Slavs are a European ethno-linguistic group of people who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group of the Indo-European languages.They are native to Eurasia, stretching from Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe all the way north and eastwards to Northeast Europe, Northern Asia and Central Asia (especially Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan), as well as ...
The oldest mention of the Slavic ethnonym is the 6th century...
Ancient Roman sources refer to the Early Slavic peoples as...
Proto-Slavic, the supposed ancestor language of all Slavic...
- Ethno-cultural subdivisions
Slavs are customarily divided along geographical lines into...
The pagan Slavic populations were Christianized between the...
- List of Slavic Tribes
Veneti / Sporoi (common ancestors of all Slavs, Proto-Slavs,...
- Early Slavic
The early Slavs were a diverse group of tribal societies who...
- Germanic Peoples
Germanic-speaking Europe refers to the area of Europe that...
Slavs (ethnonym) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Slavic ethnonym (and autonym), Slavs, is reconstructed in Proto-Slavic as *Slověninъ, plural Slověně. The earliest written references to the Slav ethnonym are in other languages.
- New York production
Slavs!: Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness is a 1994 play by Tony Kushner, set in the USSR as it crumbles and during its later rebirth as a collection of independent states. The play has four acts, beginning in 1985 and ending in 1992. The play premiered at the Actors Theatre of Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky on 8 March 1994. It later moved to the New York Theatre Workshop on 12 December 1994, in a production featuring Academy Award winner Marisa Tomei and Misch
The action begins in Moscow in March 1985 as Mikhail Gorbachev succeeds Konstantin Chernenko as general secretary of the Communist Party.
Crew 1. Direction by Lisa Peterson 2. Set design by Neil Patel 3. Costumes by Gabriel Berry 4. Lighting by Christopher Akerlind 5. Sound by Darron L. West
Slavs! New York production was warmly received by Vincent Canby of The New York Times; "he has created a rambunctiously funny, seriously moving stage piece that is part buffoonish burlesque and part tragic satire. From beginning to end, it's also shot through with the kind of irony virtually unknown in today's theater, movies and television, where sarcasm passes for wit." Canby continued to describe the play as "a work of a brilliant and restless imagination." Canby continued "Mr. Kushner's word
Slavs! is published by Broadway Play Publishing Inc. in the collection Plays By Tony Kushner as well as in an acting edition.
Present-day Slavic peoples are classified into West Slavs (mainly Poles, Czechs and Slovaks), East Slavs (mainly Russians, Belarusians, and Ukrainians), and South Slavs (mainly Serbs, Bulgarians, Croats, Bosniaks, Macedonians, Slovenes, and Montenegrins).
- People and countries
The South Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the South Slavic languages. They inhabit a contiguous region in the Balkan Peninsula and the eastern Alps, and in the modern era are geographically separated from the body of West Slavic and East Slavic people by the Romanians, Hungarians, and Austrians in between. The South Slavs today include the nations of Bosniaks, Bulgarians, Croats, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Serbs and Slovenes. They are the main population of the Eastern and South
The South Slavs are known in Serbian, Macedonian and Montenegrin as Južni Sloveni; in Bulgarian as Yuzhni Slavyani; in Croatian and Bosnian as Južni Slaveni; in Slovene as Južni Slovani. The Slavic root *jugъ means "south". The Slavic ethnonym itself was used by 6th-century writers to describe the southern group of Early Slavs; West Slavs were called Veneti and East Slavs Antes. The South Slavs are also called "Balkan Slavs", although this term does not encompass the Slovenes. Another ...
The Proto-Slavic homeland is the area of Slavic settlement in Central and Eastern Europe during the first millennium AD, with its precise location debated by archaeologists, ethnographers and historians. None of the proposed homelands reaches the Volga River in the east, over the
By 700 AD, Slavs had settled in most of Central and Southeast Europe, from Austria even down to the Peloponnese of Greece, and from the Adriatic to the Black Sea, with the exception of the coastal areas and certain mountainous regions of the Greek peninsula. The Avars, who arrive
After Ottoman expansion into Byzantine territories in the east in the first half of the 14th century, the internally divided Bulgarian Empire and the short-lived and crumbling Serbian Empire stood next. In 1371, the Ottomans defeated a large Serbian army at the Battle of Maritsa,
South Slavs are divided linguistically into eastern and western groups, and religiously into Orthodox, Catholic and Muslim. There are an estimated 35 million South Slavs and their descendants living worldwide. Among South Slavic ethnic groups that are also nations are the Serbs, Bulgarians, Croats, Bosniaks, Slovenes, Macedonians and Montenegrins. Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats are the constituent nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Among South Slavic minorities or self-identifications are the Yugosl
The religious and cultural diversity of the region the South Slavs inhabit has had a considerable influence on their religion. Originally a polytheistic pagan people, the South Slavs have also preserved many of their ancient rituals and traditional folklore, often intermixing and combining it with the religions they later converted to.
