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  1. China–Indonesia relations - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Tiongkok

    The word—in its Romanized form (Tiongkok)-- was used in Indonesian by the Indonesian government to refer to China up until 1972 but its use ceased following a period of hostile relations in the 1960s. The authoritarian, anti-Chinese New Order government mandated the replacement of the term Tiongkok, as well as Tionghoa (中華), with "Cina".

  2. Tiongkok - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

    id.wikipedia.org › wiki › Republik_Rakyat_Tiongkok

    Itu juga mengecualikan Trans-Karakoram Tract (5800 km2 or 2200 sq mi), Aksai Chin (37244 km2 or 14380 sq mi) dan wilayah lain yang berselisih dengan India. Total wilayah Tiongkok terdaftar sebesar 9572900 km2 (3696100 sq mi) oleh Encyclopædia Britannica. Untuk informasi lebih lanjut, lihat Perubahan teritorial Republik Rakyat Tiongkok.

  3. Portal:Tiongkok - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

    id.wikipedia.org › wiki › Portal:Tiongkok

    热烈欢迎 ! Selamat datang di Portal Tiongkok Wikipedia ! Republik Rakyat Tiongkok ( Hanzi sederhana: 中华人民共和国; Hanzi tradisional: 中華人民共和國; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó, disingkat RRT atau Tiongkok; literal: Republik Rakyat Tionghoa) adalah sebuah negara yang terletak di Asia Timur yang beribukota di ...

  4. China - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › China

    The word "China" has been used in English since the 16th century; however, it was not a word used by the Chinese themselves during this period in time.

  5. Tiongkok - Wiktionary

    en.wiktionary.org › wiki › Tiongkok
    • Pronunciation
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    IPA(key): [tiˈɔŋ.kɔk]
    Hyphenation: Ti‧ong‧kok

    (countries of Asia) negara-negara di Asia; Afganistan, Arab Saudi, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Filipina, India, Indonesia, Irak, Iran, Israel, Jepang, Kamboja, Kazakhs...

    “Tiongkok” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

  6. Sejarah Tiongkok - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

    id.wikipedia.org › wiki › Sejarah_Tiongkok
    • Prasejarah
    • Zaman Kuno
    • Zaman Kekaisaran
    • Zaman Modern
    • Bacaan Lanjutan
    • Pranala Luar

    Paleolitik

    Homo erectus telah mendiami daerah yang sekarang dikenal sebagai Tiongkok sejak zaman Paleolitik, lebih dari satu juta tahun yang lalu . Kajian menunjukkan bahwa peralatan batu yang ditemukan di situs Xiaochangliang telah berumur 1,36 juta tahun . Situs arkeologi Xihoudu di provinsi Shanxi menunjukkan catatan paling awal penggunaan api oleh Homo erectus, yang berumur 1,27 juta tahun yang lalu . Ekskavasi di Yuanmou dan Lantian menunjukkan permukiman yang lebih lampau. Spesimen Homo erectus pa...

    Neolitik

    Zaman Neolitik di Tiongkok dapat dilacak hingga 10.000 SM . Bukti-bukti awal pertanian milet memiliki penanggalan radiokarbon sekitar 7000 SM . Kebudayaan Peiligang di Xinzheng, Henan berhasil diekskavasi pada tahun 1977 . Dengan berkembangnya pertanian, muncul peningkatan populasi, kemampuan menyimpan dan mendistribusikan hasil panen, serta pengerajin dan pengelola . Pada akhir Neolitikum, lembah Sungai Kuning mulai berkembang menjadi pusat kebudayaan dengan penemuan arkeologis signifikan di...

    Dinasti Xia

    Dinasti Xia adalah dinasti pertama yang diceritakan dalam catatan sejarah seperti Catatan Sejarah Agung dan Sejarah Bambu.Dinasti ini didirikan oleh Yu yang Agung. Sebagian besar arkeolog sekarang menghubungkan Dinasti Xia dengan hasil-hasil ekskavasi di Erlitou, provinsi Henan,yang berupa temuan perunggu leburan dari sekitar tahun 2000 SM. Beragam tanda-tanda yang terdapat pada tembikar dan kulit kerang yang ditemukan pada periode ini, diduga adalah bentuk pendahulu dari aksara Tionghoa mode...

