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Jul 22, 2019 · Walt Disney Company is founded On October 16, 1923, Walt Disney and his brother Roy found the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in Hollywood, California. The studio, now known as the Walt Disney...
After two Christmas specials, Walt Disney went onto television in a big way in 1954 with the beginning of the Disneyland anthology series. This series eventually would run on all three networks and go through six title changes, but it remained on the air for 29 years, making it the longest-running primetime television series ever.
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After Disneyland, television became an increasingly important segment of the Disney brand. From Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color in the 1960s to hits like The Golden Girls and the launch of Disney Channel in 1983, the Disney name became a staple in people’s homes.
- The History of Walt Disney
- The Debut of Mickey Mouse
- The Technicolor Era
- The First Feature- Length Animation
- Disney Land
On October 16th, 1923, Disney was founded as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studios by two brothers Walt Disney and Roy O. Disney. In early 1923, Walt Disney an animator from Kansas City, Missouri created a short film dubbed "Alice in Wonderland", featuring a small girl whose role was played by Virginia Davis, a child actress who was socializing with animated characters in the film. Following the bankruptcy of Walt Disney's previous firm known as Laugh-O-Gram Studios in 1923, he decided to move to Hollywood and join Roy O. Disney, his brother. Margaret J. Winkler a film distributor and owner of the M.J. Winkler Productions offered to distribute a whole series of the Alice Comedies provided that Disney would come as a production partner. In that same year Walt and Roy established the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio where they produced more animated movies after Alice. The Disney studio which was under construction on Hyperion Street was completed in January 1926, and its name was changed...
In February 1928, Walt lost the Oswald's series contract, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit was a cartoon series that Disney had been working on after the demise of the Alice comedies. To recover from that loss, later that year Disney conceived an idea about a mouse whose character he named Mortimer, while on a train en route to California. Mortimer was later renamed Mickey Mouse because Disney's wife, Lillian, did not find Mortimer mouse to be appealing. Steamboat Willie was released on November 18th, 1929, and was Disney's first sound film and cartoon starring Mickey. Steamboat Willie was yet another milestone accomplished by Disney since it was the first cartoon that featured synchronized sound therefore becoming an immediate success and a smash hit. Following a series of cartoon productions, Disney created the Silly Symphonies series in conjunction with Columbia Pictures who signed as the distributor of the series in August 1929. In September 1929, the Mickey Mouse Club was formed followi...
Disney signed an exclusive contract with Technicolor which featured the production of cartoons in colors starting with trees and flowers. From 1928 to 1930, Disney produced cartoons through Powers Celebrity Pictures while from 1930 to 1932 they used Columbia Pictures and the United Artists from 1932 to 1937. Since Mickey Mouse had gained so much popularity Disney was able to plan for his first feature-length film.
In 1934, Disney began the production of Snow White and The Seven Dwarfs which was his first feature length animated film premiering in December 1937 to become the highest grossing film during that time. Disney used the profits from the film to finance the construction of a new studio complex stretching about 51 acres in Burbank, California where the current headquarters of Walt Disney's Studios is located to this date.
In 1954, Walt used his Disney series to showcase what Disney Land would become. Walt came up with the idea for Disney Land out of the desire for a place where both children and their parents could enjoy themselves and have fun at the same time. Disney Land was officially opened to the general public by Walt Disney on July 18th, 1935. Currently the Walt Disney Company operates on 4 main business units which include The Walt Disney Studios, Parks and Resorts, Media networks, and Interactive Media.
- Joyce Chepkemoi
Walt Disney did not just do movies. He also ventured into television in the 1950’s. His brother Roy thought as early as 1950 that TV would be an excellent medium for the company, and he was correct. Walt’s impact on television was groundbreaking and lasting.
- Early years
- Later career
- Death and legacy
Walter Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Flora Disney (née Call) and Elias Disney, a Canadian-born farmer and businessperson. He had Irish, German, and English ancestry. Walt moved with his parents to Kansas City at age seven, where he spent the majority of his childhood. At age 16, during World War I, he faked his age to join the American Red Cross. He soon returned home, where he won a scholarship to the Kansas City Art Institute. There, he met a fellow animator, Ub Iwerks. The two soon set up their own company. In the early 1920s, they made a series of animated shorts for the Newman theater chain, entitled \\"Newman's Laugh-O-Grams\\". Their company soon went bankrupt, however.