Slavs Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge The Slavic fowk are an Indo-European ethnic-linguistic group livin in Central Europe, Eastren Europe, Sootheast Europe, North Asie an Central Asie, who speak the Indo-European Slavic leids, an share, tae varyin degrees, certain cultural traits an historical backgrunds.
- 10 million
- 150 million
- 39.8–57.5 million
- Historical background
- Phases of the settlement
- Slavs and the original population
The settlement of the Eastern Alps region by early Slavs took place during the 6th to 8th centuries. It is part of the southward expansion of the early Slavs which would result in the characterization of the South Slavic group, and would ultimately result in the ethnogenesis of the modern Slovene people. The Eastern Alpine territories concerned comprise modern-day Slovenia, Eastern Friuli and large parts of modern Austria.
The migration of Slavic peoples from their homeland began in roughly the late 4th to early 5th century, as Germanic peoples started moving into the territory of the Roman Empire. The migrations were stimulated by the arrival of Huns into Eastern Europe. The Germanic peoples subsequently fought for control over territories in the eastern part of the disintegrating Roman Empire. Slavic tribes were part of various tribal alliances with the Germanic and Eurasian peoples.
The prevailing view on the Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps is based mostly on evidence deduced from archeological remains, ethnographic traces, as well as on the ascertainments of historical linguistics. Besides, it is fully confirmed by the relatively few available contemporary mentionings and early historical sources. Another important evidence of Slavic advances is the progressive decline of ancient Christian dioceses in the respective areas. Alpine Slavs, including Carantanians, mainly
The first phase of Slavic settlement in the Eastern Alps region is dated around the year 550 and originated in the area of modern Moravia. From there, Slavic peoples moved southward into the territory of the former Roman province of Noricum. Subsequently, they progressed along the valleys of Alpine rivers towards the Karavanke range and towards the settlement of Poetovio, where the decline of the local diocese is recorded before 577.
After settling in the Eastern Alps region, Slavs subsequently subjugated the original Romanised population, which had dwelt in the territory of the former Noricum province and in its cities. In late Antiquity, the original population evaded Slavic settlers by moving into remote and elevated places, usually hills, where they built fortifications; such examples are Ajdna in the Karavanke mountain ridge and Rifnik near modern Celje. However, recent archeological research shows that even certain wel
- Serbia and Montenegro
- In popular culture
Its lyrics were first written in 1834 under the title "Hey, Slovaks" by Samuel Tomášik and it has since served as the ethnic anthem of the Pan-Slavic movement, organizational anthem of the Sokol physical education and political movement, and the national anthem of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro. The song is also considered to be the unofficial second ethnic anthem of the Slovaks. Its melody is based on "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego", which has also been the national anthem of Poland since...
In Serbo-Croatian, which used both the Latin and the Cyrillic alphabets, the title "Hej, Slaveni" was written
After the break-up of Yugoslavia in 1991 and 1992, when only Serbia and Montenegro remained in the federation, "Hey, Slavs" continued to be used, as the national anthem of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Slobodan Milošević wanted to adopt “Hey, Slavs” as the Serbian anthem, but the Main Board of the Socialist Party of Serbia overruled it, feeling that it was inappropriate to reuse it after having assigned it to Yugoslavia, thus they assigned Serbia “March on the Drina” instead ...
The Yugoslav band Bijelo Dugme recorded a version of the song for their 1984 self-titled album. The Yugoslav and Slovenian band Laibach recorded an electronic version of the song, with lyrics in both English and Slovene, for their 2006 album Volk. The song is also featured in the 2002 Slovenian film Headnoise.
- "Hej, Slovenci", "Hej, Słowianie"
- 1992 (by Yugoslavia), 2006 (by Serbia and Montenegro)
- Composer unknown, 1820s
- Samuel Tomášik, 1834
- Campaign Appearances
- In-Game Dialogue Language
- Ai Player Names
As an infantry civilization, the Slavs have access to the full infantry technology tree and also get Druzhina, making their infantry units highly useful in mass battles. Their cavalry is also good despite missing out on the Paladin upgrade. The archers, however, are among the worst of all civilizations. This is compensated to a degree by their excellent Siege Workshop units that get a 15% discount. Especially the Heavy Scorpion can fulfill the archers' role for the Slavs. Their navy is weak, although they can fully upgrade their Fire Ships. The Slavic Monks are excellent offensively with every upgrade there plus Orthodoxy which grants them extra armor, making them fearsome in Monk rushes. They lack Heresy and Faith and thus are vulnerable to conversion (Note: Faith was added in the Definitive Edition). Their defensive structures are below average but their faster farmingis considered one of the strongest economic bonuses in the game.
