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Ancient Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs, rituals, and mythology originating in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. These groups varied enough for it to be possible to speak of Greek religions or "cults" in the plural, though most of them shared similarities.
Pages in category "Ancient Greek religion" The following 81 pages are in this category, out of 81 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
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Greek religion was influenced by the practices of the Greeks' near eastern neighbours at least as early as the archaic period, and by the Hellenistic period this influence was seen in both directions. The most important religious act in ancient Greece was animal sacrifice, most commonly of sheep and goats.
Hellenism (Ἑλληνισμός, Hellēnismós) is a religious movements which revive or reconstruct of ancient Greek religious practices from antiquity. Hellenic religion has manifested itself as legal bodies in Greece through Hellenic Ethnic Religion or Ancient Hellenic Religion (Αρχαία ελληνική θρησκεία, Archaía ellinikí thriskeía); in the USA through Hellenion.
- Hellenic ethnic religion
Religion in Greece is dominated by the Greek Orthodox Church, which is within the larger communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. It represented 90% of the total population in 2015 and is constitutionally recognized as the "prevailing religion" of Greece. Religions with smaller numbers of followers include Islam, Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Hellenic Paganism, Sikhism and Hinduism. Also a small number of Greek Atheists exists, not self-identifying as religious. Religion is key part of identity
As of 2015, 93% of the population of Greece were Christians.
The number of the followers is not so high amongst the Greeks but it has increased during the last decades because of the immigration of people from East Asia, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia in Greece. Sri Lankan and Southeast Asian migrant workers working in Greece were usually sent back to their home country to be cremated, due to cremation being banned in Greece until 2006. Today there are three religious centers, in Athens, Thessaloniki and Corinth.
Over 2000 people are members of the Supreme Council of Ethnic Hellenes, the foremost organisation of Hellenic ethnic religion. Over 100,000 people are "sympathisers". On 9 April 2017 the Hellenic ethnic religion was officially recognized by the Greek state.
Hinduism in Greece has a small following. There is a small Hindu community in Athens. There are 25 PIOs and 12 NRIs in the city. On March 1, 2006, the Greek government passed a law allowing cremation. The law was welcomed by the Indian community in Athens.
The number of citizens of Greece who are Muslims is estimated to be at 97,604 people or 0.95% of the total population, according to the 1991 census. They live mostly in Western Thrace and are primarily Turkish, Slavonic and Romani. Immigrant Muslims are estimated between 200,000-300,000. and approximately half of them live in Athens In 2015, Islam was the religion of 2% of the total population of Greece.
- Aristotle Was A Pandeist?
- "The Five Stages of Greek Religion", by Gilbert Murray, Is Nowhere mentioned
- "Hades" Name Origin
- semi-protected Edit Request on 18 September 2015
- semi-protected Edit Request on 18 February 2016
- semi-protected Edit Request on 21 July 2016
Right now this article makes the claim that "Plato's disciple, Aristotle, also disagreed that polythiestic deities existed, because he could not find enough empirical evidence for it. He was a pandeist, believing in a deity called the Prime Mover, which had set creation going, but was not connected to or interested in the universe." This is wrong to a comic degree. The school of thought inhabited by Aristotle had nothing to do with Pandeism. Pandeism is a combination of aspects of Pantheism and Deism, vis, a belief that there was a Creator of our Universe which in fact became our Universe through the act of Creation, and could hardly, hardly be described as "not connected" to our Universe. This idea was part of the school of thought of the Milesians, but was not picked up in the Platonic or Aristotelian traditions. Even the traditional providential entity of Classical Deism might not be uninterested in our Universe, though it is surely classed as noninterfering in it. Nor is it corr...
