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  1. Symphony No. 1 (Beethoven) - Wikipedia › wiki › Symphony_No

    Symphony No. 1 (Beethoven) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ludwig van Beethoven 's Symphony No. 1 in C major, Op. 21, was dedicated to Baron Gottfried van Swieten, an early patron of the composer. The piece was published in 1801 by Hoffmeister & Kühnel of Leipzig.

    • 1795–1800
    • 2 April 1800: Vienna
    • Four
    • 1801
    • Anna Popova
    • The composer worked as a pianist for silent movies. Dmitri Shostakovich decided to connect his life to music in childhood. In 1919, when he enrolled at the Petrograd Conservatory, the revolution had just died down, World War I was over, and a civil war was raging in the country.
    • He originally planned to become a pianist. Following in the footsteps of another famous Russian composer, Sergei Rachmaninoff, he intended not only to write music, but to perform concerts as well.
    • The composer's graduation piece is performed across the world. Shostakovich graduated from the conservatory at the age of 19. He wrote Symphony No. 1 as his graduation piece.
    • His ‘Symphony No. 7’ was performed in besieged Leningrad. The composer began writing his Seventh Symphony in September 1941, during World War II. In Leningrad, he composed three parts of the work, and finished working on it in Kuibyshev (now Samara) in December.
  2. Symphony No. 3 (Saint-Saëns) - Wikipedia › wiki › Symphony_No

    The Symphony No. 3 in C minor, Op. 78, was completed by Camille Saint-Saëns in 1886 at what was probably the artistic peak of his career. It is also popularly known as the Organ Symphony, even though it is not a true symphony for organ, but simply an orchestral symphony where two sections out of four use the pipe organ.

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  4. Test 4 Music Flashcards | Quizlet › 453967447 › test-4-music-flash-cards

    Classical genres and forms. (Q012) The third movement of Brahms's Violin Concerto in D is written in. rondo form. (Q013) As a young man, Brahms became a close friend and protégé of. Robert and Clara Schumann. (Q014) Mahler's ambivalence toward the Romantic tradition is often expressed in his music through.

  5. Music Final Flashcards | Quizlet › 553888204 › music-final-flash-cards

    The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonin Dvorak was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer's name? 3:03 romantic

  6. History of the Symphony | Music Appreciation › chapter › symphony
    • 18th Century
    • 19th Century
    • 20th and 21st Centuries
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    The “Italian” style of symphony, often used as overture and entr’acte in opera houses, became a standard three-movement form: a fast movement, a slow movement, and another fast movement. Haydn and Mozart, whose early symphonies were in this form, eventually replaced it with a four-movement form through the addition of a second middle movement (Prout 1895, 249). The four-movement symphony became dominant in the latter part of the 18th century and most of the 19th century. This symphonic form was influenced by Germanic practice, and would come to be associated with the classical style of Haydn and Mozart. “Normative macro-symphonic form may be defined as the four-movement form, in general, employed in the later symphonies of Haydn and Mozart, and in those of Beethoven” (Jackson 1999, 26). The normal four-movement form became (Jackson 1999, 26; Stein 1979, 106): 1. an opening sonata or allegro 2. a slow movement, such as adagio 3. a minuet or scherzo with trio 4. an allegro, rondo, or...

    With the rise of established professional orchestras, the symphony assumed a more prominent place in concert life between approximately 1790 and 1820. Beethoven dramatically expanded the symphony. His Symphony No. 3 (the Eroica), has a scale and emotional range that sets it apart from earlier works. His Symphony No. 5 is arguably the most famous symphony ever written. His Symphony No. 6 is a programmatic work, featuring instrumental imitations of bird calls and a storm, and a convention-defying fifth movement. His Symphony No. 9 takes the unprecedented step for a symphony of including parts for vocal soloists and choir in the last movement, making it a choral symphony (however, Daniel Steibelt had written a piano concerto with a choral finale four years earlier in 1820). Hector Berlioz, who coined the term “choral symphony”, built on this concept in his “dramatic symphony” Roméo et Juliette while explaining his intent in the five-paragraph introduction in that work’s score (Berlioz...

    At the beginning of the 20th century, Gustav Mahler wrote long, large-scale symphonies. His Eighth Symphony, for example, was composed in 1906 and is nicknamed the “Symphony of a Thousand” because of the forces required to perform it. The 20th century also saw further diversification in the style and content of works that composers labeled symphonies (Anon. 2008). Some composers, including Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Rachmaninoff, and Carl Nielsen, continued to write in the traditional four-movement form, while other composers took different approaches: Jean Sibelius’ Symphony No. 7, his last, is in one movement, whereas Alan Hovhaness’s Symphony No. 9, Saint Vartan—originally op. 80, changed to op. 180—composed in 1949–50, is in twenty-four.[citation needed] There remained, however, certain tendencies: symphonies were still almost always orchestral works. Designating a work a “symphony” still implied a degree of sophistication and seriousness of purpose. The word sinfoniettacame in...

    Anon. 2008. “Symphony.” The Oxford Dictionary of Music, 2nd ed. rev., edited by Michael Kennedy, associate editor Joyce Bourne. Oxford Music Online (Accessed 24 July 2008) (Subscription access)
    Berlioz, Hector. 1857. Roméo et Juliette: Sinfonie dramatique: avec choeurs, solos de chant et prologue en récitatif choral, op. 17. Partition de piano par Th. Ritter. Winterthur: J. Rieter-Biederm...
    Berlioz, Hector. 2002. Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary, translated by Hugh Macdonald. Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-521-23953-2.
    Brown, Howard Mayer. 2001. “Symphonia”. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
  7. Music 20 L Flashcards | Quizlet › 578870906 › music-20-l-flash-cards

    The final movement of his Symphony No. 4 (below) was a passacaglia with 32 variations. Deemed old-fashioned by his German contemporaries, he was seen as a progressive after his death thanks to an essay by Arnold Schoenberg. What is his name?

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