The Arkansas National Guard ( ARNG ), commonly known as the Arkansas Guard, is a component of the Government of Arkansas and the National Guard of the United States. It is composed of Army and Air National Guard units. The adjutant general 's office is located at Camp Robinson MTC, North Little Rock .
The Arkansas Army National Guard is a component of the Arkansas National Guard and the United States National Guard. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau. Arkansas Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Arkansas National Guard also bestows a number of state
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The Arkansas Air National Guard, commonly known as the Arkansas Air Guard, is the aerial militia of the State of Arkansas, United States of America. It is, along with the Arkansas Army National Guard, an element of the Arkansas National Guard. As state militia units, the units in the Arkansas Air National Guard are not typically in the normal United States Air Force chain of command unless federalized. They are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of Arkansas through the office of the Arkansas
Under the "Total Force" concept, Arkansas Air National Guard units are an Air Reserve Components of the United States Air Force. Arkansas ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the Arkansas Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployme
The Arkansas Air National Guard consists of the following major units: 189th Airlift Wing 1. Established 24 October 1925; operates: C-130H Hercules 2. Stationed at: Little Rock Air Force Base, Little Rock 3. Gained by: Air Mobility Command 4. The 189th provides aircrew training for the C-130 for all branches of the military and for 23 foreign countries. The unit operates the C-130 Tactical Airlift Instructor School, where aircrew instructors are trained to they can return to their units and keep
The Arkansas Air National Guard origins date to 28 August 1917 with the establishment of the 154th Aero Squadron as part of the World War I American Expeditionary Force. The 154th served in France on the Western Front, then after the 1918 Armistice with Germany was demobilized in 1919. Members of the 154th Observation Squadron, 1925 The Militia Act of 1903 established the present National Guard system, units raised by the states but paid for by the Federal Government, liable for immediate state
This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
The history of the Arkansas National Guard and World War I begins with the reorganization of the Arkansas State Guard following the Spanish–American War.As a result of difficulties encountered during the mobilization of state militia forces, the United States Congress passed new legislation which resulted in the renaming of the Arkansas State Guard as the Arkansas National Guard.
Re-organization following WWI. The effort to rapidly reorganize the Arkansas National Guard following World War I was a complicated task for two reasons, first the fact that the units mobilized for the war had effectively been disbanded at the end of the war and second because Federal Authorities were focused on a massive expansion of the National Guard.
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National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there have been several individual activations to support military operations since 2001.
Upon the request of either the judge or sheriff of a county or the mayor of a city......whenever it is made to appear to the Governor that there is a breach of the peace, riot, resistance to process of this State, or disaster or imminent danger thereof......the Governor may order into the active service of the state......for such period, and to such extent, and in such manner as he may deem necessary, all or any part of the organized militia. The intent is that the National Guard is called only when civilian resources have been used first and fully exhausted. While in this status, Guard units report only to military authorities, Guard Authorities do not replace Civilian Authorities. The use of the National Guard is intended as a temporary measure to prevent the loss of life or damage to property.
The Arkansas National Guard operates over 70 National Guard Readiness Centers (traditionally referred to as Armories) in 55 Arkansas Counties. The state also maintains two Maneuver Training Centers, Chaffee Maneuver Training Center at Fort Smith, Arkansas and Robinson Maneuver Training Centerat North Little Rock, Arkansas.
As of 2009, the Arkansas National Guard Consisted of 10,582 Soldiers and Airmen. 8,750 of these Soldiers and Airmen are considered traditional members, meaning that they are required to drill at least one weekend per month and 2 weeks per year, but often work more. The Arkansas National Guard is supported by 1,836 full-time federal military employees and an additional 545 full-time state civilian employees.
The Arkansas State Military Department supports the Arkansas Guard by providing responsible fiscal, administrative, nursing, security, youth service, family support, natural resource conservation, recycling, waste water, public affairs, legal, museum, fire and police officers and skilled trades as a well trained professional staff that will ensure well-maintained armories, facilities, training, and personnel administration for the National Guard.
The Arkansas National Guard's total operating budget for FY 2008 was, $244.8 Million of that the federal government provided $232.4 Million and the State of Arkansas provided $12.3 Million Fiscal 2008. Additionally there were federal military construction projects related to the Arkansas National Guard totaling $83 Million in FY 2008.
The Arkansas National Guard traces its roots to the creation of the Territorial Militia in 1804. Interest in the Militia in Arkansas generally waxed and waned throughout the 19th century as various national emergencies arose and passed. Arkansas provided troops for the War with Mexico, the American Civil War, and the Spanish-American War during the 19th century. In each case, in answer to the governor's call, local militia companies would turn out and be formed into regiments or battalionsfor induction into federal service. The militia was also heavily engaged in the violence that characterized the Reconstruction period following the Civil War. Interest in the militia or Arkansas State Guard as it was know following reconstruction, ebbed and flowed throughout the 19th century, increasing just before or major conflicts, but diminishing in between. Most militia activity was at the local, county and city level, and was often provided for with private funds. It was only late in the 19th...
Arkansas Historical Quarterly Articles relating to the Arkansas National Guard
Atkinson, James H., “The Arkansas Gubernatorial Campaign and Election of 1872”, Arkansas Historic Quarterly, I (December 1942) Bearden, Russell. "Jefferson County's Worst Disaster: The Flood of 1927." Arkansas Historical Quarterly, 43 (Winter 1984), pp. Bearsss, Edwin C., “Marmaduke Attacks Pine Bluff”, Arkansas Historic Quarterly, XXIII (Winter 1964) Brown, Walter Lee, “The Mexican War Experiences of Albert Pike and the ‘Mounted Devils’ of Arkansas”, Arkansas Historical Quarterly, XII (Winte...
Books relating to the Arkansas National Guard
The War Child's Children: The Story of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry, Confederate States Army. Little Rock: Pioneer Press, 1965. Abingdon, E. H., Back roads and bicarbonate : the autobiography of an Arkansas country doctor (New York, c1955) Bauer, K. Jack, The Mexican War: 1846–1848 (New York, 1974) Bearss, Edwin C., Battle of Wilson’s Creek (Diamond, MO, 1975) Bearss, Edwin C. and Gibson, A. M., Fort Smith: Little Gibraltar on the Arkansas (Norman, OK, 1969) Berger, Carl, The Korean K...
Collections at the Arkansas Historical Commission
Adjutant General’s Office Letters Sent, Arkansas History Commission Adjutant General’s "Letters, 18?8-1879," P. 19, Arkansas History Commission “Letters, Adjutant General’s Office, Jan. 1, 1894 to Oct. 6, 1894”, Arkansas History Commission "Letters of C. R. Wood," Arkansas History Commission Arkansas Military Records, 1883–1891, Arkansas History Commission. Gulley Collection, Arkansas History Commission. Scrapbook titled “Brooks-Baxter War Telegrams”, Arkansas History Commission Upham papers....
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La Arkansas Army National Guard è una componente della Riserva militare della Arkansas National Guard, inquadrata sotto la U.S. National Guard.Il suo quartier generale è situato presso la citta di North Little Rock
The United States National Guard is part of the reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force.It is a military reserve force composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
Arkansas National Guard Units and Wings The Arkansas National Guard is a community-based force consisting of men and women from every county in the state. Our organization is a cross section representing every demographic group in Arkansas.
Since 1804 the Arkansas National Guard has proudly served as a community-based, combat-proven force of citizen Soldiers and Airmen. Over 8,600 men and women continue to achieve greatness as we move forward in the global war on terrorism, protect our homeland and serve as leaders in our communities as a competent, capable and diverse force.