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      • English: The South Slavic languages form a subgroup of the Slavic languages. They are spoken on the Balkans and those languages are: Macedonian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin, Serbian, Bulgarian and Old Church Slavonic.
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  2. The South Slavic languages are one of three branches of the Slavic languages. There are approximately 30 million speakers, mainly in the Balkans. These are separated geographically from speakers of the other two Slavic branches ( West and East) by a belt of German, Hungarian and Romanian speakers.

  3. of these, 10 have at least one million speakers and official status as the national languages of the countries in which they are predominantly spoken: russian, belarusian and ukrainian (of the east group), polish, czech and slovak (of the west group) and bulgarian and macedonian (eastern dialects of the south group), and serbo-croatian and …

  4. South Slavic languages B Banat Bulgarian dialect Bulgarian language C Chakavian D D with stroke Declaration on the Common Language E Eastern South Slavic G Gora dialect I Illyrian (South Slavic) K Kajkavian M Macedonian language Montenegrin language N Nj (digraph) R Romano-Serbian language S Serbo-Croatian Slovene language T Torlakian dialects Tshe

    • Overview
    • Origin
    • Notation
    • Dialectal differentiation
    • Loanwords

    The history of the Slavic languages stretches over 3000 years, from the point at which the ancestral Proto-Balto-Slavic language broke up into the modern-day Slavic languages which are today natively spoken in Eastern, Central and Southeastern Europe as well as parts of North Asia and Central Asia. The first 2000 years or so consist of the pre-Slav...

    The development into Proto-Slavic probably occurred along the southern periphery of the Proto-Balto-Slavic continuum. This is concluded from Slavic hydronyms, the most archaic of which are found between the northeastern rim of the Carpathian mountains in the west, along the middle Dnieper, the Pripet, and the upper Dniester river in the east. Recen...

    See Proto-Balto-Slavic language#Notation for much more detail on the uses of the most commonly encountered diacritics for indicating prosody and various other phonetic distinctions in different Balto-Slavic languages.

    The breakup of Common Slavic was gradual and many sound changes still propagated throughout what must have been by then a dialect continuum. However, several changes were more restricted, or had different outcomes. The end of the Common Slavic period occurred with the loss of the yers. This ended the era of syllabic synharmony by creating large num...

    The lexical stock of the Slavic languages also includes a number of loanwords from the languages of various tribes and peoples that the Proto-Slavic speakers came into contact with. These include mostly Indo-European speakers, chiefly Germanic, speakers of Vulgar Latin or some early Romance dialects, Middle Greek and, to a much lesser extent, Easte...

    • Languages and Dialects
    • Areal
    • Separation Between Macedonian and Bulgarian

    Eastern South Slavic dialects share a number of characteristics that set them apart from the other branch of the South Slavic languages, the Western South Slavic languages. This area consists of Bulgarian and Macedonian, and according to some authors encompasses the southeastern dialect of Serbian, the so-called Prizren-Timok dialect. The last is p...

    The external and internal boundaries of the linguistic sub-group between the transitional Torlakian dialect and Serbian and between Macedonian and Bulgarian languages are not clearly defined. For example, standard Serbian, which is based on its Western (Eastern Herzegovinian dialect), is very different from its Eastern (Prizren-Timok dialect), espe...

    The rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire began to degrade its specific social system, and especially the so-called Rum millet, through constant identification of the religious creed with ethnicity.The national awakening of each ethnic group was complex and most of the groups interacted with each other. During the Bulgarian national revival,...

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