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What is the moral of twelveth night?
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What is Love in Shakespeare's Twelfth Night?
What is the theme of Twelfth Night?
I'm not sure Twelfth Night has a "moral," but it does contain several important lesson. The first one is that things are not always what they seem. This is particularly exemplified by Viola. She...
What is the moral of Twelfth Night? I’m not sure Twelfth Night has a “moral,” but it does contain several important lesson. The first one is that things are not always what they seem. This is particularly exemplified by Viola.
Dec 13, 2012 · I think the moral of Twelfth Night is that people will go to great lengths to pursue happiness. Most of the time, people find the greatest happiness in love. In act 5 Scene 1, Viola tells Sebastian, her brother that she will “make us happy both” indicating that she wants to make everyone happy.
People taking on new identities, and others actually falling for it, can only cause confusion in their lives. So, in this case, Twelfth Night has moral lessons in it; lying and disguising reality is going to cause more harm than good. Twelfth Night offers a lot in literary satisfaction as well as comedic satisfaction.
Twelfth Night, or What You Will is a romantic comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written around 1601–1602 as a Twelfth Night's entertainment for the close of the Christmas season. The play centres on the twins Viola and Sebastian , who are separated in a shipwreck.
As the title suggests, Twelfth Night is a celebration, one which includes indulgence, the blurring of rigid lines of propriety, and humor. This acts as artifice, ultimately, because there is only the appearance of unimpeded indulgence, only the illusion of social mobility, and only humor at the expense of those who do not fit in their places.
- A Winter Entertainment
- Plot Summary
- World Turned Upside Down
Shakespeare's comedy Twelfth Night, or What You Will,was written around 1601-1602 as entertainment for a feast in celebration of Twelfth Night, the traditional end of the Christmas season on January 5. Traditional celebrations of Twelfth Night were marked by a reversal of normal social positions, as the monarchs and nobility became peasants for a day and vice versa. Shakespeare's play takes up these things and represents a fantasy world, the kingdom of Illyria, where the world has been turned upside down. The play's depiction of a world where normal classifications of gender, class, and even sexual attraction have been inverted has made it one of Shakespeare's most popular and frequently performed plays, as it is spoken to successive generations that have grappled with these issues. Today, it is often seen as one of the most modern of Shakespeare's plays and has inspired various reimaginings that highlight its relevance to contemporary life.
Like many of Shakespeare's comedies, especially those written in the later half of his career, Twelfth Nighthas a dense, complicated plot full of memorable characters. The play opens with Viola, who has survived a shipwreck and been separated from her twin brother Sebastian, whom she presumes is dead. Viola washes up on the shore of Illyria and falls for the kingdom's melancholy, lovelorn ruler, Duke Orsino. Viola disguises herself as the male servant Cesario to get close to the Duke, and is soon put into service sending letters to the object of Orsino's affection, Olivia, who has closed herself off in mourning for her recently deceased father and brother. Olivia, however, quickly falls in love with Cesario, leading to a complicated, gender-bending love triangle. Meanwhile, adding to the complicated web of affection is Olivia's pompous and puritanical servant Malvolio, who both loves Olivia and sees her as a means of social advancement. Malvolio is pranked by a group of comic charac...
In keeping with the holiday of Twelfth Night, the play portrays a world turned upside down. One of the inversions in the play that has most contemporary significance is its complicated portrayal of gender and sexuality. Twelfth Night is not the only Shakespeare play to feature cross-dressing. Most notably, the heroine of As You Like It, Rosalind, also disguises herself as a boy. And these cross-dressing women were also, on one level, references to the fact that all of Shakespeare's female characters were originally performed by males in female clothing, since women were not allowed to perform onstage in Shakespeare's time. This use of drag, the contemporary term for wearing clothes typically assigned to a different gender, is used to comedic effect in both As You Like It and Twelfth Night. However, Twelfth Night goes further with its gender confusion than As You Like It. Unlike Rosalind, Viola, while in male drag, inspires same-sex attraction when she causes Olivia to be attracted t...
- Letters, Messages, and Tokens
- Mistaken Identity
Twelfth Nightfeatures a great varietyof messages sent from one character to another—sometimes as lettersand other times in the form of tokens. Such messages are used bothfor purposes of communication and miscommunication—sometimes deliberateand sometimes accidental. Maria’s letter to Malvolio, which purportsto be from Olivia, is a deliberate (and successful) attempt to trickthe steward. Sir Andrew’s letter demanding a duel with Cesario,meanwhile, is meant seriously, but because it is so appallinglystupid, Sir Toby does not deliver it, rendering it extraneous. Malvolio’smissive, sent by way of Feste from the dark room in which he isimprisoned, ultimately works to undo the confusion caused by Maria’s forgedletter and to free Malvolio from his imprisonment. But letters are not the only kind of messages that characters employto communicate with one another. Individuals can be employed inthe place of written communication—Orsino repeatedly sends Cesario,for instance, to deliver messages...
No one is truly insane in Twelfth Night, yeta number of characters are accused of being mad, and a current ofinsanity or zaniness runs through the action of the play. AfterSir Toby and Maria dupe Malvolio into believing that Olivia loveshim, Malvolio behaves so bizarrely that he is assumed to be madand is locked away in a dark room. Malvolio himself knows that heis sane, and he accuses everyone around him of being mad. Meanwhile,when Antonio encounters Viola (disguised as Cesario), he mistakesher for Sebastian, and his angry insistence that she recognize himleads people to assume that heis mad. All of theseincidents feed into the general atmosphere of the play, in whichnormal life is thrown topsy-turvy, and everyone must confront areality that is somehow fractured.
Many characters in Twelfth Nightassumedisguises, beginning with Viola, who puts on male attire and makeseveryone else believe that she is a man. By dressing his protagonistin male garments, Shakespeare creates endless sexual confusion withthe Olivia-Viola--Orsino love triangle. Other characters in disguiseinclude Malvolio, who puts on crossed garters and yellow stockingsin the hope of winning Olivia, and Feste, who dresses up as a priest—SirTopas—when he speaks to Malvolio after the steward has been lockedin a dark room. Feste puts on the disguise even though Malvoliowill not be able to see him, since the room is so dark, suggestingthat the importance of clothing is not just in the eye of the beholder.For Feste, the disguise completes his assumption of a new identity—inorder to be Sir Topas, he must look like Sir Topas. Viola puts onnew clothes and changes her gender, while Feste and Malvolio puton new garments either to impersonate a nobleman (Feste) or in thehopes of becoming a no...
The instances of mistaken identity are related to theprevalence of disguises in the play, as Viola’s male clothing leadsto her being mistaken for her brother, Sebastian, and vice versa.Sebastian is mistaken for Viola (or rather, Cesario) by Sir Tobyand Sir Andrew, and then by Olivia, who promptly marries him. Meanwhile,Antonio mistakes Viola for Sebastian, and thinks that his friendhas betrayed him when Viola claims to not know him. These casesof mistaken identity, common in Shakespeare’s comedies, create thetangled situation that can be resolved only when Viola and Sebastianappear together, helping everyone to understand what has happened.