The Slavs are a playable civilization only in a few scenarios of the Draculacampaign. They also appear as allies or enemies in:
1. Boyar: Heavily armored cavalry, resistant to melee attack
1. Orthodoxy: Gives Monks+3/+3 armor. 2. Druzhina: Gives infantry splash damage.
1. Farmerswork 10% faster. 2. Trackingis free (in the HD expansions). 3. Supplies is free (in the Definitive Edition). 4. Siege Workshopunits are 15% cheaper.
1. Boyarsmove at a speed of 1.35.
The African Kingdoms
1. Initially can research Arrowslits. With patch 4.8, it was removed from the technology tree. 2. With patch 4.8, Boyars now move at a speed of 1.4.
Rise of the Rajas
1. The Farm bonus now properly works after researching Wheelbarrow and Hand Cart. 2. With patch 5.8, the farm bonus was reduced back a slight amount so that it closely matches the stated 15% faster rate.
In-game, Slavic units speak Russian. Before Rise of the Rajas was released, Slavic units reused the Russians' dialogue that is used in Age of Empires III. With the expansion's release, they received new dialogue in Russian with a small number of archaic words. General dialogue 1. Az gotov/Az gotova(Аз готов/Аз готовa) - I'm ready 2. Da(Да) - Yes 3. Zdrav bud' (Здрав будь) - Greetings 4. Prikazaniya?(Приказания? - Orders? 5. Az sdelayu(Аз сделаю) - I do 6. Sdelayu(Сделаю) - I will do it 7. Totchas sdelayu(Тотчас сделаю) - I'll do it immediately 8. Pravilno(Правильно) - Correct 9. Remontnik/Remontnitsa(Ремонтник/Ремонтница) - Repairer 10. Sobiratel'/Sobiratel'nitsa(Собиратель/Собирательница) - Gatherer 11. Lesorub (Лесоруб)- Woodcutter 12. Zizhditel'/Zizhditel'nitsa(Зиждитель/Зиждительница) - Builder/creator 13. Rudokop(Рудокоп) - Ore miner 14. Rybak/Rybachka(Рыбак/Рыбачка) - Fisher 15. Okhotnik/Okhotnitsa(Охотник/Охотница) - Hunter Military 1. Da(Да) - Yes 2. K vashim uslugam(К вашим...
When playing a random map game against the computer, the player may encounter any of the following Slavic AI characters: 1. Alexander Nevsky(Александр Невский): Served as Prince of Novgorod (1236–52), Grand Prince of Kiev (1236–52) and Grand Prince of Vladimir (1252–63) during some of the most difficult times in Kievan Rus' history. He was later declared a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church. 2. Bolesław the Brave: Duke of Poland from 992 to 1025, and the first King of Poland in 1025. As Boleslav IV, he was also Duke of Bohemia between 1002 and 1003. 3. Casimir II the Great: Possibly refers to Casimir II the Just (1138–1194), Duke of Cracow and senior prince of Poland, or Casimir III the Great reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370. 4. Oleg the Seer(Ѡлегъ): A Varangian prince (or konung) who ruled all or part of the Rus' people during the early 10th century. 5. Ottokar I: Duke of Bohemia periodically beginning in 1192, then acquired the title King of Bohemia, first in 1198...Before the Forgotten was released, all of the Slav factions in the Genghis Khan and Barbarossa campaigns (Polish, Bohemians, and Russians) are mostly represented by Goths and Teutons.The in-game Slavs represented the pre-divisional Eastern Slavic identity of the Kievan Rus'. As this TedED video on the history of Russia explains, they were a people "populated by Slavs, ruled by...The Slavs were the second Russian-type civilization to be featured in the Age of Empires series, preceded by the Russians in Age of Empires III.Despite the fact that Castles are military buildings, they are not affected by the Slavic military building population bonus. This is most likely due to the fact that Castles already provide popula...
Mass fifth century migrations caused by the Hunnic invasions left northeastern Europe an area open for settlement and, starting circa 500 AD, the Slavs became the region’s dominant civilization. Although archaeological evidence indicates that the Slavs had already settled Europe in prior centuries, possibly in the areas of present-day Ukraine and Belarus, the historical record first makes mention of them through Byzantine writings describing the large numbers of Slavs massing near their borders. Upon settling down, the Slavs established several competing states throughout Eastern Europe, falling into either the Byzantine or Holy Roman spheres of influence. The first great Slavic state, the Bulgarian Empire, formed in 681 AD. This nation was founded by the Bulgars, a Turkic people that settled in the Eastern Balkans (north of the Byzantine Empire). However, the Bulgarian Empire expanded into most of the Balkans, which was by then mainly Slavic, and by the tenth century the state was...