- Proto-Austronesian is a verb-initial language (including VSO and VOS word orders), as most Formosan languages , all Philippine languages , some Bornean languages , all Austronesian dialects of Madagascar, and all Polynesian languages are verb-initial.
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The term "Austronesian", or more accurately "Austronesian-speaking peoples", came to refer the people who speak the languages of the Austronesian language family.Some authors, however, object to the use of the term to refer to people, as they question whether there really is any biological or cultural shared ancestry between all Austronesian-speaking groups.
- c. 260.6 million (2016)
- c. 855,000 (2006)
- c. 24 million (2016)
- c. 100.9 million (2015)
The Austronesian language family has been established by the linguistic comparative method on the basis of cognate sets, sets of words similar in sound and meaning which can be shown to be descended from the same ancestral word in Proto-Austronesian according to regular rules.
Austronesian languages, family of languages spoken in most of the Indonesian archipelago; all of the Philippines, Madagascar, and the island groups of the Central and South Pacific (except for Australia and much of New Guinea); much of Malaysia; and scattered areas of Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Taiwan.
Western scholars believe the Austronesian people originated on the island of Taiwan following the migration of pre-Austronesian-speaking peoples from continental Asia approximately 10,000-6000 B.C. Due to a lengthy split from the Pre-Austronesian populations, the Proto-Austronesian language; the cultures and ethnic groups of the Austronesian peoples began on Taiwan approximately 6,000 years ago.
This map from Wikipedia assigns dates to the Austronesian expansion, and Proto-Austronesian on Taiwan dates back to before 3000 BC. The line below the map says that the dates are coming from archeological findings and aren't determined by linguistic methods.
Table 2: Proto Austronesian, Proto Nuclear Austronesian and Puyuma verb classes 6 Tsukida (2005:315) gives a similar table for Seediq. 7 In Kanakanavu it is the UVP dependent form. In Tsou, Ishbukun Bunun and Siraya it does not occur in isolation, but several affixed forms transparently reveal the stem.
May 20, 2020 · Huh. These questions are always a bit weird. If you asked this of Indo-European languages, I would also be totally unable to answer. It is clear that the Slavic languages, Baltic languages, and older Indo-European languages like Attic Greek, Sansk...
Jul 16, 2019 · Those are just traditional spelling conventions used by Austronesianists, which were first used by Isidore Dyen in his early works regarding Austronesian historical linguistics.
Jan 16, 2020 · The most likely scenario is that a western group of Austronesian voyagers mixed with people in southern Vietnam or the Malay Peninsula. This mixed population likely continued on to settle western Indonesia. Eastern Indonesia, on the other hand, is home to people with a combination of primarily Austronesian and Melanesian ancestry.