    Dinasti Shang

    Dinasti Shang menurut sumber tradisional adalah dinasti pertama Tiongkok. Menurut kronologi berdasarkan perhitungan Liu Xin, dinasti ini berkuasa antara 1766-1122 SM, sedangkan menurut Sejarah Bambu adalah antara 1556-1046 SM. Hasil dari Proyek Kronologi Xia Shang Zhou pada tahun 1996 menyimpulkan bahwa dinasti ini memerintah antara 1600-1046 SM. Informasi langsung tentang dinasti ini berasal dari inskripsi pada artefak perunggu dan tulang orakel, serta dari Catatan Sejarah Agung (Shiji) kary...

    Dinasti Zhou

    Dinasti Zhou adalah dinasti terlama berkuasa dalam sejarah Tiongkok yang menurut Proyek Kronologi Xia Shang Zhou berkuasa antara 1046-256 SM. Dinasti ini mulai tumbuh dari lembah Sungai Kuning, di sebelah barat Shang. Penguasa Zhou, Wu Wang, berhasil mengalahkan Shang pada Pertempuran Muye. Pada masa Dinasti Zhou mulailah dikenal konsep "Mandat Langit" sebagai legitimasi pergantian kekuasaan, dan konsep ini seterusnya berpengaruh pada hampir setiap pergantian dinasti di Tiongkok. Ibu kota Zho...

    Dinasti Qin

    Dinasti Qin berhasil menyatukan Tiongkok yang terpecah menjadi beberapa kerajaan pada Periode Negara Perang melalui serangkaian penaklukan terhadap kerajaan-kerajaan lain, dengan penaklukan terakhir adalah terhadap kerajaan Qi pada sekitar tahun 221 SM. Qin Shi Huang dinobatkan menjadi kaisar pertama Tiongkok bersatu pada tahun tersebut. Dinasti ini terkenal mengawali pembangunan Tembok Besar Tiongkok yang belakangan diselesaikan oleh Dinasti Ming serta peninggalan Terakotadi makam Qin Shi Hu...

    Dinasti Han

    Dinasti Han didirikan oleh Liu Bang, seorang petani yang memimpin pemberontakan rakyat dan meruntuhkan dinasti sebelumnya, Dinasti Qin, pada tahun 206 SM. Zaman kekuasaan Dinasti Han terbagi menjadi dua periode yaitu Dinasti Han Barat (206 SM-9 M) dan Dinasti Han Timur (23-220 M) yang dipisahkan oleh periode pendek Dinasti Xin(9-23 M). Kaisar Wu (Han Wudi) berhasil mengeratkan persatuan dan memperluas kekaisaran Tiongkok dengan mendesak bangsa Xiongnu (sering disamakan dengan bangsa Hun) ke a...

    Zaman Tiga Negara

    Zaman Tiga Negara (Wei, Wu, dan Shu) adalah suatu periode perpecahan Tiongkok yang berlangsung setelah hilangnya kekuasaan de facto Dinasti Han. Secara umum periode ini dianggap berlangsung sejak pendirian Wei (220) hingga penaklukan Wu oleh Dinasti Jin (280), walau banyak sejarawan Tiongkok yang menganggap bahwa periode ini berlangsung sejak Pemberontakan Serban Kuning (184). Zaman ini adalah salah satu era yang paling terkenal dalam sejarah Tiongkok, disebabkan karena popularitas roman seja...

    Republik Tiongkok

    Rasa frustrasi karena penolakan Dinasti Qing untuk melakukan reformasi serta karena kelemahan Tiongkok terhadap negara-negara lain, membuat timbulnya revolusi yang terinspirasi oleh ide-ide Sun Yat-sen untuk menghapuskan sistem kerajaan dan menerapkan sistem republik di Tiongkok. Pada tanggal 12 Februari 1912, kaisar terakhir Qing, Kaisar Xuantong turun tahta, menyusul Revolusi Xinhai. Sebulan setelahnya, pada 12 Maret 1912, Republik Tiongkokdidirikan dengan Sun Yat-sen sebagai presiden perta...

