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    • The History of the Alcatraz Prison - ThoughtCo
      • Alcatraz was obtained by the Federal Bureau of Prisons in 1934. The former military detention center became America’s first maximum-security civilian penitentiary. This “prison system’s prison” was specifically designed to house the most horrendous prisoners, the troublemakers that other federal prisons could not successfully detain.
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  2. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY

    www.history.com › topics › crime
    • Early Years as a Military Prison. In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of sea birds.
    • Doing Time as a Federal Prison: 1934-63. In 1933, the Army relinquished Alcatraz to the U.S. Justice Department, which wanted a federal prison that could house a criminal population too difficult or dangerous to be handled by other U.S. penitentiaries.
    • Famous Inmates. Among those who did time at The Rock was the notorious Prohibition-era gangster Al “Scarface” Capone, who spent four-and-a-half years there during the 1930s.
    • Escape Attempts from Alcatraz. Over the years, there were 14 known attempts to escape from Alcatraz, involving 36 inmates. The Federal Bureau of Prisons reports that of these would-be escapees, 23 were captured, six were shot and killed during their attempted getaways, two drowned and five went missing and were presumed drowned.
  3. The History of the Alcatraz Prison - ThoughtCo

    www.thoughtco.com › alcatraz-prison-overview-1435716

    Aug 13, 2019 · Alcatraz was obtained by the Federal Bureau of Prisons in 1934. The former military detention center became America’s first maximum-security civilian penitentiary. This “prison system’s prison” was specifically designed to house the most horrendous prisoners, the troublemakers that other federal prisons could not successfully detain.

  4. Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alcatraz_Prison

    'gannet ("the diver")'] or The Rock) was a maximum security federal prison on Alcatraz Island, 1.25 miles (2.01 km) off the coast of San Francisco, California, United States, the site of a fort since the 1850s; the main prison building was built in 1910–1912 as a United States Army military prison.

    • 312
    • Closed (now a museum)
  5. U.S. Penitentiary Alcatraz - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National ...

    www.nps.gov › us-penitentiary-alcatraz

    Aug 04, 2020 · United States Penitentiary Alcatraz represents the federal government's response to post-Prohibition, post-Depression America. Both the institution and the men confined within its walls reflect our society during this era. The collaborative effort of Attorney General Homer Cummings and Director of the Bureau of Prisons, Sanford Bates, produced a high-profile prison that represented the Justice Department's response to fears around public safety and organized crime.

  6. Alcatraz | prison, California, United States | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › topic › Alcatraz

    Alcatraz, former maximum-security prison located on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California. Alcatraz, originally envisioned as a naval defense fortification, was designated a residence for military offenders in 1861, and it housed a diverse collection of prisoners in its

  7. BOP: Alcatraz

    www.bop.gov › about › history

    From 1909 through 1911, the military prisoners on Alcatraz built the new prison, which was designated the Pacific Branch, U.S. Disciplinary Barracks for the U.S. Army. It was this prison building that later became famous as "The Rock."

  8. Federal Penitentiary - Alcatraz Cruises

    www.alcatrazcruises.com › history-of-alcatraz

    Alcatraz was designed to serve as America’s first maximum-security, minimum-privilege penitentiary, what is today referred to as a “super max” institution. From 1934 to 1963, Alcatraz housed some of America’s most notorious offenders, escape artists, gang leaders and general trouble makers.

  9. Chilling Facts About Alcatraz, The World's Most Infamous Prison

    www.factinate.com › places › chilling-facts-alcatraz
    • Extreme Punishment. At the best of times, conditions in Alcatraz were not exactly a barrel of laughs, but there was a particularly harsh punishment for prisoners who refused to follow the rules of the prison.
    • Battle of Alcatraz. The Battle of Alcatraz, or the “Alcatraz Blastout” as it was also known, took place between May 2nd and 4th, 1946. Six prisoners managed to get hold of weapons and cellhouse keys, but there was a minor hitch in their plans.
    • Mysterious Death. There were many stories of paranormal activity in Alcatraz, and one particular incident occurred in Cell 14D. Sometime in the 1940s, a prisoner who was locked in the cell screamed all night that something with glowing eyes was trying to kill him.
    • You’ve Gotta Have a Hobby. Stroud was sent to prison for killing a bartender who attacked one of his prostitutes when he was a pimp, and he quickly became known as a violent and dangerous inmate.
  10. Here's What Life Was Really Like at Alcatraz Prison | Reader ...

    www.rd.com › article › life-in-alcatraz

    May 02, 2019 · Bryan Conway was a prisoner at Alcatraz prison same time as Al Capone, and his essay was published in the April 1938 issue of Reader's Digest.

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