Walt then started work on a series around a new animated character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. This series was successful, but in 1928, Walt discovered that M.J. Winkler and her husband, Charles Mintz, had stolen the rights to the character away from him. They had also stolen all his animators, except for Ub Iwerks. While taking the train home, Walt started doodling on a piece of paper. The result of these doodles was a mouse named Mickey. With only Walt and Ub to animate, and Walt's wife Lillian Disney (Lilly) and Roy's wife Edna Disney to ink in the animation cells, three Mickey Mouse cartoons were quickly produced. The first two didn't sell, so Walt added synchronized sound to the last one, Steamboat Willie (1928), and it was immediately picked up. With Walt as the voice of Mickey, it premiered to great success. Many more cartoons followed. Walt was now in the big time, but he didn't stop creating new ideas.
In 1934, Walt started work on another new idea: a cartoon that ran the length of a feature film. Everyone in Hollywood was calling it \\"Disney's Folly\\", but Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) was anything but, winning critical raves, the adoration of the public, and one big and seven little special Oscars for Walt. Now Walt listed animated features among his ever-growing list of accomplishments. While continuing to produce cartoon shorts, he also started producing more of the animated features. Pinocchio (1940), Dumbo (1941), and Bambi (1942) were all successes; not even a flop like Fantasia (1940) and a studio animators' strike in 1941 could stop Disney now. In the mid 1940s, he began producing \\"packaged features\\", essentially a group of shorts put together to run feature length, but by 1950 he was back with animated features that stuck to one story, with Cinderella (1950), Alice in Wonderland (1951), and Peter Pan (1953). In 1950, he also started producing live-action films, with Treasure Island (1950). These began taking on greater importance throughout the 50s and 60s, but Walt continued to produce animated features, including Lady and the Tramp (1955), Sleeping Beauty (1959), and 101 Dalmatians (1961).
In 1955 he opened a theme park in southern California: Disneyland. It was a place where children and their parents could take rides, just explore, and meet the familiar animated characters, all in a clean, safe environment. It was another great success. Walt also became one of the first producers of films to venture into television, with his series The Magical World of Disney (1954) which he began in 1954 to promote his theme park. He also produced The Mickey Mouse Club (1955) and Zorro (1957). To top it all off, Walt came out with the lavish musical fantasy Mary Poppins (1964), which mixed live-action with animation. It is considered by many to be his magnum opus. Even after that, Walt continued to forge onward, with plans to build a new theme park and an experimental prototype city in Florida.
He did not live to see the culmination of those plans, however; in 1966, he developed lung cancer brought on by his lifelong chain-smoking. He died of a heart attack following cancer surgery on December 15, 1966 at age 65. But not even his death, it seemed, could stop him. Roy carried on plans to build the Florida theme park, and it premiered in 1971 under the name Walt Disney World. His company continues to flourish, still producing animated and live-action films and overseeing the still-growing empire started by one man: Walt Disney, who will never be forgotten.
Disney Company, in full The Walt Disney Company, formerly (1929–86) Walt Disney Productions, American corporation that was the best-known purveyor of family entertainment in the 20th and 21st centuries. It also was one of the world’s largest media conglomerates, with such notable holdings as ABC, ESPN, Pixar, Marvel Entertainment, and 20th ...
- Early Life. Walt Disney was born the fourth son of Elias Disney and Flora Disney (née Call) in Chicago, Illinois, on December 5, 1901. By 1903, Elias, a handyman and carpenter, had grown weary of crime in Chicago; thus, he moved his family to a 45-acre farm he purchased in Marceline, Missouri.
- Love of Drawing. In art class, Disney surprised his teacher with original sketches of flowers with human hands and faces. After stepping on a nail on his newspaper route, Disney had to spend two weeks in bed recuperating.
- Animation. After spending 10 months in Europe, Disney returned to the U.S. In October 1919, he got a job as a commercial artist at the Pressman-Rubin Studio in Kansas City.
- Laugh-O-Gram Films. In 1922, Disney quit the Kansas City Film Ad Company and opened a studio in Kansas City called Laugh-O-Gram Films. He hired a few employees, including Iwerks, and sold a series of fairy tale cartoons to Pictorial Films in Tennessee.
Walt Disney World expanded with the opening of Epcot Center in 1982; Walt Disney's vision of a functional city was replaced by a park more akin to a permanent world's fair. In 2009, the Walt Disney Family Museum, designed by Disney's daughter Diane and her son Walter E. D. Miller, opened in the Presidio of San Francisco.
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