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  1. › wiki › Ceramic_artCeramic art - Wikipedia

    Ceramic art is art made from ceramic materials, including clay. It may take forms including artistic pottery, including tableware, tiles, figurines and other sculpture. As one of the plastic arts, ceramic art is one of the visual arts. While some ceramics are considered fine art, as pottery or sculpture, most are considered to be decorative ...

  2. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ceramic art works. Arts portal. The main article for this category is Ceramic art. Ceramics uses clay and other ceramic materials to make tableware and art objects. For glass, see Category:Glass . See also Category:Ceramic materials, Category:Ceramic engineering.

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  4. › wiki › CeramicCeramic - Wikipedia

    A ceramic is any of the various hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant materials made by shaping and then firing an inorganic, nonmetallic material, such as clay, at a high temperature. Common examples are earthenware, porcelain, and brick. The earliest ceramics made by humans were pottery objects or figurines made from clay, either by itself or mixed with other materials like silica, hardened and sintered in fire. Later, ceramics were glazed and fired to create smooth, colored su

  5. › wiki › Ceramics_artPottery - Wikipedia

    • Main Types
    • Archaeology
    • Source Material
    • Production of Pottery
    • History
    • Issues: Health and Environmental Issues in Production
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • External Links


    The earliest forms of pottery were made from clays that were fired at low temperatures, initially in pit-fires or in open bonfires. They were hand formed and undecorated. Earthenware can be fired as low as 600 °C, and is normally fired below 1200 °C. Because unglazed biscuit earthenware is porous, it has limited utility for the storage of liquids or as tableware. However, earthenware has had a continuous history from the Neolithic period to today. It can be made from a wide variety of clays,...


    Stoneware is pottery that has been fired in a kiln at a relatively high temperature, from about 1,100 °C to 1,200 °C, and is stronger and non-porous to liquids.The Chinese, who developed stoneware very early on, classify this together with porcelain as high-fired wares. In contrast, stoneware could only be produced in Europe from the late Middle Ages, as European kilns were less efficient, and the right type of clay less common. It remained a speciality of Germany until the Renaissance. Stone...


    Porcelain is made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 °C (2,200 and 2,600 °F). This is higher than used for the other types, and achieving these temperatures was a long struggle, as well as realizing what materials were needed. The toughness, strength and translucence of porcelain, relative to other types of pottery, arises mainly from vitrification and the formation of the mineral mullitewithin the body at these high temperature...

    The study of pottery can help to provide an insight into past cultures. Fabric analysis (see section below), used to analyse the fabric of pottery, is important part of archaeology for understanding the archaeological culture of the excavated site by studying the fabric of artifacts, such as their usage, source material composition, decorative pattern, color of patterns, etc. This helps to understand characteristics, sophistication, habits, technology, tools, trade, etc. of the people who made and used the pottery. Carbon dating reveals the age. Sites with similar pottery characteristics have the same culture, those sites which have distinct cultural characteristics but with some overlap are indicative of cultural exchange such as trade or living in vicinity or continuity of habitation, etc. Examples are black and red ware, redware, Sothi-Siswal culture and painted Grey Ware culture. The Six fabrics of Kalibangan is a good example of use of fabric analysis in identifying a different...

    Fabric analysis

    The "clay body" is also called the "paste" or the "fabric", which consists of 2 things, the "clay matrix" - composed of grains of less than 0.02 mm grains which can be seen using the high-powered microscopes or a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and the "clay inclusions" - which are larger grains of clay and could be seen with the naked eye or a low-power binocular microscope. For geologists, fabric analysis means spatial arrangement of minerals in a rock. For Archaeologists, the "fabric a...

    Clay bodies and mineral contents

    Body (or clay body) is a term for the main pottery form of a piece, underneath any glaze or decoration. The main ingredient of the body is clay. There are several materials that are referred to as clay. The properties which make them different include:Plasticity, the malleability of the body; the extent to which they will absorb water after firing; and shrinkage, the extent of reduction in size of a body as water is removed. Different clay bodies also differ in the way in which they respond w...