    Republik Rakyat Tiongkok

    Pada tanggal 1 Oktober 1949, Mao Zedong memproklamirkan Republik Rakyat Tiongkok (RRT) di Lapangan Tiananmen, setelah hampir pastinya kemenangan Partai Komunis Tiongkok dari Kuomintang pada Perang Saudara Tiongkok. Periode sejarah RRT secara umum dibagi menjadi empat periode: transformasi sosialis (1949-1976) di bawah Mao Zedong, reformasi ekonomi (1976-1989) di bawah Deng Xiaoping, pertumbuhan ekonomi (1989-2002) di bawah Jiang Zemin, dan terakhir adalah periode di bawah generasi pemerintaha...

    Abramson, Marc S. (2008). Ethnic Identity in Tang China. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. ISBN 978-0-8122-4052-8.
    Ankerl, G. C. Coexisting Contemporary Civilizations: Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western. INU PRESS Geneva, 2000. ISBN 2-88155-004-5.
    Creel, Herrlee Glessner. The Birth of China. 1936.
    Fairbank, John King, China: a new history, Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-674-11670-4
    (Inggris)Historical maps of China[pranala nonaktif permanen]Peta-peta untuk digabungkan dan diperbandingkan
    (Inggris)History of China: Table of Contents- Chaos Group, di University of Maryland
    Chinese Database oleh Academia Sinica
    Manuscript and Graphics Database oleh Academia Sinica
  7. Republik Tiongkok - Wikiwand

    www.wikiwand.com › id › Republik_Tiongkok

    Republik Tiongkok atau Republik Cina , atau dikenal oleh wilayah kekuasaannya sebagai Taiwan,[19] adalah sebuah negara di Asia Timur yang saat ini menguasai daerah kepulauan Taiwan, Kepulauan Pescadores, Quemoy, dan Kepulauan Matsu. Kata "Taiwan" biasanya digunakan untuk merujuk kepada wilayah yang dikuasai Republik Tiongkok secara keseluruhan, sementara istilah "Tiongkok" merujuk kepada ...

  8. TikTok - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Tiktok

    TikTok, known in China as Douyin (Chinese: 抖音; pinyin: Dǒuyīn), is a Chinese video-sharing focused social networking service owned by Chinese company ByteDance. The social media platform is used to make a variety of short-form videos, from genres like dance, comedy, and education, that have a duration from 15 seconds to one minute (three minutes for some users).

  9. Agama di Tiongkok - Wikiwand

    www.wikiwand.com › id › Agama_di_Tiongkok

    Tiongkok memiliki sejarah panjang dalam hal kepercayaan dan menjadi tempat dari asal muasal berbagai tradisi agama-filsafat di dunia. Konghucu dan Tao, ditambah Buddha, yang disebut "tiga pengajaran", memiliki pengaruh siginifikan dalam pembentukan budaya Tionghoa.[1][2] Unsur-unsur dari tiga sistem kepercayaan tersebut masuk ke dalam agama tradisional atau populer.[3]

  10. Flag of China - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Flag_of_China
    • History
    • Symbolism
    • Construction Details, Sizes and Colors
    • Regulations
    • Flags of The Special Administrative Regions of The People's Republic of China
    • Military Flags
    • Organizational Flags
    • Customs Flag
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Early flags

    The previous flag of China was the "Yellow Dragon Flag" used by the Qing dynasty— the last imperial dynasty in China's history — from 1862 until the overthrow of the monarchy during the Xinhai Revolution. The flag that was adopted in 1862 was triangular, but the dynasty adopted a rectangular version of the dragon flag in 1889.

    Republic of China

    The canton (upper corner on the hoist side) originated from the "Blue Sky with a White Sun flag" (青天白日旗; qīngtiān báirì qí) designed by Lu Haodong, a martyr of the Xinhai Revolution. He presented his design to represent the revolutionary army at the inauguration of the Society for Regenerating China, an anti-Qing society in Hong Kong, on 21 February 1895. This design was later adopted as the KMT party flag and the Coat of Arms of the Republic of China. The "red Earth" portion was added by Sun...

    People's Republic of China

    On 4 July 1949, the sixth working group of the Preparatory Committee of the New Political Consultative Conference (新政治協商會議籌備會, PCNPCC) created a notice to submit designs for the national flag. After subsequent revisions, the notice was published in the papers People's Daily, Beiping Liberation News, Xinmin News, Dazhong Daily, Guangming Daily, Jinbu Daily and Tianjin Daily during the period 15–26 July.The list of requirements for the national flag were also posted in the notice: 1. Chinese ch...

