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    What was New Mexico's number when it become a state?

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  2. New Mexico - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/us-states/new-mexico

    Aug 19, 2020 · Colonized by Spain, the land that is now New Mexico became U.S. territory as part oft he Gadsen Purchase in 1853, though New Mexico did not become a U.S. state until 1912.

  3. New Mexico joins the Union - HISTORY

    www.history.com/this-day-in-history/new-mexico...

    Jan 03, 2020 · On January 6, 1912, New Mexico is admitted into the United States as the 47th state. Spanish explorers passed through the area that would become New Mexico in the early 16th century, encountering...

  4. New Mexico - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico

    It was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, and the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion (after Alaska).

  5. When did New Mexico Become a State - Want to Know it

    wanttoknowit.com/when-did-new-mexico-become-a-state

    It wasn’t until January 12, 1912 that the debate was finally settled and New Mexico became the 47th state of the United States.

  6. How New Mexico Became a State & What We Can Learn From Our ...

    viantenm.org/how-new-mexico-became-a-state

    Aug 10, 2018 · Finally, New Mexico was admitted into the Union as a state on January 6, 1912.

    • when did Albuquerque NM become worse than San Bernardino, CA?

      3 answers

      When people realized New Mexico includes the name Mexico. The racists would see it as an insult to America to name a state like that. The not-so-racists would be pissed because the namegiver cannot think of original names. But then, that'd...

    • what state do I have residency in and when did I become one?

      2 answers

      Well for your FASFA, I'd probably say your current state. However, once you actually apply to a school, if they give you in-state tuition will depend on their requirements. This site...

    • How do i Become a caregiver?

      3 answers

      Research schools that teach for Certified Nurse Assistant. Most care homes and agencies will require you have certification. You will learn the most appropriate ways of caring for older frail persons, patients, as well as those who have...

  7. New Mexico Tells New Mexico History | History: Statehood

    online.nmartmuseum.org/nmhistory/people-places-and...
    • Results
    • Assessment
    • Early history
    • Background
    • Significance
    • Aftermath
    • Media
    • Battle
    • Analysis
    • Prelude
    • Organization

    One result of such hostility was that New Mexicans for more than sixty years were repeatedly checkmated in their efforts to achieve statehood. This resulted in their land remaining a US territory until 1912, with officials appointed from Washington. Upon that vexation were piled others problems with hostile Indians and outlaws, problems of education and economics, difficulties involving land and water rights and territorial boundaries. A central issue was the uphill job of adapting to a new pace and pattern of life, one ruled by a different philosophy. A country and people so unlike the rest of the United States seemed to have a poor chance of adjusting to the militant demands of American patriotism and economic nationalism. Another outcome was that it left the frontier open to attack by hostile Indians. It was not lost on the tribes seeking plunder or bearing old grudges that the white men were fighting among themselves, abandoning forts, and withdrawing troops for duty in the East. The ensuing bloodshed brought nightmare days to New Mexico.

    Yet things were not as black as they appeared. The New Mexicans, like most pioneers, were accustomed to living by luck and hope, and they possessed some firm traits of character, often overlooked by American newcomers, that promised to see them through the hard times of their territorial days.

    The Anglo-Americans entering New Mexico in the late 1840s and 1850s were small in numbers but large in influence. New merchants came, as establishment of regular stagecoach and freight service with the East stimulated business. The ranks of the military swelled with the construction of Fort Union (1851) and Fort Stanton (1855) on the Indian frontier.

