The name Beijing, which means "Northern Capital" (from the Chinese characters 北 for north and 京 for capital ), was applied to the city in 1403 during the Ming dynasty to distinguish the city from Nanjing (the "Southern Capital"). The English spelling Beijing is based on the government's official romanization (adopted in the 1980s) of the ...
People's Republic of China. Capital of regional dynasty or kingdom. Capital of China. The city of Beijing has a long and rich history that dates back over 3,000 years. Prior to the unification of China by the First Emperor in 221 BC, Beijing had been for centuries the capital of the ancient states of Ji and Yan.
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The Mandarin Chinese name of the city is Běijīng,[a] which means "The Northern Capital". It got this name when the Yongle Emperor of the Ming family of rulers moved most of his government from Nanjing ("The Southern Capital") in the early 1400s. In Chinese, Beijing's name is written Chinese: 北京. Today, people spell it "Beijing" because they use the pinyin way of spelling, which shows what the name should sound like in Mandarin. People used to spell it "Peking" because that was the spelling used by some of the first people from Europe to visit the Ming and write home about it; the Jesuits' work was made popular by their French brother Du Halde. It then became the official Chinese Postal Map spelling around 1900and continued to be used until pinyin became more popular. Beijing was also known as Beiping ("City of Northern Peace") between 1928 and 1949, when the Nationalists moved the Chinese capital to Nanjing and Chongqing.
The center of Beijing was settled in the 1st millennium BC. In those days, the Kingdom of Yan (燕, Yān) set up their capital where Beijing is today.They called it Ji (蓟, Jì). After the Kingdom of Yan was destroyed, the city became smaller, although it was still an important place. Beijing became more important again in the 10th century, when the Jin dynasty set its capital there. This city was destroyed by Mongol forces in 1215. Then in 1267, Mongols built a new city on the north side of the Jin capital, and called it "Great Capital" (大都, Dàdū), which was the beginning of modern Beijing. When Kublai Khanthe Mongolian monarch, set up the Yuan dynasty, this city became his capital. The Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and Qing dynastyall made Beijing their capital. When the Qing dynasty lost power and the Republic of China was set up, the new Republic moved its capital from Beijing to Nanjing. When the People's Republic of China seized power, Beijing became the capital of China again. In 198...
Important places in Beijing include: 1. The Great Wall of China (Chángchéng), in the mountains between Beijing and the grasslands of Mongolia 2. The Forbidden City (Gùgōng), the most important home of the emperorsof Ming and Qing China 3. Tian'anmen Square (Tiān'ānmén Guǎngchǎng), surrounded by China's most important government buildings and museums 4. Jingshan & Beihai Parks, the hill overlooking the Forbidden City and the lake beside it, with many temples 5. The Summer Palace (Yìhéyuán) and Old Summer Palace (Yuánmíng Yuán), the more natural home of the last Qing emperors and what is left of an older one 6. Prince Gong's Mansion, a very nice old house for one of the Qing princes 7. The Imperial Ancestral Temple (Tàimiào), where the emperors remembered the earlier people in their families 8. The Temple of Heaven (Tiāntán) and Temple of the Earth (Dìtán), important places for China's old national religion 9. The Temples of the Sun and the Moon, other important places for China's old...
Beijing is the education center of People's Republic of China. More than 500 famous universities of China are in Beijing. They also include 5 of the top universities: Peking University, Tsinghua University, China People University, Beijing Normal University, and Beihang University. Beijing is also education center of China for teaching Chinese as a foreign language. The standard Chinese pronunciation is based on Beijing dialect, so over 70% foreigners who want to study Chinese go to Beijing for their studies. 1. Beijing
1. Du Halde, Jean-Baptiste (1735), Description... de l'Empire de la Chine et de la Tartarie Chinoise, Paris: P.G. Lemercier. (in French) 2. Harris, Lane J. (November 2008), "A 'Lasting Boon to All': A Note on the Postal Romanization of Place Names, 1896–1949", Twentieth-Century China, Vol.34, No.1, Baltimore, pp. 96–109, doi:10.1353/tcc.0.0007 |volume= has extra text (help).
The Beijing Olympiad; Lillian M. Li, Alison J. Dray-Novey Haili Kong, Beijing : From Imperial Capital to Olympic City (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007). The Diaries of Sir Ernest Satow, British Envoy in Peking (1900-06) edited by Ian Ruxton in two volumes, Lulu Press Inc., April 2006 ISBN 1-4116-8804-X (Volume One); ISBN 1-4116-8805-8 ...
- 17,200,000  ( 26th)
- Guo Jinlong
- Liu Qi Committee Secretary
- 2,299.9/sq mi (888/km 2)
Beijing este situat în nord-estul Chinei; de altfel, numele său înseamnă "Capitala Nordului". Este al treilea municipiu din țară ca mărime, după Chongqing și Shanghai. În anul 2008 orașul a găzduit a 26-a ediție a Jocurilor Olimpice .
- ca. 233 îH
Beijing Capital International Airport ( IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) is one of the two main international airports serving Beijing, alongside Beijing Daxing International Airport. It is located 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Beijing's city center, in an exclave of Chaoyang District and the surroundings of that exclave in suburban Shunyi District.
Beijing ( / ˌbeɪˈdʒɪŋ / BAY-jing pengucapan dalam bahasa Mandarin: [pèɪ.tɕíŋ] ( simak) ), romanisasi alternatif ditulis Peking ( / ˌpeɪˈkɪŋ / PEY-king ), adalah ibu kota Republik Rakyat Tiongkok dan salah satu kota terpadat di dunia dengan populasi lebih dari 21 juta jiwa. Kota metropolis yang terletak di Tiongkok utara ini ...
Universal Studios Beijing (Chinese: 北京环球影城) is an upcoming Universal theme park in Beijing that will open in 2021 as part of Universal Beijing Resort.The park would become the fifth Universal Studios-branded theme park in the world, the seventh Universal-built park overall, and the third in Asia, after Universal Studios Japan and Universal Studios Singapore.
The Beijing Hotel is a five-star state-owned hotel complex in the Dongcheng District of Beijing, China. It is located at the southern end of Wangfujing Street, at the corner with East Chang'an Avenue, 1.5 km from Beijing railway station with views of the Forbidden City and part of Tiananmen Square.
The first wing of the Grand Hôtel de Pékin, a five-story red brick structure, was completed in 1915. A second wing, today known as Block B, was completed in 1917, making the hotel one of the oldest in Beijing. In 1933 Zhang Jingyao was shot in the building by an assassin. Following the July 7 incident in 1937, the hotel was taken over by Japanese forces and later by the Kuomintang government. Later, the banquet hall served guests such as Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai at the inauguration of ...
Many foreign journalists were based in the hotel during the spring of 1989. This was the site where Associated Press photographer Jeff Widener took the famous "Tank Man or Unknown Rebel" picture during the Tiananmen Square protests. According to journalist Zhang Boli, the last meetings between the students and government took place at the hotel on May 30, 1989, where no agreement was reached.