United States Senate. Retrieved November 17, 2007. ^ Dates of Sessions of the Congress. United States Senate. Retrieved June 17, 2020. ^ 2 U.S.C. § 1 ^ Brooks, James (December 14, 2020). "Election audit confirms win for Ballot Measure 2 and Alaska's new ranked-choice voting system". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
The United States Senate consists of 100 members, two from each of the 50 states.Below is a list of U.S. senators in the 117th United States Congress. This article is part of a series on the
The United States Senate is the upper house of the United States Congress, which is a small group of elected people who decide the laws of the country. Every U.S. state elects two people to represent them in the US Senate. These people are called senators. Since there are 50 US states, there are 100 senators. Senators only serve six years at a time, and one-third of them are picked every two years. Originally the legislature of each state decided who their senators would be. After 1913, all the
The 2020 United States Senate elections were held on November 3, 2020, with the 33 class 2 seats of the Senate contested in regular elections. Of these, 21 were held by Republicans and 12 by Democrats. The winners were elected to six-year terms from January 3, 2021, to January 3, 2027.
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States with an independent U.S. Senator are marked with green stripes on a blue or red background, depending on the party of the other U.S. Senator. The United States Senate is made up of 100 members, two from each of the 50 states. Below is a list of the current U.S. Senators, sitting in the 117th United States Congress .
The Parliamentarian of the United States Senate is the official advisor to the United States Senate on the interpretation of Standing Rules of the United States Senate and parliamentary procedure. Incumbent parliamentarian Elizabeth MacDonough has held the office since 2012, appointed by then Majority Leader Harry Reid.
- Senate Dais
- The President of the Senate
- The Senate Majority Leader
The 2018 United States Senate elections were held on November 6, 2018. 33 of the 100 seats were contested in regular elections while two others were contested in special elections due to Senate vacancies in Minnesota and Mississippi. The winners were elected to six-year terms running from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2025.
The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders are two United States Senators who are elected by the party caucuses that hold the majority and the minority. These leaders are elected to their positions.
The Chaplain of the United States Senate opens each session of the United States Senate with a prayer, and provides and coordinates religious programs and pastoral care support for Senators, their staffs, and their families. The Chaplain is appointed by a majority vote of the members of the Senate on a resolution nominating an individual for the position. The three most recent nominations have been submitted based on a bipartisan search committee although that procedure is not required. Chaplain
The Chaplain of the United States Senate is chosen to "perform ceremonial, symbolic, and pastoral duties." These responsibilities include opening Senate sessions with a prayer or coordinating the delivery of the prayer by guest chaplains recommended by members of the Senate. The Chaplain's prayer is referred to as "one of the Senate's most enduring traditions" in the official Senate pamphlet "Traditions of the U.S. Senate." The Senate Chaplain is also responsible for "hosting" Guest Chaplains on
Shortly after the Senate first convened in April 1789 in New York City, one of its "first orders of business" was to convene a committee to recommend a Chaplain, selecting the Right Reverend Samuel Provoost, Episcopal Bishop of New York. When the Senate moved to Philadelphia the next year, the Right Reverend William White, that city's Episcopal bishop was selected. In 1800, when the Senate relocated to Washington, D.C., clergymen from various Christian denominations continued to be selected, del
Unlike the Chaplain of the United States House of Representatives, who must be elected to a two-year term at "the beginning of each Congress," the Senate Chaplain does not have to be reelected. Both the House and Senate Chaplains are elected as individuals, "not as representatives of any religious body or denominational entity." When a vacancy occurs, the Senate chooses a new Chaplain through a vote on the adoption of a resolution. According to a 2011 Congressional Research Service congressional
The question of the constitutionality of the position of the Senate Chaplain, has been a subject of study and debate over the centuries. Opponents have argued that it violates the separation of church-and-state and proponents have argued, among other factors, that the same early legislators who wrote the United States Constitution and its Bill of Rights, from which the position of "non-establishment" and church and state separation is derived, were the same ones who approved and appointed the ch
In addition to court cases, controversy regarding the Chaplain's position included a number of petitions to abolish both the Senate and House Chaplains that were submitted as early as the 1850s, for reasons including claims that the positions represented a violation of the separation of church and state and that the choice of chaplains had become too politicized. From 1855-1861, the election of Chaplains for the House and from 1857-1859, the election of Chaplains for the Senate were suspended, w