    The state of New Mexican politics in the period following the Mexican War was ready-made for lawyers and opportunists of all sorts to jockey for advantage. The assassination of Governor Charles Bent and the collapse in 1847 of the civil government created by Kearny left the area under virtual military rule. That situation continued over the next several years, while Congress debated New Mexicos future political status. In the meanwhile, persons on the Rio Grande broke into two opposing camps: the supporters of a territorial form of government, and the advocates of immediate statehood. In the main, Anglo-Americans, being in the minority, favored the territorial system. If New Mexico stayed a territory, its principal officials would be appointed in Washington. For that reason, the Hispanic majority tended to lean toward statehood; with the right to elect their own officials, they could easily put native New Mexicans into the highest offices. Before education or the natural process of assimilation could make much headway, however, the people of the Southwest found themselves caught up in the momentous and ugly Civil War. It was an issue in which the New Mexicans felt only a small stake. The question of the expansion of slavery to the western territories, especially the New Mexico territory, dominated the debate in Congress during the 1850s. Actually, in all the New Mexico territory, there were only twenty-one black slaves in 1861. Many politicians in Washington had long recognized New Mexico as a land unsuitable for slavery because the agriculture was small in scale and native labor was both plentiful and cheap. Territorial citizens had approved antislavery resolutions in 1848 and 1850. But a reversal in sentiment came in 1859, with adoption of a slavery code engineered by Miguel A. Otero, the New Mexican delegate to Congress. The code, designed to protect slave owners and their property, was more an expression of Oteros own Pro-Southern sympathies than it was a sign of any fundamental shift in attitude among territorial residents. Territorial New Mexicans desired to be left alone, for they saw little to be gained by joining in the political arguments between the North and the South over slavery and the legality of secession. When the storm broke, splitting the country in half, New Mexico unexpectedly found herself part of the theater of conflict. From the outset, the newly formed Confederacy cast covetous eyes westward, where it dreamed of creating an empire that would reach the Pacific. Winning the West became a crucial aspect of winning the war for the Confederacy. The grand strategy developed by Southern leaders showed plainly that as a first step toward westward expansion, New Mexico must be brought into the Confederacy.

    The Compromise of 1850, among other things provided for the organization of New Mexico as a territory. The Compromise also resolved another complicated matter an old Texas claim to that portion of New Mexico lying east of the Rio Grande. For ten million dollars compensation provided by the United States government, Texas relinquished her claim, thus paving the way for establishment of a permanent boundary with New Mexico. The Territory, as organized in 1850, included the New Mexico and Arizona of later years, and a part of southern Colorado.

    New Mexicos southern border with Mexico was less easily settled. In accordance with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, a joint boundary commission was organized and began (in July 1849) the task of surveying a dividing line between the two nations. The US surveyors working with the commission also had instructions to look for a practical railroad route to the Pacific, close to the boundary, and to ascertain the agricultural possibilities of the new country. In the course of the boundary work, it was discovered that the map used to establish the original treaty line had been inaccurate and that the border would in fact have to be placed thirty miles farther north. That slip meant withdrawing five or six thousand square miles from the United States and losing a potentially rich farming district in the Mesilla valley. Before a serious dispute could develop, the American minister to Mexico, James Gadsden, negotiated in 1853 the treaty that bears his name, providing for the purchase of a large tract of desert land in southern New Mexico. The area offered an advantageous route for a transcontinental railway entirely on American soil, and its acquisition concluded the final adjustment of our border with Mexico. For General Carleton confining the Mescalero Apache and the Navajo people at the Bosque Redondo Reservation was the best way to keep the peace. But the reservation turned out to be an abject failure. The barren land in the Pecos valley could not support the nine thousand Indians crowded there, most of whom were not interested in farming, anyway. The drinking water turned out to be disagreeably rich in alkali, having a stronger effect on the stomach than castor oil, as one soldier stationed at Fort Sumner wrote his wife. The federal government failed to provide adequate supplies to support the Indians during the period that they were getting established. And putting the Mescalero and Navajo traditional enemies- together on the same reservation was soon recognized as a colossal blunder. With an end of hostilities and the virtual extermination of the buffalo, which quickly followed, the vast grasslands of eastern New Mexico were suddenly thrown open for settlement. Only some stray Apache bands in southwestern New Mexico had to be dealt with, but defeating them proved to be the most difficult of all. In 1879, Chief Victorio and some of his warriors bolted from their reservation and cut a bloody path across the Rio Grande and into Arizona. Their rampage lasted until Victorios death in 1881. His son-in-law, Nana, half-blind and crippled by rheumatism, but still capable of riding seventy miles a day, then took up the hatchet and continued the war. Nana fought eight battles against the Americans and won them all, before coming into the San Carlos Reservation in eastern Arizona. In 1885, Nana escaped with Geronimo and raided until the final Apache surrender the following year. The most troublesome Indians were placed on a train and sent to Fort Marion, Florida, as prisoners of war.

