Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and also known as D.C. or just Washington, is the capital city of the United States. It is located on the east bank of the Potomac River which forms its southwestern and southern border with Virginia, and shares a land border with Maryland on its remaining sides.
The history of Washington, D.C., is tied to its role as the capitol of the United States. Originally inhabited by an Algonquian -speaking people known as the Nacotchtank, the site of the District of Columbia along the Potomac River was first selected by President George Washington. The city came under attack during the War of 1812 in an episode ...
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When English people first came to the area, there was a Native American village on the spot called Nakochtank. This name survives in the name of the Anacostia River. This river was known for the healing properties of its pure water and it is recorded that the Emperor Powhatan, who lived in what is now Richmond, Virginia, made the trip all the way to Nakochtank once for this reason. The 1789 United States Constitution said that a capital city would be created in a district, but did not say where it should be. James Madison and others thought it should be far away from other states and cities. This way, it would be independent and not controlled by any state. In 1790, a compromise was reached and capital was placed between Virginia and Maryland. It was a square, ten miles (16 km) long on each side, and split by the Potomac River, which separated the two states. Half of the district was in Maryland and the other half was in Virginia, and the two states gave this land to the government....
Washington, D.C. was planned before it was built. Pierre L'Enfant drew a plan for the city that said where all the streets, parks, and important buildings would be. Unlike most cities in the United States, D.C. has many roundabouts or traffic circles. The city was supposed to have long and wide avenues, and many open spaces for monuments and parks. The National Mallis an example of this.
Performing arts and music
Washington, D.C. is the center of the nation for its arts. The National Symphony Orchestra, the Washington National Opera, and the Washington Ballet are all inside the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The Kennedy Center Honors are given every year to the people who have greatly helped the cultural life of the United States. The President and First Ladyusually go to the Honors ceremony.
As the national capital of the United States, Washington, D.C. has numerous media outlets in various mediums. Some of these media are known throughout the United States, including The Washington Postand various broadcasting networks headquartered in D.C.
According to a 2010 study, Washington-area commuters spent 70 hours a year in traffic delays, which tied with Chicago for having the nation's worst road congestion. However, 37% of Washington-area commuters take public transportation to work, the second-highest rate in the country.An additional 12% of D.C. commuters walked to work, 6% carpooled, and 3% traveled by bicycle in 2010. Washington has very few freeways. The funds that had been dedicated for freeway construction were instead redirected to the region's public transportation infrastructure. The interstate highways that do continue into Washington, including Interstate 66 and Interstate 395, both terminate shortly upon entering the city. The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) operates the Washington Metro, the city's rapid transit system, as well as Metrobus. Both systems serve the District and its suburbs. Metro opened on March 27, 1976 and presently consists of 86 stations and 106.3 miles (171.1 km) of t...Guide to Washington, D.C., materials from the Library of Congress
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Washington, D.C., is govrenit bi a mayor an a 13-memmer ceety cooncil. Housomiver, the Unitit States Congress haes supreme authority ower the ceety an mey owerturn local laws. Residents o the Destrict tharefore hae less sel-govrenance than residents o the states.
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The Washington, D.C. Admission Act, often referred to simply as the D.C. Admission Act, is a bill introduced during the 116th United States Congress. The intention of the bill is to grant Washington, D.C., admission into the Union as a state and hence make it the country's first and only city-state. The bill was originally introduced in the 116th Congress on January 3, 2019, and was reintroduced on January 4, 2021, in the 117th Congress. It passed on April 22, 2021 in the House of Representative
The Constitution of the United States was drafted to provide for a federal capital district that was not part of any state. The new capital was to be no more than 10 miles square in area, and under the exclusive control of the Congress. In 1790, the Congress passed the Residence Act, which legislated the foundation of a new, permanent national capital, to be located along the banks of the Potomac River, using land ceded to the federal government by Maryland and Virginia. The District was designe