    Production of pottery includes following 3 stages: 1. making clay body, i.e. paste or putty. 2. shaping and moulding 3. firing or baking 4. decorating, such as glazing (slipping), paining, etc.

    A great part of the history of pottery is prehistoric, part of past pre-literate cultures. Therefore, much of this history can only be found among the artifacts of archaeology. Because pottery is so durable, pottery and shards of pottery survive from millennia at archaeological sites, and are typically the most common and important type of artifact to survive. Many prehistoric cultures are named after the pottery that is the easiest way to identify their sites, and archaeologists develop the ability to recognise different types from the chemistry of small shards. Before pottery becomes part of a culture, several conditions must generally be met. 1. First, there must be usable clay available. Archaeological sites where the earliest pottery was found were near deposits of readily available clay that could be properly shaped and fired. China has large deposits of a variety of clays, which gave them an advantage in early development of fine pottery. Many countries have large deposits of...

    Although many of the environmental effects of pottery production have existed for millennia, some of these have been amplified with modern technology and scales of production. The principal factors for consideration fall into two categories: (a) effects on workers, and (b) effects on the general environment. The chief risks on worker health include heavy metal poisoning, poor indoor air quality, dangerous sound levels and possible over-illumination. Historically, "plumbism" (lead poisoning) was a significant health concern to those glazing pottery. This was recognised at least as early as the nineteenth century, and the first legislation in the United Kingdom to limit pottery workers' exposure was introduced in 1899. Proper ventilation to guarantee adequate indoor air quality can reduce or eliminate workers' exposure to fine particulate matter, carbon monoxide, certain heavy metals, and crystalline silica (which can lead to silicosis). A more recent study at Laney College, Oakland,...

    Cooper, Emmanuel, 10,000 Years of Pottery, 4th ed., 2010, University of Pennsylvania Press ISBN 978-0-8122-2140-4
    Savage, George, Pottery Through the Ages, Penguin, 1959
    ASTM Standard C 242-01 Standard Terminology of Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products
    Ashmore, Wendy & Sharer, Robert J., (2000). Discovering Our Past: A Brief Introduction to Archaeology Third Edition. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-07-297882-7
    Barnett, William & Hoopes, John (Eds.) (1995). The Emergence of Pottery. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN 1-56098-517-8
    Childe, V.G., (1951). Man Makes Himself. London: Watts & Co.
    • What Happened to History of Ceramic Art?
    • How This Article Was Built
    • Lead
    • History Section
    • Citations Needed
    • External Links Modified

    The article that existed under the title "Ceramic art" consisted entirely of sections about the history of the subject. Therefore, I moved it to History of ceramic art and built a general article on ceramic art over the redirect. The Transhumanist20:35, 30 June 2015 (UTC)

    Coverage for the subject of ceramic art is dispersed across Wikipedia. Therefore, I copied and pasted the leads of the relevant articles to create the sections for this article, per the guideline Wikipedia:Summary style. The article lead was created from material taken from the articles history of ceramic art and ceramic. The Transhumanist20:41, 30 June 2015 (UTC) 1. User:Gmcbjames, do you really think this article is save-able? At the moment almost none of it is about art, which The Transhumanist has no idea how to write about. It might be better to move it, say to Outline of pottery. We are doing a disservice to people looking for "Ceramic art" sending them here rather than the old article, and a lot of work would be required to change that. Johnbod (talk) 15:06, 1 July 2015 (UTC) 1.1. Johnbod, I left a comment on the History of ceramic art talk page. At a first blush, I was initially hesitant regarding the change. In reviewing the summary style, this may be a good solution as so...