This is truly astonishing, a failure, not of nerve, but of scholarship. I find it hard to believe such an overlook. The book is complex, covers a lot of territory, and is in part, difficult to understand and summarize. But it deserves a mention, in the body, or at least in See Also, References, or Notes.--ROO BOOKAROO (talk) 15:20, 23 November 2012 (UTC)
I cannot edit this page, but I would appreciate it if someone else could. The article states that, " Plato did not believe in many deities, but instead believed that there was one supreme god, whom he called the Form of the good, and which he believed was the emanation of perfection in the universe." This is misleading at best, and totally false at worst. Plato was certainly a polytheist, and it is likely that he believed that the forms had deity status, *IN ADDITION TO* other Gods. For instance, from the Phaedrus: Plato also talks about the Gods in Laws. He believed in the Demiurge, but that certainly did not preclude other Gods. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Somnum (talk • contribs) 19:42, 21 June 2013 (UTC)
The section on afterlife (among a few issues) sates unsourced that "Hades" the place is named after "Hades" the person. As I understand it, "Hades" the place is the earlier concept, with "Hades" possibly coming from "House of Ais", possibly meaning "House of Invisibility", in reference to the separation between the psyches or eidolons of the dead that dwell within the afterlife and the people in this life. "Hades" or "Aides" is then the anthropomorphized incarnation of the afterlife. This is fairly common as an origin for a Greek god: Hestia/hearth and Okeanos/ocean are also gods named for the thing they are the personification of. I don't think all of this information is needed in this article, but the false information about the origin of the word "Hades" ought to be removed at least. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk) 01:04, 3 June 2015 (UTC)
Prmjeet00 (talk) 12:13, 18 September 2015 (UTC) 1. Not done: as you have not requested a change. If you want to suggest a change, please request this in the form "Please replace XXX with YYY" or "Please add ZZZ between PPP and QQQ". Please also cite reliable sources to back up your request, without which no information should be added to, or changed in, any article. - Arjayay (talk) 12:44, 18 September 2015 (UTC)
i think that more about the forms of practice and prayers that they used.Cuddes888888 (talk) 15:44, 18 February 2016 (UTC) 1. Not done: as you have not requested a specific change in the form "Please replace XXX with YYY" or "Please add ZZZ between PPP and QQQ". More importantly, you have not cited reliable sources to back up your request, without which no information should be added to, or changed in, any article. - Arjayay (talk) 18:17, 18 February 2016 (UTC)
The sacred texts section has various problems. Problem #1: it openly goes against the source it cites. The source says that Homeric texts weren't sacred texts, and then suggests some texts which in antiquity were categorized as hieroi logoi (sacred texts), which were either ancient or foreign, and none of which has reached us. The source then cites a certain number of texts which referred to mysterical traditions, where they were referenced as sacred.The idea that texts beginning with an invocation to the Muses were sacred makes no sense whatsoever, since it is a poetic expedient which remained in use for a variety of texts in the classical era, none of which could be thought of as sacred.Concerning Greek religion there are two things to be said: 1. The lack of a centralised faith system or of a sacerdotal class, since priests were actually servants of the polis or demos or of the sanctuary and only answered to them; this means that there were no brahmins to unify the Veda, no canon...
This article is semi-protected and so I request someone to add this:- 1. (Redacted), citing this as a reference: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Greek-religion — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2402:8100:281F:8D56:0:0:0:1 (talk) 02:36, 17 October 2019 (UTC) 2. It is to show when it began — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2402:8100:281F:8D56:0:0:0:1 (talk) 02:50, 17 October 2019 (UTC) 2.1. Not done: Contributions to Wikipedia must be written in your own words, not copied and pasted from another source. Please see WP:COPYPASTE for information on this. ‑‑ElHef (Meep?) 13:26, 17 October 2019 (UTC) 2.1.1. @ElHef: So you can use this: (Redacted) — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2402:8100:281e:8afa::1 (talk) 188.8.131.52. Still Not done: You've given the exact same text and reversed the order of the clauses in the sentence. See WP:COPYPASTE § Can I copy if I change the text a little bit? If you'd like to make an edit (or request one, in this case), you need to write the words your...
May 03, 2020 · Ancient Greek theologywas polytheistic, based on the assumption that there were many gods and goddesses, as well as a range of lesser supernatural beings of various types. There was a hierarchy of deities, with Zeus, the king of the gods, having a level of control over all the others, although he was not almighty.
Template parameters. This template prefers inline formatting of parameters. Parameter. Description. Type. Status. No parameters specified. The above documentation is transcluded from Template:Ancient Greek religion/doc. ( edit | history) Editors can experiment in this template's sandbox ( create | mirror) and testcases ( create) pages.
- Sanctuaries and Temples
- Role of Women
- Mystery Religions
- See Also
While there were few concepts universal to all the Greek peoples, some common beliefs were shared by many.
