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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Torrent_fileTorrent file - Wikipedia

    In the BitTorrent file distribution system, a torrent file or meta-info file is a computer file that contains metadata about files and folders to be distributed, and usually also a list of the network locations of trackers, which are computers that help participants in the system find each other and form efficient distribution groups called swarms.

    • .mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}, .torrent
    • BEP-0003
    • application/x-bittorrent
  2. Dec 08, 2019 · 4 How to Open Torrent Downloads. 4.1 Video Files. 4.2 EXE Files. 4.3 ISO Files. 4.4 ZIP Files. Torrent files can be more than a little confusing for inexperienced torrentors. For one thing, they fall under 2 categories: those that act as a sort of URL and those you actually download. In this guide, we’ll explain what torrent files are and how ...

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  4. Feb 06, 2017 · All peers (including Seeders) together, sharing a torrent file are called a Swarm. For example, 8 peers and 2 seeders make a swarm of 10. Torrents. Torrent file is a data file that contains metadata about files and folders to be distributed. It also contains a list of network locations of Trackers. Trackers

  5. Feb 12, 2021 · Whenever a user wants to share a torrent file, they begin his search from within an indexer. Trackers: Trackers are servers that work as a bridge between the peers of the network. They can be conceptualized as assistants that direct and help a user maintain a smooth flow of operations among the network’s peers.

  6. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › BittorrentBitTorrent - Wikipedia

    • Description
    • Operation
    • Adoption
    • Technologies Built on Bittorrent
    • Implementations
    • Legal Issues
    • Security Problems
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    The BitTorrent protocol can be used to reduce the server and network impact of distributing large files. Rather than downloading a file from a single source server, the BitTorrent protocol allows users to join a "swarm" of hosts to upload to/download from each other simultaneously. The protocol is an alternative to the older single source, multiple mirror sources technique for distributing data, and can work effectively over networks with lower bandwidth. Using the BitTorrent protocol, several basic computers, such as home computers, can replace large servers while efficiently distributing files to many recipients. This lower bandwidth usage also helps prevent large spikes in internet trafficin a given area, keeping internet speeds higher for all users in general, regardless of whether or not they use the BitTorrent protocol. The first release of the BitTorrent client had no search engine and no peer exchange, so users who wanted to upload a file had to create a small torrent descri...

    A BitTorrent client is capable of preparing, requesting, and transmitting any type of computer file over a network, using the protocol. Up until 2005, the only way to share files was by creating a small text file called a "torrent". These files contain metadata about the files to be shared and the trackers which keep track of the other seeds and peers. Users that want to download the file first obtain a torrent file for it, and connect to the tracker or seeds. In 2005, first Vuzeand then the BitTorrent client introduced distributed tracking using distributed hash tables which allowed clients to exchange data on swarms directly without the need for a torrent file. In 2006, peer exchange functionality was added allowing clients to add peers based on the data found on connected nodes. Though both ultimately transfer files over a network, a BitTorrent download differs from a one way server-client download (as is typical with an HTTP or FTPrequest, for example) in several fundamental way...

    A growing number of individuals and organizations are using BitTorrent to distribute their own or licensed works (e.g. indiebands distributing digital files of their new songs). Independent adopters report that without using BitTorrent technology, and its dramatically reduced demands on their private networking hardware and bandwidth, they could not afford to distribute their files. Some uses of BitTorrent for file sharing may violate laws in some jurisdictions (see legal issuessection).

    Distributed trackers

    On 2 May 2005, Azureus 2.3.0.0 (now known as Vuze) was released, introducing support for "trackerless" torrents through a system called the "distributed database." This system is a Distributed hash table implementation which allows the client to use torrents that do not have a working BitTorrent tracker. Instead just bootstrapping server is used (router.bittorrent.com, dht.transmissionbt.com or router.utorrent.com). The following month, BitTorrent, Inc. released version 4.2.0 of the Mainline...

    Web seeding

    Web "seeding" was implemented in 2006 as the ability of BitTorrent clients to download torrent pieces from an HTTP source in addition to the "swarm". The advantage of this feature is that a website may distribute a torrent for a particular file or batch of files and make those files available for download from that same web server; this can simplify long-term seeding and load balancing through the use of existing, cheap, web hosting setups. In theory, this would make using BitTorrent almost a...

    RSS feeds

    A technique called broadcatching combines RSS feeds with the BitTorrent protocol to create a content delivery system, further simplifying and automating content distribution. Steve Gillmor explained the concept in a column for Ziff-Davis in December 2003. The discussion spread quickly among bloggers (Ernest Miller, Chris Pirillo, etc.). In an article entitled Broadcatching with BitTorrent, Scott Raymond explained: The RSS feed will track the content, while BitTorrent ensures content integrity...

    The BitTorrent specification is free to use and many clients are open source, so BitTorrent clients have been created for all common operating systems using a variety of programming languages. The official BitTorrent client, μTorrent, qBittorrent, Transmission, Vuze, and BitCometare some of the most popular clients. Some BitTorrent implementations such as MLDonkey and Torrentflux are designed to run as servers. For example, this can be used to centralize file sharing on a single dedicated server which users share access to on the network. Server-oriented BitTorrent implementations can also be hosted by hosting providers at co-located facilities with high bandwidth Internet connectivity (e.g., a datacenter) which can provide dramatic speed benefits over using BitTorrent from a regular home broadband connection. Services such as ImageShack can download files on BitTorrent for the user, allowing them to download the entire file by HTTPonce it is finished. The Opera web browser supports...

    Although the protocol itself is legal,problems stem from using the protocol to traffic copyright infringing works, since BitTorrent is often used to download otherwise paid content, such as movies and video games. There has been much controversy over the use of BitTorrent trackers. BitTorrent metafiles themselves do not store file contents. Whether the publishers of BitTorrent metafiles violate copyrights by linking to copyrighted works without the authorization of copyright holders is controversial. Various jurisdictions have pursued legal action against websites that host BitTorrent trackers. High-profile examples include the closing of Suprnova.org, TorrentSpy, LokiTorrent, BTJunkie, Mininova, Oink's Pink Palace and What.cd. The Pirate Bay torrent website, formed by a Swedish group, is noted for the "legal" section of its website in which letters and replies on the subject of alleged copyright infringements are publicly displayed. On 31 May 2006, The Pirate Bay's servers in Swede...

    One concern is the UDP flood attack. BitTorrent implementations often use μTP for their communication. To achieve high bandwidths, the underlying protocol used is UDP, which allows spoofing of source addresses of internet traffic. It has been possible to carry out Denial-of-service attacks in a P2P lab environment, where users running BitTorrent clients act as amplifiers for an attack at another service.However this is not always an effective attack because ISPs can check if the source address is correct.

    Pouwelse, Johan; et al. (2005). "The Bittorrent P2P File-Sharing System: Measurements and Analysis". Peer-to-Peer Systems IV. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3640. Berlin: Springer. pp. 205–216....

  7. torrent is a method of distributing data without relying on a single server. this is to make it harder for a downloadable file to become inaccessible, and allows people to download a file with a speed higher than that of the original uploader's se...

  8. Oct 21, 2020 · They can also share those files with other users on the network. How Torrenting Works To understand the peer-to-peer file-sharing process (or torrenting), it’s essential to know a few terms. Peers: All users involved in sharing files through torrent P2P sharing. They are said to be peers as long as they keep sharing files on the torrenting ...

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