    Copy edited. "Created" is a better word than "made" because art implies conception and design as well as manufacture. The issue of nomenclature (art pottery, applied art, fine art, etc.) is too difficult to summarise in the lead, but the lead does need more material in it. Pelarmian (talk) 09:20, 23 July 2015 (UTC) 1. . . . and nomenclature wasn't discussed in the main body of the article anyway. Pelarmian (talk) 09:22, 23 July 2015 (UTC) 1. 1.1. Despite editing it yesterday, I still think this article is not fit for purpose, nor likely to become so, & will shortly be nominating a merge to the old one. Johnbod (talk) 12:57, 23 July 2015 (UTC) 1. 1.1. 1.1.1. I agree. Why gather in one place every aspect of pottery and ceramics? Does anyone look for that? More likely they search for concrete terms like "Sevres", from which they can follow any links that interest them. It's the links that make Wikipedia. Summaries are useful but there's no need for exhaustive articles. Pelarmian (talk)...

    Johnbod, after giving much thought, I am leaning towards merging History of ceramic art based on our discussion in the previous section Lead, other article discussions, and examining both articles with a neutral point of view on the subject of ceramic art. I agree, merging History would not place an undue burden on the size of the article. The History article is mostly in summary style and would fit well. I would suggest the section Native American pottery be more in summary of the main North American pottery article - a slight pruning. In the future, history sections which do not have a main article - if they grow larger, can be split. To keep the article Ceramic art a manageable size, I would also suggest the gallery not be included - galleries, which personally I like, aren't appreciated community wide and by not including a gallery of images - the size of the article will not be unduly long. The images could be used within the article. Thoughts everyone? Cheers Gmcbjames (talk)...

    I am surprised to find it all a matter of controversy that this article is in need of more references. However, if proof be needed, there are at the moment nine whole sections with no inline refs at all: and there are no "general" sources listed at the end which could possibly act as a figleaf for the lack of more obvious sourcing; there would have been 12 but I found sources for three of those today. In addition, there are 26 whole paragraphs, some quite substantial, with no references at all; and many other paragraphs have one sentence reffed, the rest uncovered. It is not enough to point to other articles: Wikipedia is not a reliable source, and each article must stand on its own explicitly declared sources. We can all be grateful for the excellent work and knowledgeable writing that has gone into assembling this article, but all the same, the referencing leaves room for improvement and it is now time for this to be flagged up. A single refimprove tag is in no way tag-bombing, wh...

    Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just added archive links to 3 external links on Ceramic art. Please take a moment to review my edit. If necessary, add {{cbignore}} after the link to keep me from modifying it. Alternatively, you can add {{nobots|deny=InternetArchiveBot}}to keep me off the page altogether. I made the following changes: 1. Added archive to 2. Added archive to 3. Added archive to When you have finished reviewing my changes, please set the checked parameter below to trueto let others know. This message was posted before February 2018....

  6. › wiki › Art_potteryArt pottery - Wikipedia

    • Overview
    • History
    • Porcelain and Art Nouveau

    Art pottery is a term for pottery with artistic aspirations, made in relatively small quantities, mostly between about 1870 and 1930. Typically, sets of the usual tableware items are excluded from the term; instead the objects produced are mostly decorative vessels such as vases, jugs, bowls and the like which are sold singly. The term originated in the later 19th century, and is usually used only for pottery produced from that period onwards. It tends to be used for ceramics produced in factory

    The movement was strongly linked with the fashion for national and international competitions and awards in the period, with the World's fairs the largest. America's first of these was the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876, which "was a critical catalyst for the development of the American Art Pottery movement", both because American commercial potteries exerted themselves to improve the artistic quality of the products specially made for exhibition, and because American visitors wer

    The Art pottery movement very largely used forms of earthenware and stoneware, sometimes revelling in showing the clay body, and sometimes smothering it in thick glazes. The many large European porcelain companies generally stood aloof from these developments, concentrating on tableware, and often struggling to throw off what had become the deadening influence of Rococo and Neoclassical styles. In the 1870s most continued to produce an eclectic variety of revivalist styles, though sometimes expe

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