1950s. It took the French another twenty years to start developing their tourism industry. Currently, tourism provides the backbone of ...

  3. Sint Maarten, a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, has a government formed by the monarch, represented by the governor, and the ministers. The prime minister presides the council of ministers. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.

  4. Sint Maarten ist ein autonomes Land innerhalb des Königreiches der Niederlande. Sint Maarten besteht aus dem südlichen Teil der Karibikinsel St. Martin sowie einigen kleinen unbewohnten Nebeninseln und Felsen. Der nördliche Teil der Insel wird vom französischen Überseegebiet Saint-Martin eingenommen.

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  6. Maarten snijdt zijn mantel doormidden voor een bedelaar. Het is de naamdag van Martinus van Tours en wordt ook Sint-Martinus, Sinte-Marten, Sinter Merte of Sinte-Mette genoemd. Sint-Maarten werd bekend doordat hij als soldaat de helft van zijn mantel gaf aan een arme bedelaar en na een droom koos om verder te leven als een christen. De invulling die aan dit feest gegeven wordt verschilt van streek tot streek.

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