    According to the official government interpretation of the flag, the red background symbolizes the Chinese Communist Revolution. The five stars and their relationship represents the unity of Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The orientation of the stars shows that the unity should revolve around a center. In the original description of the flag by Zeng, the larger star symbolizes the Communist Party of China, and the four smaller stars that surround the big star symbolize the four social classes of China's New Democracy mentioned in Mao's "On the People's Democratic Dictatorship": the working class, the peasantry, the urban petite bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie. It is sometimes stated that the five stars of the flag represent the five largest ethnic groups: Han Chinese, Zhuangs, Hui Chinese, Manchus and Uyghurs. This is generally regarded as an erroneous conflation with the "Five Races Under One Union" flag, used 1912–28 by the Beiyang G...

    The construction sheet for the national flag was published on 28 September 1949 by an order from the Presidium of the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. The information can also be found in the document "GB 12982-2004: National flag" that was released by the Standardization Administration of China. During the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, flags that failed to adhere to the regulations were used in connection with China. The flags, used during the opening ceremony and two medal ceremonies, featured the four small stars incorrectly angled in the same direction, eliciting both fury at and a subsequent apology from the Olympic organizers. The Law on the National Flag[zh] mentions five possible sizes that could be made for the national flag: According to Article 4 of the Law On the National Flag, people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government are directed to authorize c...

    The current law about the national flag was passed by 14th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress on 28 June 1990 and was enforced starting 1 October 1990. The main point of the law was to set down regulations on how to make the Chinese flag, what it looks like, where it can be flown and how it can be flown. The law also stresses that the national flag is "the symbol and hallmark of the People's Republic of China" and that everyone "shall respect and care for the National Flag."

    Due to an order passed by the CPC Central Committee General Office and General Office of the State Council, cities and provinces are no longer allowed to adopt their own symbols. However, both of the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions of China have their own special flags. The precise use of the SAR flags are regulated by laws passed by the National People's Congress. The Flag of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region features a stylized, white, five-petal Bauhinia blakeana flower in the center of a red field. On each petal is a red star; the stars demonstrate Hong Kong residents' love of their motherland, while the overall flag design signifies the reestablished link between postcolonial Hong Kong and China while demonstrating the "One country, two systems" political principle applied to the region. The flag of Hong Kong was adopted on 16 February 1990. On 10 August 1996, it received formal approval from the Preparatory Committee, a group which advised the Peop...

    There are six flags that are used by the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The main feature of these flags is a golden star at the top left corner and two Chinese characters "八一" to the right of the star, all placed on a red background. The characters "八一" (literally "eight one") pay homage to the events on 1 August 1927 (8th month, 1st day); this was when the PLA was created by the Communist Party to start their rebellion against the Kuomintang Government in Nanchang. The main flag of the PLA was created on 15 June 1949 by a decree issued from Mao. The flag has a ratio of 5 by 4, which has a white sleeve measuring 1⁄16 of the flag's length. For ceremonies, a PLA flag with golden fringe is placed on a pole with gold and red spiral stripes and topped with a golden finial and red tassel. Each branch of the PLA, the Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force and Rocket Force, also have their own flags to use. In a 1992 order, the flags of the three branches were defined. The top 5⁄8 of the flags is...

    After the Communist Party of China was founded in 1920, various sections of the party made flags based on what the Bolsheviks used, producing various designs and patterns. The current flag of the CPC was not created until 28 April 1942. On that date, the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau issued a decree announcing the flag and the pattern it should follow. The design was further defined in the CPC Constitution in 1996. The flag has a red background that is charged with the emblem of the CPC in gold at the top left corner.The flag ratio is defined as two by three (24×36 units); the size of the emblem is eight units square, placed four units away from the hoist and three units away from the top of the flag. The flag of the Communist Youth League of Chinawas adopted on 4 May 1950. The design of the flag consists of the group emblem, a gold star surrounded by a ring of gold, charged on a red field. The construction of the flag consists of making the top hoist portion of the flag in...

    The customs flag is the Chinese national flag with the emblem of customs at the lower right corner, which consists of a golden key and the Caduceus of Hermes, crossing each other. The current customs flag was officially adopted on 1 October 1953. The customs flag should be hung at the bow of the customs vessel.

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