The Washington, D.C. Admission Act would see a number of individual provisions related to the new state's admission: 1. The existing area of the District of Columbia would be admitted into the union as the 51st state. The new state would be named "Washington, Douglass Commonwealth". 2. A new federal district would be created within the boundaries of the new state. To be called the "Capital", the new district would encompass the White House, United States Capitol, United States Supreme Court Buil
Republicans have strongly opposed the legislation. Opponents of DC statehood have stated the bill violates the District Clause and the 23rd Amendment. It is also noted that Republicans also have partisan concerns over DC statehood, due to the fact that the district leans heavily Democratic, to the point that there has been no Republicans in the Council of the District of Columbia ever elected since 2009. In 2020 presidential election, 92% of votes in Washington, DC went to Joe Biden, the highest
A poll conducted by YouGov in June 2020 following the passing of the bill by the House of Representatives during the 116th Congress found opinion remained divided on the issue, with 40% in favor of D.C.'s admission as a state and 41% opposed. In this poll, 37% of respondents believed that admitting D.C. would favor Democrats over Republicans, while 30% felt it would benefit both parties equally. Other polls have shown a more positive reception to statehood. A poll undertaken in September 2020 by
Voting for the bill in the House of Representatives was along party lines, with Democrats in favor of admitting the District of Columbia as a state and Republicans opposed. In a response to the passing of the bill in the House, a number of Republican members of the Senate labeled the legislation as a "power grab" as, in their view, it would give the Democrats an almost guaranteed two seats in the United States Senate, given that the District has voted overwhelmingly Democratic for decades. The T
Një popullsi Algonquian-folëse e njohur si Nacotchtank banonte zonën përreth lumit Anacostia kur evropianët e parë mbërritën në shekullin e 17-të. Megjithatë, Nacotchtankët u zhvendosën kryesisht nga zona në fillim të shekullit të 18-të. Në "Federalist 43", të botuar 23 janar 1788, James Madisonargumentoi se qeveria e re federale do të kishte nevojë për autoritet mbi një kryeqytet kombëtar për të siguruar mirëmbajtjen dhe sigurinë e saj. Pesë vjet më parë, një grup i papaguar ushtarët rrethuan Kongresin, ndërsa anëtarët e tij ishin mbledhur në Filadelfia. I njohur si "Rebelimi i Pensilvanisë i 1783", ngjarja theksoi nevojën për qeverinë kombëtare të mos mbështetej në ndonjë shtet për sigurinë e vet. Neni Një, Seksioni Tetë i Kushtetutës së Shteteve të Bashkuara, lejonte krijimin e një "Distrikti (që nuk i kalonte dhjetë milje katrore), i shkëputur nga shtete të veçanta dhe me miratimin e Kongresit, të bëhet selia e qeverisë së Shteteve të Bashkuara ". Mirëpo, Kushtetuta nuk përcakto...
Uashingtoni ka një ekonomi në rritje dhe të larmishme, me një përqindje në rritje të vendeve të punës profesionale dhe të shërbimeve të biznesit. Produkti bruto i Distriktit në vitin 2010 ishte 103.3 miliard dollarë, që do ta rendiste atë të 34-in në krahasim me 50 shtetet e SHBA-së. Produkti bruto i Zonës Metropolitane të Uashingtonit ishte 425 miliardë dollarë në vitin 2010, duke e bërë atë ekonominë e katërt më të madhe metropolitane në Shtetet e Bashkuara. Që nga qershori 2011, Zona Metropolitane e Uashingtonit kishte një papunësi prej 6.2%. Distrikti i Kolumbias vetë kishte një papunësi prej 9.8% gjatë periudhës së njëjtë kohore. Në vitin 2012, punët në qeverinë federale përbënin rreth 29% të vendeve të punës në Uashington, DC. Kjo e ka bërë Uashingtonin të paprekshëm nga rëniet ekonomike kombëtare, sepse qeveria federale vazhdon operacionet edhe gjatë rënieve ekonomike. Shumë organizata të tilla si zyra avokatie, kontraktues të pavarur, organizata jo-fitimprurëse, firma lobues...
Vendet historike dhe muzeumet
"National Mall" është një park i madh, i hapur në qendër të qytetit Uashington midis Përkujtimores Linkoln dhe Kongresit Shteteve të Bashkuara (Kapitol). Për nga rëndësia e tij, "National Mall" është shpesh qendër e protestave politike, koncerteve, festivaleve, dhe inaugurimeve presidenciale. Aty ndodhet Monumenti i Uashingtonit dhe Guri i Jeffersonit, Përkujtimorja Kombëtare e Luftës së Dytë Botërore në skajin lindor të Liqenit Reflektues të Përkujtimores Lincoln, Përkujtimorja e Veteranëve...
Washington DC, është një qendër kombëtare për artet. Në Qendrën John F. Kennedy për Artet ndodhet Orkestra Simfonike Kombëtare, Opera Kombëtare e Uashingtonit, si dhe Baleti i Uashingtonit. Nderimet e Qendrës Kennedy jepen çdo vit për artistët që kanë kontribuar në masë të madhe në jetën kulturore të Shteteve të Bashkuara. Teatri historik i Fordit, ku u vra Presidenti Abraham Linkoln, vazhdon të veprojë si një vend shfaqjesh, si dhe si muze. Gazermat e Marinsave pranë Kapitol Hill kanë Bandën...
Southeast Washington, D.C. is accessible via the Blue, Orange, Green and Silver Lines of the Washington Metro. Crime. In years past, the quadrant was known by some Washington, D.C. metropolitan area residents as being plagued by a high crime rate, relative to the rest of the city. Demographics
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Oak Lawn (later known as the Dean Estate, Temple Heights, and Temple Hill) was a large house and wooded estate that once stood on the edge of today's Dupont Circle and Adams Morgan neighborhoods in Washington, D.C. The estate was bounded by 19th Street, Columbia Road, Connecticut Avenue, and Florida Avenue.