    Of several newspapers that shortly began printing in the territory, one, the Weekly Gazette, called attention in 1856 to the newly formed Santa Fe Literary Club (whose president, interestingly, was a native New Mexican, Nicholas Quintana) dedicated to the expansion of knowledge and the holding of debates on burning questions of the day. Even more lustrous was the Historical Society of New Mexico, founded in 1859, probably the first such scholarly body to appear anywhere in the Far West.

    The Rio Grande, for centuries the scene of fierce struggles between the Spanish and Native Americans now experienced the violence between Northerners and Southerners. Brigadier General Henry H. Sibley of the Confederate army and Colonel Edward R.S. Canby, commander of Federal forces in New Mexico first clashed at the Battle of Valverde. The Battle of Valverde involved the bloodiest kind of tough, stand-up fighting. At the end of the day Col. Canbys men retreated toward Fort Craig. The laurels, however, were anything but clearly won. Sibleys brigade held the fort and that, together with a lift in morale, was about all that had been gained.

    One fly in the ointment of General Sibleys plan to conquer New Mexico territory was the fact that he had counted on winning over the Hispanic population, but he had failed to reckon with the New Mexicans antipathy toward Texans, an outgrowth in part, of the Texas invasion of 1841, and more recent boundary disputes. General Sibley seriously miscalculated the strength of Union arms opposing him in the north.

    The Civil War in the Southwest was indeed moving toward a climax. On March 27 and 28, 1862, regular troops from Fort Union, supported by the Colorado Volunteers, met the Rebels at The Mescalero Apaches of southern New Mexico were first to feel the effect of Carltons strategy. Placing Militia Colonel Kit Carson in charge of troops in the field, the general sent his men to harry the tribe into submission. By March 1863, Carson brought four hundred warriors with their families to the new Bosque Redondo Reservation on the Pecos River in southeastern New Mexico. Here Fort Sumner, constructed by Carleton, stood guard.

    Brigadier General James Carleton, a Californian, assumed command of the Military Department of New Mexico. His troops were ready for acting and he had fixed notions about how to deal with hostile tribes. Wage merciless war against all hostile tribes, force them to their knees, and then confine them to reservations where they could be Christianized and instructed in agriculture.

  8. How did New Mexico become a state? - Quora

    www.quora.com/How-did-New-Mexico-become-a-state

    It started as a territory. It was acquired from Mexico in 1848 with several other Southwest states. The last part of New Mexico was acquire by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853. New Mexico acquired statehood in 1912.

  9. New Mexico History Flashcards | Quizlet

    quizlet.com/64156868/new-mexico-history-flash-cards

    On what day did NM become a state? January 6, 1912. NM became the? 47 state of the US. NM's Regions. Ok. Briefly describe NM's Basin and Range.

  10. List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._states_by...

    New Mexico: January 6, 1912 (admitted) New Mexico Territory: 48 Arizona: February 14, 1912 (admitted) Arizona Territory: 49 Alaska: January 3, 1959 (admitted) Territory of Alaska: 50 Hawaii: August 21, 1959 (admitted) Territory of Hawaii

    State
    State
    Date (admitted or ratified)
    Formed from
    1
    December 7, 1787 (ratified)
    Crown Colony of Delaware
    2
    December 12, 1787 (ratified)
    Crown Colony of Pennsylvania
    3
    December 18, 1787 (ratified)
    Crown Colony of New Jersey
    4
    January 2, 1788 (ratified)
    Crown Colony of Georgia
  11. Admission to the Union - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Admission_to_the_Union

    Enabling Act of 1906 authorizing residents of Oklahoma, Indian, New Mexico, and Arizona territories to form state governments (Indian and Oklahoma territories to be combined into one state) and to gain admission to the Union; Alaska Statehood Act, admitting Alaska as a state in the Union as of January 3, 1959; Legal status of Alaska