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    West Bengal ( / bɛŋˈɡɔːl /, Bengali: Paschim Banga [ˈpoʃtʃim ˈbɔŋgo] ( listen)) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India. Covering an area of 88,752 km 2 (34,267 sq mi), it is also the ...

    • 26 January 1950
    • White-throated kingfisher
    • Kolkata
    • Kolkata
  2. The history of West Bengal began in 1947, when the Hindu -dominated western part of British Bengal Province became the Indian state of West Bengal . When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. The western part went to India (and was named West Bengal) while the eastern part joined Pakistan as a province ...

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    • Overview
    • Location and extent
    • Political geography
    • Landforms
    • Agro-climatic groups
    • River

    Geography of West Bengal, a state in eastern India, is diverse, of high peaks of Himalaya in the northern extremes to where Himalayas are in the north and sea is at the south, with both plains and plateaus covering the remaining region.

    West Bengal is on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. It lies between 85 degree 50 minutes and 89 degree 50 minutes east longitude, and 21 degrees 25 minutes and 27 degrees 13 minutes north latitude. The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres. With Bangladesh, which lies on its eastern border, the state forms the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. To its northeast lies the states of Assam and Sikkim and the co

    There are 23 districts and 5 divisions in West Bengal. The Burdwan Division consists of Paschim Bardhaman, Purba Bardhaman, Birbhum, and Hooghly, Medinipur division consists of Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, Jhargram, Bankura and Purulia, the Jalpaiguri Division consists of Alipurduar, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Kalimpong, the Malda division consists of Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur, Murshidabad and Malda, and the Presidency Division consists of Kolkata, Nadia, North 24 Par

    Darjeeling Himalayan hill region is situated to the north of the state. This region belongs to the Eastern Himalaya range. The entire Darjeeling district except the Siliguri subdivision and northern part of Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar district falls under this zone. It starts abrup

    The ‘‘Terai’’ is a belt of marshy grasslands, savannas, and forests at the base of the Himalaya range stretching southwards to about 38 km. Above the Terai belt lies the Bhabar, a forested belt of rock, gravel, and soil eroded from the Himalayas. The Terai zone is ...

    North Bengal plain start from the south of Terai region and continues up to the left bank of the Ganges. The southern parts of the district Jalpaiguri, North Dinajpur baring some extreme northern regions, South Dinajpur, Malda, Alipurduar and southern part of Cooch Behar district

    Depending on soil and climate variations, West Bengal can be divided into six broad divisions: 1. The hill region in the north 2. The terai and Teesta alluvial region of North Bengal 3. The laterectic, red and gravely undulating region in the west 4. The coastal alluvial region in the south 5. The gangetic alluvial region in the east 6. The Vindhya alluvial region in the centre

    Ganges enters West Bengal near Rajmahal and then flows in a south-easterly direction. It divides into two near north of Dhulian in Murshidabad district. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi and Hooghly River in a southern direction. The Bhagirathi-Hoogly is the main river in West Bengal which flows past some of the important cities like Murshidabad, Baharampur, Nabadwip, Chinsura, Chandannagar, Srirampur, Howrah ...

  4. West Bengal is the sixth largest contributor to India's GDP. Both West Bengal and Bangladesh are parts of historical and geographic region of Bengal. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. In 2001, 80,221,171 people lived in West Bengal. With an area of 34,267 square miles (88,750 km 2), it is bigger than Serbia but smaller than Jordan.

    • History
    • Council of Ministers
    • References
    • External Links

    On 18 January 1862, under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12-member Legislative Council for Bengal was founded by the Governor-General of India with the Lt Governor of Bengal and some nominated members. The strength of this council was gradually increased by subsequent acts. Under the Indian Councils Act of 1892, the maximum strength of the council was increased to 20 members out of which seven members were to be elected. After the Indian Councils Act of 1909 the number raised to 50 members.

    The West Bengal government[a]headed by Mamata Banerjee has 41 ministers. Among them, 10 are Ministers of State holding independent charge, and 9 are junior ministers and 21 are senior ministers.


    1. "West Bengal Government Publications". New Administrative Building at Nabanna. Retrieved 28 October 2006. 2. "West Bengal Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India. National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2006. 3. "Election Database". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 18 August 2006. Retrieved 26 August 2006. 4. "Council of Ministers in West Bengal, 2016". West Bengal Govt. Orders. Retri...

    Government of West Bengal on Twitter
  5. 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election ← 2016 27 March – 29 April 2021 (292 seats) 30 September 2021 (2 remaining seats) 2026 → 294 seats in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly 148 seats needed for a majority Turnout 82.30% (0.72%) Majority party Minority party Third party Leader Mamata Banerjee Dilip Ghosh Surjya Kanta Mishra Party AITC BJP CPI (M) Alliance AITC+ NDA Sanjukta ...

    • 82.30% ( 0.72%)
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