The lack of a unified priestly class meant that a unified, canonic form of the religious texts or practices never existed; just as there was no unified, common sacred text for the Greek belief system, there was no standardization of practices. Instead, religious practices were organized on local levels, with priests normally being magistratesfor the city or village, or gaining authority from one of the many sanctuaries. Some priestly functions, like the care for a particular local festival, c...
Worship in Greece typically consisted of sacrificing domestic animals at the altar with hymn and prayer. The altar was outside any temple building, and might not be associated with a temple at all. The animal, which should be perfect of its kind, was decorated with garlands and the like, and led in procession to the altar; a girl with a basket on her head containing the concealed knife led the way. After various rituals, the animal was slaughtered over the altar. As it fell, all of the women...
Various religious festivals were held in ancient Greece. Many were specific only to a particular deity or city-state. For example, the festival of Lykaia was celebrated in Arcadia in Greece, which was dedicated to the pastoral god Pan. Like the other Panhellenic Games, the ancient Olympic Games were a religious festival, held at the sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia. Other festivals centered on Greek theatre, of which the Dionysia in Athens was the most important. More typical festivals featured a...
The main Greek temple building sat within a larger precinct or temenos, usually surrounded by a peribolos fence or wall; the whole is usually called a "sanctuary". The Acropolis of Athens is the most famous example, though this was apparently walled as a citadel before a temple was ever built there. The tenemos might include many subsidiary buildings, sacred grovesor springs, animals dedicated to the deity, and sometimes people who had taken sanctuary from the law, which some temples offered, for example to runaway slaves. The earliest Greek sanctuaries probably lacked temple buildings, though our knowledge of these is limited, and the subject is controversial. A typical early sanctuary seems to have consisted of a tenemos, often around a sacred grove, cave, rock (baetyl) or spring, and perhaps defined only by marker stones at intervals, with an altar for offerings. Many rural sanctuaries probably stayed in this style, but the more popular were gradually able to afford a building to...
The role of women in sacrifices is discussed above. In addition, the only public roles that Greek women could perform were priestesses: either hiereiai, meaning "sacred women" or amphipolis, a term for lesser attendants. As a priestess, they gained social recognition and access to more luxuries than other Greek women that worked or typically stayed in the home. They were mostly from local elite families; some roles required virgins, who would typically only serve for a year or so before marriage, while other roles went to married women. Women who voluntarily chose to become priestesses received an increase in social and legal status to the public, and after death, they received a public burial site. Greek priestesses had to be healthy and of a sound mind, the reasoning being that the ones serving the gods had to be as high-quality as their offerings.This was also true for male Greek priests. It is contested whether there were gendered divisions when it came to serving a particular g...
Those who were not satisfied by the public cult of the gods could turn to various mystery religions which operated as cultsinto which members had to be initiated in order to learn their secrets. Here, they could find religious consolations that traditional religion could not provide: a chance at mystical awakening, a systematic religious doctrine, a map to the afterlife, a communal worship, and a band of spiritual fellowship. Some of these mysteries, like the mysteries of Eleusis and Samothrace, were ancient and local. Others were spread from place to place, like the mysteries of Dionysus. During the Hellenistic period and the Roman Empire, exotic mystery religions became widespread, not only in Greece, but all across the empire. Some of these were new creations, such as Mithras, while others had been practiced for hundreds of years before, like the Egyptian mysteries of Osiris.
Mainstream Greek religion appears to have developed out of Proto-Indo-European religion and although very little is known about the earliest periods there are suggestive hints that some local elements go back even further than the Bronze Age or Helladic period to the farmers of Neolithic Greece. There was also clearly cultural evolution from the Late Helladic Mycenaean religion of the Mycenaean civilization. Both the literary settings of some important myths and many important sanctuaries rel...
Archaic and classical periods
Archaic and Classical Greece saw the development of flourishing cities and of stone-built temples to the gods, which were rather consistent in design across the Greek world. Religion was closely tied to civic life, and priests were mostly drawn from the local elite. Religious works led the development of Greek sculpture, though apparently not the now-vanished Greek painting. While much religious practice was, as well as personal, aimed at developing solidarity within the polis, a number of im...
In the Hellenistic period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the Roman conquest of Greece (146 BC) Greek religion developed in various ways, including expanding over at least some of Alexander's conquests. The new dynasties of diadochi, kings and tyrants often spent lavishly on temples, often following Alexander in trying to insinuate themselves into religious cult; this was much easier for the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, where the traditional ancient Egyptian religion had...
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