A television show – or simply TV show – is any content produced for viewing on a television set which can be broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, - excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
The first television shows were experimental, sporadic...
- Formats and genres
Television shows are more varied than most other forms of...
Pre-production begins when a script is approved. A director...
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Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in color, and in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television show, or the medium of television transmission.
- Types of television producers
- Writer as "producer"
- Star as "producer"
A television producer is a person who oversees one or more aspects of video production on a television program. Some producers take more of an executive role, in that they conceive new programs and pitch them to the television networks, but upon acceptance they focus on business matters, such as budgets and contracts. Other producers are more involved with the day-to-day workings, participating in activities such as screenwriting, set design, casting, and directing. There are a variety of differ
Different types of producers in the industry today include
Because of the restrictions the Writers Guild of America screenwriting credit system places on writing credits, many script writers in television are credited as "producers" instead, even though they may not engage in the responsibilities generally associated with that title. On-screen, a "producer" credit for a TV series will generally be given to each member of the writing staff who made a demonstrable contribution to the final script. The actual producer of the show is listed under the credit
Sometimes the star of a successful television series can have a degree of influence over the creative process. For example, besides his leading role as Jack Bauer in 24, Kiefer Sutherland was credited as producer during the show's second season, then rising to co-executive producer from season 3 to the last few episodes of season 5, from where he was finally promoted to executive producer. Claire Danes, the star of Homeland, also produces the show. Mark Harmon, star of the series NCIS, serves as
In the entertainment industry, a television producer (compare to film producer) is generally in charge of, or helps coordinate, the financial, legal, administrative, technological, and artistic aspects of a production. In television, a television producer can be given one of the following titles: Associate producer.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Warner Bros. Television Studios International & Formats (formerly Warner Bros. International Television Production) is the global television production arm of Warner Bros. Television Studios.
Production company From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A production company, production house, production studio, or a production team is a business that provides the physical basis for works in the fields of performing arts, new media art, film, television, radio, comics, interactive arts, video games, websites, music, and video.
Sep 15, 2017 · What Is TV Production? By: Darrin Meyer Updated September 15, 2017 TV production is the process of developing a television show from its early writing stage through acquiring talent and a crew, securing a set or location, shooting, editing, and preparing it for broadcast.
- Production Differences For News Programming
- Other Considerations
The conceptualization phase of production is where the bulk of the creative work is completed. This phase begins with the generation of ideas. These ideas can be brainstormed by one or more creators, or in the case of a corporate video or other production that must meet certain objectives, several different people may be assigned to a specific area for which they will generate a creative concept. If needed, research via computer databases, interviews, or other sources may be performed to supplement the concepts that will be brought to the table for organization. The second major part of the conceptualization phase is the organization of ideas. While there are many ways in which to organize concepts, some successful methods are worth mentioning. These are outlines, word trees, and the similar word webs. However the production group attempts this organization, it is helpful to at least think of the ideas as weaving together into an executable production process. From here, two roads c...
Preproduction, which encompasses everything from the writing of the script to the gathering of props and costumes, begins with the gathering ofpersonnel. These personnel may include writers, script editors, directors, art designers, costume designers, makeup artists, actors, production assistants, musicians, camera operators, audio operators, lighting directors, videotape operators, character generator or computer graphicsoperators, videotape editors, and other crew and support depending on the scope of the project. In other words, the number of people who are involved in preproduction of a given program can range from a small handful of people to a small army. Once the personnel are hired and money has changed hands, a writer is given the chosen concept and the desired effect and begins to work on a script. This script, which may experience several revisions depending on feedback by the producers and clients (if applicable), will then be given to a director, who will block the scri...
The production phase is perhaps the most exciting and most exhausting phase for the entire crew. This phase begins with long rehearsals amidst the creation of the setting. Only when the producers and directors are satisfied, or when the production schedule demands it, rehearsals become shoots and each scene is recorded. During this time, the various shots are recorded, reviewed, revised, and/or re-recorded as the production crew try to capture a good product within the confines of the production schedule. Also during this time, each shot is carefully logged according to position on the videotape or film, date and time of recording, content of the footage, and any other necessary information that will enable the editors to locate and identify it during postproduction. Without this log, hundreds of hours may be wasted trying to find certain footage for key scenes or needed filler. Therefore, it is imperative that every shot be logged and every tape be labeled so that the post-producti...
Postproduction involves the actual constructing of the envisioned program. It is the culminationof the long hours spent conceptualizing, planning, and recording the various program elements. Unfortunately, unless the program is a live program, postproduction usually takes longer than expected and therefore may stretch the estimated budget to its limits. The main component of postproduction is the editing. Editors use either old-fashioned linear editing or nonlinear computer editing programs to put shots together in their designated order. However, not only do the editors follow the script, but they also take creative license in selecting the best shots, adding filler sequences, and even changing the sequence of certain scripted shots if deemed necessary. This means that they use the logs to find the desired footage to realize their own envisioned effect. Meanwhile, graphic artists create any graphics, credits, or other computer-generated content. This content, along with any special...
News programming differs fundamentally from other production processes in several ways. For example, news programming is usually produced under the umbrella of a television station, which means that on-staff personnel are available to gather and compile the day's content. However, the production schedule of a news program spans just a single day, and its content depends on available news stories. The environment surrounding the production of news, therefore, can be quite hurried and intense. Several news employees contribute to the surveillance and research of the local, regional, national, and international landscapes in order to find potential news stories. However, the assignment editors ultimately select the specific stories for the various reporters to pursue. As evident in the local news, many stories are written and read by news anchors with or without accompanying footage or graphics. Other news stories allow for the creation of a news package, in which a reporter will go in...
In a simple world, all the producer needs to think about is the idea and the realization of that idea. However, several legal considerations need to be kept in mind when producing a program. For example, copyright clearance needs to be obtained if proprietary music, reproductions of paintings, or content from books or other items are to be used in the set, the script, or some other part of the production. Related to this are the rights of unionized personnel. Many creative andtechnical personnel, such as directors, actors, camera operators, and engineers, belong to unions or guilds that may dictate minimum salaries, fees, or working conditions in exchange for employment. Authorization may also be needed to hire nonunion personnel if the production is being originated from a unionized organization. Regarding program content, there may be certain content requirements, depending on the categorization of the program. The Federal Communications Commissionlists eight mutually exclusive gr...
Alten, Stanley R. (1994). Audio in Media, 4th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Browne, Steven E. (1993). Videotape Editing: A Postproduction Primer, 2nd edition. Boston: Focal Press. Wurtzel, Alan. (1983). Television Production, 2nd edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. Zettl, Herbert. (1990). Sight, Sound, Motion: Applied Media Aesthetics, 2nd edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Zettl, Herbert. (1992). Television Production Handbook, 5th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Francesca Dillman Carpentier